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    Year Author / Editor / Organization Title Journal / Proceedings / Book BibTeX type
    2014 Aghaie, H.; Palensky, P. & Haas, R. Model-based Analysis of the Impact of Effective Competition on Supply Security in Energy Market Proceeedings of 11th International Conference on the European Energy Market EEM14   inproceedings
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Aghaie2014,
      author = {Hamid Aghaie and Peter Palensky and Reinhard Haas},
      title = {Model-based Analysis of the Impact of Effective Competition on Supply Security in Energy Market},
      booktitle = {Proceeedings of 11th International Conference on the European Energy Market EEM14},
      year = {2014}
    }
    					
    2014 Aghaie, H.; Palensky, P. & Haas, R. Analyzing Effective Competition In Energy Market Using Multi Agent Modelling
    Vol. EnInnov2014 - 13. Symposium Energieinnovation , pp. 176-177  
    inbook
    BibTeX:
    @inbook{Aghaie2014a,
      author = {Hamid Aghaie and Peter Palensky and Reinhard Haas},
      title = {Analyzing Effective Competition In Energy Market Using Multi Agent Modelling},
      publisher = {TU Graz},
      year = {2014},
      volume = {EnInnov2014 - 13. Symposium Energieinnovation},
      pages = {176-177}
    }
    					
    2015 Ahmad, I.; Kazmi, J.H.; Shahzad, M. & Palensky, P. Co-Simulation Framework based on Power System, AI and Communication Tools for Evaluating Smart Grid Applications Proceedings of IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies 2015 Asian Conference   inproceedings
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Ahmad2015a,
      author = {Ishtiaq Ahmad and Jawad Haider Kazmi and Mohsin Shahzad and Peter Palensky},
      title = {Co-Simulation Framework based on Power System, AI and Communication Tools for Evaluating Smart Grid Applications},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies 2015 Asian Conference},
      year = {2015},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ISGT-Asia.2015.7387092}
    }
    					
    2015 Ahmad, I.; Palensky, P. & Gawlik, W. Multi-Agent System based Voltage Support by Distributed Generation in Smart Distribution Network Proceedings of 2015 International Symposium on Smart Electric Distribution Systems and Technologies (EDST)   inproceedings
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Ahmad2015,
      author = {Ishtiaq Ahmad and Peter Palensky and Wolfgang Gawlik},
      title = {Multi-Agent System based Voltage Support by Distributed Generation in Smart Distribution Network},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of 2015 International Symposium on Smart Electric Distribution Systems and Technologies (EDST)},
      year = {2015},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/SEDST.2015.7315230}
    }
    					
    2014 Ahmad, I.; Shahzad, M. & Palensky, P. Optimal PID control of Magnetic Levitation System using Genetic Algorithm Energy Conference (ENERGYCON), 2014 IEEE International , pp. 1429-1433   inproceedings
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Ahmad2014,
      author = {Ahmad, I. and Shahzad, M. and Palensky, P.},
      title = {Optimal PID control of Magnetic Levitation System using Genetic Algorithm},
      booktitle = {Energy Conference (ENERGYCON), 2014 IEEE International},
      year = {2014},
      pages = {1429-1433},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ENERGYCON.2014.6850610}
    }
    					
    2015 Awais, M.U.; Gawlik, W.; De-Cillia, G. & Palensky, P. Hybrid Simulation Using SAHISim Framework: a hybrid distributed simulation framework using waveform relaxation method implemented over the HLA and the functional mock-up interface Proceedings of Eighth EAI International Conference on Simulation Tools and Techniques, Athens   inproceedings
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Awais2015,
      author = {Muhammad Usman Awais and Wolfgang Gawlik and Gregor De-Cillia and Peter Palensky},
      title = {Hybrid Simulation Using SAHISim Framework: a hybrid distributed simulation framework using waveform relaxation method implemented over the HLA and the functional mock-up interface},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of Eighth EAI International Conference on Simulation Tools and Techniques, Athens},
      year = {2015}
    }
    					
    2013 Awais, M.U.; Mueller, W.; Elsheikh, A.; Palensky, P. & Widl, E. Using the HLA for distributed continuous simulations Proceedings of the 8th EUROSIM Congress on Modelling and Simulation   inproceedings
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Awais2013b,
      author = {Muhammad Usman Awais and Wolfgang Mueller and Atiyah Elsheikh and Peter Palensky and Edmund Widl},
      title = {Using the HLA for distributed continuous simulations},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of the 8th EUROSIM Congress on Modelling and Simulation},
      year = {2013}
    }
    					
    2017 Awais, M.U.; Palensky, P. & Cvetkovic, M. Hybrid Simulation Using Implicit Solver Coupling with HLA and FMI International Journal of Modeling, Simulation, and Scientific Computing   article
    BibTeX:
    @article{Awais2017,
      author = {Muhammad Usman Awais and Peter Palensky and Milos Cvetkovic},
      title = {Hybrid Simulation Using Implicit Solver Coupling with HLA and FMI},
      journal = {International Journal of Modeling, Simulation, and Scientific Computing},
      year = {2017}
    }
    					
    2013 Awais, M.U.; Palensky, P.; Elsheikh, A.; Widl, E. & Stifter, M. The High Level Architecture RTI as a master to the Functional Mock-up Interface components Proceeedings of International Conference on Computing, Networking and Communications   inproceedings
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Awais2013,
      author = {Muhammad Usman Awais and Peter Palensky and Atiyah Elsheikh and Edmund Widl and Matthias Stifter},
      title = {The High Level Architecture RTI as a master to the Functional Mock-up Interface components},
      booktitle = {Proceeedings of International Conference on Computing, Networking and Communications},
      year = {2013},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ICCNC.2013.6504102}
    }
    					
    2013 Awais, M.U.; Palensky, P.; Mueller, W.; Widl, E. & Elsheikh, A. Distributed Hybrid Simulation Using the HLA and the Functional Mock-up Interface Proceedings of the 39th IEEE Conference on Industrial Electronics IECON 2013   inproceedings
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Awais2013a,
      author = {Muhammad Usman Awais and Peter Palensky and Wolfgang Mueller and Edmund Widl and Atiyah Elsheikh},
      title = {Distributed Hybrid Simulation Using the HLA and the Functional Mock-up Interface},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of the 39th IEEE Conference on Industrial Electronics IECON 2013},
      year = {2013},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/IECON.2013.6700393}
    }
    					
    2010 Bach, B.; Wilhelmer, D. & Palensky, P. Smart buildings, smart cities and governing innovation in the new millennium Proceedings of the 8th IEEE Conference on Industrial Informatics, IEEE INDIN 2010, Osaka, Japan   inproceedings
    Abstract: Climate Change and the volatility of fossil fuel prices put pressure on our global society, on politics, research and technology development and markets. The dimension of necessary efforts to reach agreed emission targets show that new approaches are necessary. Naturally, one focus lies on cities as huge producers of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Smart cities of the future will benefit from regional and on-site renewable energy generation and from a fully integrated desig and management of their energy systems.Large buildings will be active nodes in thermal and electric energy systems, providing energy generation, load shifts, and energy storage capacities beside their main functionalities. These technological breakthroughs in such complex systems require new innovation patterns including all stakeholders related to energy aspects in cities. The community of the new sectoral INNOsystem will develop a long term technology vision for a sustainable urban future including policy- and market- framework conditions and a R&D roadmap.
    Against this background Building Automation Industry in particular, as enabler for new intelligence in building functionalities is needed in developing integrated new technology visions. In parallel, INNO processes of Building Automation Industry will have to reflect the new complexity ofsystems by becoming open and being embedded in the INNO process of the collective new sectoral INNO system. This paper reflects on modern innovation processes and propose to apply them to smart buildings and smart cities development.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Bach2010,
      author = {Brigitte Bach and Doris Wilhelmer and Peter Palensky},
      title = {Smart buildings, smart cities and governing innovation in the new millennium},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of the 8th IEEE Conference on Industrial Informatics, IEEE INDIN 2010, Osaka, Japan},
      year = {2010},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/INDIN.2010.5549478}
    }
    					
    2005 Bacher, C.; Palensky, P. & Mahlknecht, S. Low cost data transmission via metallic solids for sensor networking IEEE International Conference on Emerging Technologies 2005 (ICET 2005), Islamabad, Pakistan   inproceedings
    Abstract: This paper presents a low-cost and low-power solution for data transmission via metallic solids. It uses ultrasonic waves in metal pipes to carry the information, since wireline or radio transmission is not possible in certain cases. The sender nodes are designed in a low power style in order to be supplied by batteries. Additionally, the nodes are using off-theshelf technology and are highly integrated to reduce costs dramatically, compared to similar existing technologies.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Bacher2005,
      author = {Christoph Bacher and Peter Palensky and Stefan Mahlknecht},
      title = {Low cost data transmission via metallic solids for sensor networking},
      booktitle = {IEEE International Conference on Emerging Technologies 2005 (ICET 2005), Islamabad, Pakistan},
      year = {2005},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ICET.2005.1558879}
    }
    					
    2006 Bais, A.; Penzhorn, W.T. & Palensky, P. Evaluation of UMTS security architecture and services 4th International Conference on Industrial Informatics IEEE INDIN 2006   inproceedings
    Abstract: This paper presents an in-depth analysis and evaluation of the security of UMTS. Four classes of attacks and threats are discussed in detail. Thereafter, the available security mechanism and services of UMTS are reviewed and evaluated. It is found that most of the potential attacks and threats can be thwarted by the available security services and mechanisms of UMTS.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Bais2006,
      author = {Abdul Bais and Walter T. Penzhorn and Peter Palensky},
      title = {Evaluation of UMTS security architecture and services},
      booktitle = {4th International Conference on Industrial Informatics IEEE INDIN 2006},
      year = {2006},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/INDIN.2006.275624}
    }
    					
    2008 Barnard, E.; Palensky, B.; Palensky, P. & Bruckner, D. Towards Learning 2.0 Proceedings of IT Revolutions 2008, Venice, Italy   inproceedings
    Abstract: Learning certainly qualifies as one of the core issues of artificial intelligence (AI). During the years, it has gained – and subsequently lost – popularity in the research community. After a historical perspective on the rise and fall of learning research in AI, some of the limitations of current learning systems are reviewed, followed by a presentation of various responses about how to overcome them. A special focus is given on one of the responses, the attempt to draw lessons from a detailed study of evolutionary and developmental processes and stages of learning in nature, in particular in human beings. From this, a number of principles for machine learning are inferred. A key aspect seems to be that learning should be cumulative to compensate for the exponential growth in learning complexity.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Barnard2008,
      author = {Etienne Barnard and Brigitte Palensky and Peter Palensky and Dietmar Bruckner},
      title = {Towards Learning 2.0},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of IT Revolutions 2008, Venice, Italy},
      year = {2008},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.4108/ICST.ITREVOLUTIONS2008.5106}
    }
    					
    2016 Bhandia, R.; van der Meer, A. & Palensky, P. Fault Anticipation in Distribution Networks by RTDS RTDS European Users Group Meeting   inproceedings
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Bhandia2016,
      author = {Rishabh Bhandia and Arjen van der Meer and Peter Palensky},
      title = {Fault Anticipation in Distribution Networks by RTDS},
      booktitle = {RTDS European Users Group Meeting},
      year = {2016}
    }
    					
    2014 Bosetti, H.; Khan, S.; Aghaie, H. & Palensky, P. Survey, Illustrations and Limits of Game Theory for Cyber-Physical Energy Systems at - Automatisierungstechnik
    Vol. 62 (5) , pp. 375-384  
    article
    BibTeX:
    @article{Bosetti2014,
      author = {Hadrien Bosetti and Sohail Khan and Hamid Aghaie and Peter Palensky},
      title = {Survey, Illustrations and Limits of Game Theory for Cyber-Physical Energy Systems},
      journal = {at - Automatisierungstechnik},
      year = {2014},
      volume = {62},
      number = {5},
      pages = {375-384},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/auto-2014-0001}
    }
    					
    2004 Brainin, E.; Dietrich, D.; Palensky, P. & Roesener, C. Neuro-bionic Architecture of Automation Systems - Obstacles and Challenges (0780378547) Proceedings of 2004 IEEE Africon, 7th Africon Conference in Africa, Technology Innovation, Volume 2 , pp. 1219-1222   inproceedings
    Abstract: For a long time, engineering technologies tried to learn lessons from biology and took the line of bionic approaches. Well known examples of bionic methods can be found in robotics or in the aerospace industry. Without question, the human brain is the most important example of successfully controlling a com-plex system – our body. When building up complex automation systems with massive numbers of information, implications and relations, a next step could be to include neurobiology, psychology and psychoanalysis aspects. In this context, we present a new model and show obstacles and demands when putting the model into practice.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Brainin2004,
      author = {Elisabeth Brainin and Dietmar Dietrich and Peter Palensky and Charlotte Roesener},
      title = {Neuro-bionic Architecture of Automation Systems - Obstacles and Challenges},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of 2004 IEEE Africon, 7th Africon Conference in Africa, Technology Innovation, Volume 2},
      publisher = {IEEE},
      year = {2004},
      number = {0780378547},
      pages = {1219-1222},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/AFRICON.2004.1406885}
    }
    					
    2013 Bruckner, D.; Dietrich, D.; Zeilinger, H.; Kowarik, D.; Palensky, P.; Doblhammer, K.; Deutsch, T. & Fodor, G. ARS: Eine technische Anwendung von psychoanalytischen Grundprinzipien fuer die Robotik und Automatisierungstechnik Psychoanalyse im Widerspruch
    Vol. 50 , pp. 57-116  
    article
    BibTeX:
    @article{Bruckner2013,
      author = {Dietmar Bruckner and Dietmar Dietrich and Heimo Zeilinger and Daniela Kowarik and Peter Palensky and Klaus Doblhammer and Tobias Deutsch and Georg Fodor},
      title = {ARS: Eine technische Anwendung von psychoanalytischen Grundprinzipien fuer die Robotik und Automatisierungstechnik},
      journal = {Psychoanalyse im Widerspruch},
      year = {2013},
      volume = {50},
      pages = {57-116}
    }
    					
    2010 Bruckner, D.; Dietrich, D.; Zucker, G. & Palensky, P. Guest Editorial Building Automation, Control and Management IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics
    Vol. 57 (11)  
    article
    Abstract: Building automation has for the longest time been neglected
    by research but has now finally gained scientific
    significance. A driving factor includes economic concerns because
    the well-being of persons in both office and residential
    spaces is rated much higher today. The average family size is
    slowly moving toward families with only one child while the
    amount of households for only one person increases, and the
    demand for elderly people requiring assisted living at home also
    increases. The overall financial efforts are raising, and it is not
    clear who can cover them, particularly in the case of the elderly.
    Simple functions like turning the lights on and off or setting
    the set points for heating, ventilation, and air conditioning will
    not satisfy the requirements of modern customers. Building
    automation has made more complex applications possible by
    creating a network between the components in the building. The
    key technology is fieldbuses, which were introduced 20 years
    ago. Back then, it was already clear that fieldbuses would significantly
    change the technology in the building, but the impact
    of today’s embedded systems in the building with all their
    possibilities for new applications is an impressive development
    that went far beyond expectations. Today, the customer expects
    integrated comfort, safety, electronically supported security,
    energy efficiency using sustainable energy sources, and high
    reliability and availability.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Bruckner2010,
      author = {Dietmar Bruckner and Dietmar Dietrich and Gerhard Zucker and Peter Palensky},
      title = {Guest Editorial Building Automation, Control and Management},
      journal = {IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics},
      year = {2010},
      volume = {57},
      number = {11},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TIE.2010.2065150}
    }
    					
    2014 Bruckner, D.; Dillon, T.; Hu, S.; Palensky, P. & Wei, T. Guest Editorial Special Section on Building Automation, Smart Homes, and Communities IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics
    Vol. 10 (1) , pp. 676-679  
    article
    BibTeX:
    @article{Bruckner2014,
      author = {Dietmar Bruckner and Tharam Dillon and Shiyan Hu and Peter Palensky and Tongquan Wei},
      title = {Guest Editorial Special Section on Building Automation, Smart Homes, and Communities},
      journal = {IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics},
      year = {2014},
      volume = {10},
      number = {1},
      pages = {676-679},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TII.2013.2281939}
    }
    					
    2012 Bruckner, D.; Haase, J.; Palensky, P. & Zucker, G. Latest trends in integrating building automation and smart grids Proceedings of the 38th IEEE Conference on Industrial Electronics IECON 2012 , pp. 6285-6290   inproceedings
    Abstract: Previously mostly independently considered topics grow more and more together to form the building blocks of the future smart city. The building itself needs to be built as a zero average energy consuming building, posing requirements mainly on thermal and electrical parameters. Those parameters need to be known and controlled, requiring intelligent control techniques and cross-layer optimized sensor networks. Finally, very differently used buildings together participate in the infrastructure of the city, which gives them freedom to passively burden the grids, or actively help stabilizing them, while benefitting from different tariffs in the smart grids. This paper summarizes the state of the art of those topics with respect to industrial electronics.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Bruckner2012,
      author = {Dietmar Bruckner and Jan Haase and Peter Palensky and Gerhard Zucker},
      title = {Latest trends in integrating building automation and smart grids},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of the 38th IEEE Conference on Industrial Electronics IECON 2012},
      publisher = {IEEE, Piscataway, NJ 08854},
      year = {2012},
      pages = {6285--6290},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/IECON.2012.6389021}
    }
    					
    2010 Brychta, M.; Dubisch, F.; Palensky, P. & Stift, F. QUEEN: Ein Tool zur Evaluierung innovativer Gebaeude- und Anlagenkonzepte auf basis dynamischer Simulation BAUSIM 2010, third German-Austrian Building Simulation Conference   inproceedings
    Abstract: Der gegenwärtig in der Baubranche etablierte Planungsprozess ist in mancher Hinsicht konservativ. Eine frühe, abschätzende Evaluierung des energetischen Verhaltens von innovativen Maßnahmen zur Steigerung der Energieeffizienz von Gebäude- oder Haustechnik-Konzepten schon in der Vorentwurfsphase wird durch eine unzureichende Datengrundlage und fehlende Bewertungstools erschwert. Darüber hinaus resultiert aus der Anforderung nach Risikominimierung, dem Kostendruck und der Komplexität des Planungsprozesses ein hoher Erfolgsdruck auf das Planungsteam. Die genannten Faktoren stellen wesentliche Hemmnisse für den vermehrten Einsatz innovativer Gebäudetechnologien dar. Das vorgestellte Tool ermöglicht in realen Bauvorhaben eine frühzeitige, abschätzende Bewertung unterschiedlicher Planungskonzepte hinsichtlich Energieeffizienz mittels dynamischer thermischer Simulation. Darüber hinaus ist eine laufende Anpassung des Detailierungsgrades des Modells an die Datengrundlage des aktuellen Planungsstandes möglich.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Brychta2010,
      author = {Markus Brychta and Florian Dubisch and Peter Palensky and Florian Stift},
      title = {QUEEN: Ein Tool zur Evaluierung innovativer Gebaeude- und Anlagenkonzepte auf basis dynamischer Simulation},
      booktitle = {BAUSIM 2010, third German-Austrian Building Simulation Conference},
      year = {2010}
    }
    					
    2010 Brychta, M.; Dubisch, F.; Stift, F. & Palensky, P. QUEEN: A novel design flow and decision support tool for sustainable buildings Proceedings of the 36th IEEE Conference on Industrial Electronics, IECON 2010, Phoenix AZ, USA   inproceedings
    Abstract: The established building design process is a very conservative one. New technologies and energy efficient systems are hardly adopted since there are few reference buildings out there. Risk minimization, cost pressure and the complexity of the design process therefore leads to a poor innovation cycle and oldfashioned, inefficient buildings. We present a design flow that overcomes this hurdle by means of simulation. A decision support tool uses facts and figures from simulation to ease the process of selecting the right system. Furthermore we present the software architecture of the implemented design flow that is already in use by construction industry. The project was initiated and actively supported by STRABAG AG, a construction and consulting company based in Austria operating in international markets.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Brychta2010a,
      author = {Markus Brychta and Florian Dubisch and Florian Stift and Peter Palensky},
      title = {QUEEN: A novel design flow and decision support tool for sustainable buildings},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of the 36th IEEE Conference on Industrial Electronics, IECON 2010, Phoenix AZ, USA},
      year = {2010},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/IECON.2010.5675380}
    }
    					
    2006 Buchholz, B. & Palensky, P. Kommunikation als Schluessel fuer kuenftige Effizienz der Netzfuehrung 11th Kassler Symposium Energy Systems Technology 2006 - KSES06   inproceedings
    Abstract: Our energy system is experiencing a change. Centralized structures are supported or even replaced by decentralized, flat topologies. Distributed generation, often with a stochastic behaviour, is increasing and generates the need for more coordination. The necessary communication infrastructure typically ends in the main substations and the existing technologies are often not suitable to integrate members of the distribution grid. It is the goal to provide system services by using distributed energy sources as well as the end customer. The missing link is an open, standardized communication infrastruc-ture that allows for acquiring data (measuring, receiving alarms, etc.) and for distributing decisions (commands, road maps, tariffs, etc.) in a real-time manner. A lack of stan-dards and interoperability between and within the grid layers led to the development of IEC 61850. This article gives a short introduction into the possibilities of this standard, which helps to – in terms of communication – dig deeper into the grid by being open, vendor-neutral and extensible. Additionally, requirements for performance, message types, amounts of data and devices are given for the first time.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Buchholz2006,
      author = {Bernd Buchholz and Peter Palensky},
      title = {Kommunikation als Schluessel fuer kuenftige Effizienz der Netzfuehrung},
      booktitle = {11th Kassler Symposium Energy Systems Technology 2006 - KSES06},
      year = {2006}
    }
    					
    2005 Burgstaller, W.; Soucek, S. & Palensky, P. Current challenges in abstracting data points 6th IFAC International Conference on Fieldbus Systems and their Applications (FeT 2005), Puebla, Mexico   inproceedings
    Abstract: Services in building automation traditionally have been implemented using a variety of fieldbus systems. Recently growing interest has been put into convergence of the various systems. A classical approach is the use of gateways. The engineering effort, however, to build gateways for an arbitrary number of systems is of quadratic order. This paper focuses on a data-centered view, which defines a set of abstract services needed for building services, and discusses the resulting challenges. With this approach an application can be migrated from one system to another, leading to a linear engineering effort for controllers, data servers and multi-protocol nodes.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Burgstaller2005,
      author = {Wolfgang Burgstaller and Stefan Soucek and Peter Palensky},
      title = {Current challenges in abstracting data points},
      booktitle = {6th IFAC International Conference on Fieldbus Systems and their Applications (FeT 2005), Puebla, Mexico},
      publisher = {Springer},
      year = {2005}
    }
    					
    2013 Cecati, C.; Hancke, G.; Palensky, P.; Siano, P. & Yu, X. Guest Editorial Special Section on Information Technologies in Smart Grids IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics
    Vol. 9 (3) , pp. 1380-1383  
    article
    BibTeX:
    @article{Cecati2013,
      author = {Carlo Cecati and Gerhard Hancke and Peter Palensky and Pierluigi Siano and Xinghuo Yu},
      title = {Guest Editorial Special Section on Information Technologies in Smart Grids},
      journal = {IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics},
      year = {2013},
      volume = {9},
      number = {3},
      pages = {1380-1383},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TII.2013.2271932}
    }
    					
    2010 Dietrich, D.; Bruckner, D.; Zucker, G. & Palensky, P. Communication and Computation in Buildings: A Short Introduction and Overview IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics
    Vol. 57 (11)  
    article
    Abstract: Building automation (BA) and smart homes (SHs) have traditionally not been a unified field but varied by their origins, legal foundations, different applications, different goals, and national funding programs for basic research. Only within the last years that an international common focus appeared. The following overview gives not only an introduction into the topic of BA but also the distinction to other areas of automation, in which networks of the field level (the sensor and actuator level) play an important role. Finally, the scientific challenges will be mentioned. SHs are referred to when the differences to BA have to be explicitly stressed. This paper is an introduction for the special IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONICS section on BA and shall introduce the reader to this new topic. BA not only has a huge economic potential but also is of significant academic interest today.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Dietrich2010,
      author = {Dietmar Dietrich and Dietmar Bruckner and Gerhard Zucker and Peter Palensky},
      title = {Communication and Computation in Buildings: A Short Introduction and Overview},
      journal = {IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics},
      year = {2010},
      volume = {57},
      number = {11},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TIE.2010.2046570}
    }
    					
    1999 Dietrich, D.; Gordeev, M. & Palensky, P. Vollstaendige Vernetzung von Gebaeuden Vortrag: ASA99, Wien, 19.10.1999, in: "Chipkarten am PC" , pp. 1-8   inproceedings
    Abstract: Seit Jahren ist "Smart Home" ein angestrebtes Forschungsziel, worauf jedoch der Markt nicht vorbereitet war und ist. Vor allem, was ist das? Was steckt dahinter? Die Aktivitäten im Bereich der Gebäudeautomation, der Kraftfahrzeugtechnik und des Electronic Commerce sowie die Liberalisierung des Energiemarktes sind nun jedoch soweit fortgeschritten, daß eine neue Situation vorliegt. Die Anbindung privater Haushalte an das Internet mit dem Ziel, darüber zum Beispiel die Energiezähler abzulesen, auch im privaten Bereich, können die Initialzündung für einen neuen Markt bedeuten, der in wirtschaftlicher, in technischer und auch in sozialer Hinsicht völlig neue Möglichkeiten eröffnet. Plötzlich zeigen selbst Amerikaner für dieses Thema größtes Interesse, und in Wien veranstaltet der ÖVE im nächsten Jahr speziell für dieses Thema eine eigene Tagung.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Dietrich1999a,
      author = {Dietmar Dietrich and Mikhail Gordeev and Peter Palensky},
      title = {Vollstaendige Vernetzung von Gebaeuden},
      booktitle = {Vortrag: ASA99, Wien, 19.10.1999, in: "Chipkarten am PC"},
      year = {1999},
      pages = {1-8}
    }
    					
    1997 Dietrich, D.; Loy, D.; Palensky, P.; Sauter, T. & Schweinzer, H.-J. Main research topics in fieldbus technology and interdisciplinary projects Presentation at 13. oesterreichischer Automatisierungstag, Wien 16. Oktober 1997, MCC-Messe Congress Centrum  misc
    Abstract: Today´s fieldbus systems open possibilities for implementing distributed applications at the sensor/actuator level. The number of nodes will increase dramatically in the future as well as the need for fault tolerance. This involves research efforts not only referred to fieldbus systems themselves but also in interdisciplinary projects.
    BibTeX:
    @misc{Dietrich1997,
      author = {Dietmar Dietrich and Diemtar Loy and Peter Palensky and Thilo Sauter and Hans-Joerg Schweinzer},
      title = {Main research topics in fieldbus technology and interdisciplinary projects},
      year = {1997}
    }
    					
    1999 Dietrich, D. & Palensky, P. TRICON - Vollstaendige Vernetzung von Privathaushalten durch EVUs (780386051) Internationale Energiewirtschaftstagung an der TU Wien, 24-26. Feb. 1999 , pp. 56-56   inproceedings
    Abstract: "Smart Home" ist ein seit Jahren angestrebtes Forschungsziel, worauf jedoch der Markt nicht vorbereitet war. Die Aktivitäten im Bereich der Gebäudeautomation, der Kraftfahrzeugtechnik und des Electronic Commerce sowie die Liberalisierung des Energiemarktes veränderten die Situation. Die Anbindung privater Haushalte an Internet mit dem Ziel, darüber die Energiezähler abzulesen, auch im privaten Bereich, können die Initial-zündung für einen neuen Markt bedeuten, der in wirtschaftlicher, in technischer und auch in sozialer Hinsicht völlig neue Möglichkeiten eröffnet.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Dietrich1999,
      author = {Dietmar Dietrich and Peter Palensky},
      title = {TRICON - Vollstaendige Vernetzung von Privathaushalten durch EVUs},
      booktitle = {Internationale Energiewirtschaftstagung an der TU Wien, 24-26. Feb. 1999},
      year = {1999},
      number = {780386051},
      pages = {56-56}
    }
    					
    1998 Dietrich, D. & Palensky, P. Fieldbus Technology Presentation/Seminar at Perm State Technological University, Perm, Russia, 21.06.1998  misc
    BibTeX:
    @misc{Dietrich1998,
      author = {Dietmar Dietrich and Peter Palensky},
      title = {Fieldbus Technology},
      year = {1998}
    }
    					
    1998 Dietrich, D. & Palensky, P. Feldbustechnik Presentation at: Austrian Energy EBS, Wien (eingeladen), 01.04.1998  misc
    BibTeX:
    @misc{Dietrich1998a,
      author = {Dietmar Dietrich and Peter Palensky},
      title = {Feldbustechnik},
      year = {1998}
    }
    					
    1998 Dietrich, D. & Palensky, P. Feldbustechnik Keynote at Temporaerer Arbeitskreis Distribution-Line-Carrier (TAK DLC) of Verband der Elektrizitaetswerke Oesterreichs (VEOE), 4., Brahmsplatz 3, Vienna, 11.11.1998  misc
    BibTeX:
    @misc{Dietrich1998b,
      author = {Dietmar Dietrich and Peter Palensky},
      title = {Feldbustechnik},
      year = {1998}
    }
    					
    2004 Dietrich, D.; Palensky, P.; Burgstaller, W.; Roesener, C. & Kastner, W. Technische Innovationen zur Steigerung der Konkurrenzfaehigkeit von EIB/KNX fuer den breiten Markt   techreport
    BibTeX:
    @techreport{Dietrich2004,
      author = {Dietmar Dietrich and Peter Palensky and Wolfgang Burgstaller and Charlotte Roesener and Wolfgang Kastner},
      title = {Technische Innovationen zur Steigerung der Konkurrenzfaehigkeit von EIB/KNX fuer den breiten Markt},
      year = {2004}
    }
    					
    2012 Dietrich, D.; Palensky, P. & Dietrich, D. Psychoanalyse und Computertechnik, eine Win-Win-Situation? psychosozial (127)   article
    Abstract: Die Behauptung, "das Gehirn ist kein Computer", hört sich überzeugend an und wird in der
    Wissenschaft immer wieder betont. Doch die technische Informationstheorie lässt diese Aussage nicht
    zu und kann darüber hinaus noch weiter helfen: Durch sie können nicht nur Modelle der
    Psychoanalyse neu verstanden und bestätigt, sondern auch Fragen, die Freud aufwarf, beantwortet
    werden. Doch um dies zu erreichen, ist eine Zusammenarbeit zwischen den einzelnen Fachgebieten,
    allen voran der Psychoanalyse und Computertechnik, notwendig. Der vorliegende Aufsatz versucht,
    die Probleme der Thematik anhand eines beispielhaft herangezogenen Aufsatzes von Marianne
    Leuzinger-Bohleber herauszuarbeiten, der sich besonders gut dafür eignet, weil sie nicht nur das
    Problem ausführlich anspricht, sondern einige Punkte diskutiert, die man unter dem Gesichtspunkt der
    technischen Informationstheorie anders sehen kann und zum Teil sehen muss.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Dietrich2012,
      author = {Dietmar Dietrich and Peter Palensky and Dorothee Dietrich},
      title = {Psychoanalyse und Computertechnik, eine Win-Win-Situation?},
      journal = {psychosozial},
      year = {2012},
      number = {127}
    }
    					
    2006 Dietrich, D.; Palensky, P.; von Klot, S. & Dietrich, D. Digitale Gebaeude Architektur und Bauforum , pp. 8-10   article
    Abstract: Als man in den 1970er und 1980er Jahren versuchte, gewisse Funktionen im Kraftfahrzeug zu elektronisieren, hatte man nicht die geringste Ahnung, welch dramatische Entwicklung dies nehmen wird.
    Sieht man Bilder von einem Kraftfahrzeugnetzwerk heute, assoziiert man das Nervensystem des Menschen - und man steht erst am Anfang einer neuen Technologie, bei der überall Unmengen an Sensoren integriert werden, an die gleichzeitig kleinste Computer angeflanscht werden, die dann zu so genannten Embedded Systems verschmelzen. Dass dies Auswirkungen auf alle Bereiche haben wird, in denen die Automation eine Rolle spielt, ist einleuchtend – also auch auf die Gebäudeautomation. Was ist nun das entscheidende Moment dabei? In einem Film aus den 50er Jahren wurde folgendes Bild eines „automatisierten“ Hauses – heute würde man dazu ein „Smart Home“ sagen – gezeichnet, in dem sein stolzer Ingenieur friedlich schlief. Pünktlich läutete morgens ein mechanischer Wecker, der einen kleinen Ball in Bewegung setzte, wodurch eine Kerze entflammte, die einen Ofen entzündete, das Wasser im Wasserkessel begann zu sieden, und der Ingenieur konnte letztendlich aufstehen, sich warm duschen und seinen Kaffee genießen. Welches Verständnis von Automation spiegelt diese Szene wider? Die Kopplung der Prozesse erfolgt rein mechanisch. Was erwartet man von der Automation heute? Welche Philosophie liegt zugrunde, wenn man ein Tier oder sogar den Menschen als Vorbild für einen automatisierten Prozess heranzieht?
    Die Sensoren, die Nerven und Muskeln in uns enthalten im Prinzip folgende Grundfunktionen: die Umsetzung physikalischer Größen in Nervenpotentiale, die Weiterleitung, die Informationsverarbeitung und wiederum die Umsetzung von nervösen Signalen in mechanische Größen durch Drüsen und Muskeln. Setzt man dies in unsere Welt der technischen Automation um, kann dies mit den Embedded Systems gleichgesetzt werden. Für den Prozess werden Prozessgrößen mit vielen hunderten von Sensoren erfasst. Die Werte werden verarbeitet und lösen über Algorithmen Reaktionen aus. Folgen wir also den Architekturprinzipien der Natur – und das wird mit Sicherheit geschehen –, müssen wir für Prozesse jeweils möglichst viele Prozessdaten gewinnen – umso mehr und je präziser sie sind, umso feinfühliger sind wir in der Lage, auch komplexe Prozesse zu steuern, um der Maschine ein möglichst genaues Referenzbild des Prozesses zu vermitteln, damit sie dann entsprechend adäquat über Algorithmen reagieren kann.
    Damit wird eine entscheidende Aussage getroffen: Es kommt in diesem Fall nicht darauf an, Prozesse zu separieren, Abhängigkeiten zu linearisieren und eine geschlossene mathematische Beschreibung für einen Prozess zu finden, sondern möglichst viele, diversitäre Daten des Prozesses zu erfassen, die Abhängigkeiten der Subprozesse zu eruieren und adäquate Algorithmen zur Beeinflussung zu finden. Damit schaffen wir Referenzbilder der „Außenwelt“ in all den kleinen Computern, leiten daraus Strategien ab, und können gezielt Maßnahmen treffen. Eine entscheidende Voraussetzung muss dabei zugrunde gelegt werden: alle Embedded Systems müssen untereinander kommunizieren können, was heute über die Feldbustechnik möglich wird – eine Technologie, über die der Ingenieur in den 50er Jahren nicht verfügte.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Dietrich2006,
      author = {Dietmar Dietrich and Peter Palensky and Sandrine von Klot and Dorothee Dietrich},
      title = {Digitale Gebaeude},
      journal = {Architektur und Bauforum},
      publisher = {Oesterreichischer Wirtschaftsverlag},
      year = {2006},
      pages = {8-10}
    }
    					
    2003 Dietrich, D.; Palensky, P. & Treytl, A. Communication in Automation with the Emphasis on Security International Workshop on Integrated systems with focus on Fire an Security, Rom, Italien (invited), Eusas Newsletter,16.06.2003 - 17.06.2003 , pp. 89-104   inproceedings
    Abstract: Security is normally an ignored aspect in the field of Field Area Networks (FANs, a.k.a fieldbusses). Home and building automation networks are now the first one to do the first steps towards more security, since security is a key aspect of an automated building. Up to now, the risks of attacks were relatively small. However, this situation will change completely by the dramatic increase of the number of FAN nodes and the increasing interconnection of different FANs. The goal of this paper is to analyze today’s situation but also to propose and point out common efficient solutions for different, and especially for high-level security requirements.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Dietrich2003,
      author = {Dietmar Dietrich and Peter Palensky and Albert Treytl},
      title = {Communication in Automation with the Emphasis on Security},
      booktitle = {International Workshop on Integrated systems with focus on Fire an Security, Rom, Italien (invited), Eusas Newsletter,16.06.2003 - 17.06.2003},
      year = {2003},
      pages = {89-104}
    }
    					
    2013 Elsheikh, A.; Awais, M.U.; Widl, E. & Palensky, P. Modelica-Enabled Rapid Prototyping of Cyber-Physical Energy Systems Via The Functional Mockup Interface Proceedings of the 2013 Workshop on Modeling and Simulation of Cyber-Physical Energy Systems   inproceedings
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Elsheikh2013a,
      author = {Atiyah Elsheikh and Muhammed Usman Awais and Edmund Widl and Peter Palensky},
      title = {Modelica-Enabled Rapid Prototyping of Cyber-Physical Energy Systems Via The Functional Mockup Interface},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of the 2013 Workshop on Modeling and Simulation of Cyber-Physical Energy Systems},
      year = {2013},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MSCPES.2013.6623315}
    }
    					
    2012 Elsheikh, A.; Widl, E. & Palensky, P. Simulating Complex Energy Systems With Modelica: A Primary Evaluation Digital Ecosystems Technologies (DEST), 2012 6th IEEE International Conference on , pp. 1-6   inproceedings
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Elsheikh2012,
      author = {Atiyah Elsheikh and Edmund Widl and Peter Palensky},
      title = {Simulating Complex Energy Systems With Modelica: A Primary Evaluation},
      booktitle = {Digital Ecosystems Technologies (DEST), 2012 6th IEEE International Conference on},
      year = {2012},
      pages = {1-6},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/DEST.2012.6227921}
    }
    					
    2013 Elsheikh, A.; Widl, E.; Pensky, P.; Dubisch, F.; Brychta, M.; Basciotti, D. & Mueller, W. Modelica-enabled rapid prototyping via TRNSYS Proceedings of Building Simulation 2013   inproceedings
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Elsheikh2013,
      author = {Atiyah Elsheikh and Edmund Widl and Peter Pensky and Florian Dubisch and Markus Brychta and Daniele Basciotti and Wolfgang Mueller},
      title = {Modelica-enabled rapid prototyping via TRNSYS},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of Building Simulation 2013},
      year = {2013}
    }
    					
    2012 Ferhatbegovic, T.; Palensky, P.; Fontanella, G. & Basciotti, D. Modelling and design of a linear predictive controller for a solar powered HVAC system 21st IEEE International Symposium on Industrial Electronics - ISIE2012   inproceedings
    Abstract: The world's increasing population growth has led
    to a rapidly rising building sector. A major source of global
    energy consumption are buildings and heating, ventilation and
    air-conditioning (HVAC) systems. Therefore, the energy-efficient
    operation of buildings and HVAC systems as well as the optimal
    use of renewable energy sources have become the crucial factor
    with respect to the goals of reducing energy consumption and
    hence contribute to the desired climate change mitigation. More
    intelligent automation and control for buildings and their energy
    systems represent a simple and cost-effective way how to achieve
    the desired goal of lower energy consumption and to promote the
    use of alternative energy sources. In contrast to the conventional
    control approaches, employing model based predictive control
    techniques provides for the possibility to exploit the potentials
    of the controlled HVAC systems in a larger scale and therefore
    contribute to the energy efficient building operation. This paper
    presents the design of a model based predictive controller for a
    solar powered HVAC system. The advantages of the predictive
    control concept are emphasized on the basis of a comparison of
    the MPC control approach supplied with correct and incorrect
    weather forecast information.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Ferhatbegovic2012,
      author = {Tarik Ferhatbegovic and Peter Palensky and Giuliano Fontanella and Daniele Basciotti},
      title = {Modelling and design of a linear predictive controller for a solar powered HVAC system},
      booktitle = {21st IEEE International Symposium on Industrial Electronics - ISIE2012},
      year = {2012},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ISIE.2012.6237203}
    }
    					
    2012 Ferhatbegovic, T.; Zucker, G. & Palensky, P. An unscented Kalman filter approach for the plant-model mismatch reduction in HVAC system model based control Proceedings of the 38th IEEE Conference on Industrial Electronics IECON 2012 , pp. 2180 -2185   inproceedings
    Abstract: The building sector is rising rapidly which is not only the consequence of the world's increasing population but also due to higher requirements with regards to comfort. Buildings along with HVAC systems to run these buildings account for a large amount of the world's global energy consumption. Hence operating buildings as well as HVAC systems in an energy-efficient way plays the key role in reducing energy consumption and therefore making the contribution towards mitigation of the climate change. Studies about advanced control techniques for buildings and systems to run those have shown promising results with regards to lower energy consumption and the optimal use of renewable energy sources. In contrast to the conventional approaches (e.g.: PID, two-position controller, etc.) for building and HVAC control, model based concepts take advantage of the direct knowledge of the system behaviour using an image of the system. Model based control concepts facilitate the systematic approach towards the energy-efficient operation of building and HVAC systems. However, the quality of the model based controller strictly depends upon the quality of the model employed to describe the dynamic behaviour of the system being subject to control. The model-plant mismatch can negatively impact the energy-efficient control operation. This paper presents the design of an unscented Kalman filter (UKF) approach for the purpose of state and parameter estimation for solar thermal HVAC system control. This UKF concept incorporates the possibility of model update using measurements and therefore reduces model-plant mismatch which in turn improves the control quality and can be regarded an asset with respect to the energy-efficient control operation
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Ferhatbegovic2012a,
      author = {Ferhatbegovic, Tarik and Zucker, Gerhard and Palensky, Peter},
      title = {An unscented Kalman filter approach for the plant-model mismatch reduction in HVAC system model based control},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of the 38th IEEE Conference on Industrial Electronics IECON 2012},
      year = {2012},
      pages = {2180 -2185},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/IECON.2012.6388685}
    }
    					
    2011 Ferhatbegovic, T.; Zucker, G. & Palensky, P. Model Based Predictive Control for a Solar-Thermal System Proceedings of 10th IEEE AFRICON   inproceedings
    Abstract: Buildings and their components account for a major
    amount of the overall global energy consumption. There is a
    rising demand to increase the end-use energy efficiency. Advanced
    automation and control for buildings and their components is
    one possibility how to achieve the desired goal of lower energy
    consumption. The model based predictive control approach as a
    special form of optimal control offers a good way to increase
    energy efficiency. This paper presents the employment of a
    model based predictive control algorithm for the energy efficient
    temperature control of a solar-thermal system consisting of a
    solar collector and a heat exchanger. The design of the controller
    is based upon a physical lumped model of the system components.
    In order to illustrate the potential of the model predictive
    approach for the use in building automation the comparison
    to a standard PI control approach is made where the energy
    consumption for both control concepts is analyzed.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Ferhatbegovic2011,
      author = {Tarik Ferhatbegovic and Gerhard Zucker and Peter Palensky},
      title = {Model Based Predictive Control for a Solar-Thermal System},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of 10th IEEE AFRICON},
      year = {2011},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/AFRCON.2011.6071992}
    }
    					
    2004 Fischer, P. & Palensky, P. Luck, H.; Laws, P. & Willms, I. (Hrsg.) Safety and Security in Communication Standards for Building Automation and Control Systems Proceedings of 13th International Conference on Automatic Fire Detection AUBE '04 , pp. 112-120   inproceedings
    Abstract: This paper is about the aspects of safety and security in the current international and European communication standards for building automation and control systems (BACS).
    Safety and security, in this context, covers critical applications like intrusion detection, fire alarm or access control. In larger installations, BACS have gateways to autonomous safety- and security systems, some BACS manufacturers, however, have fire and intrusion functions even incorporated in their systems.
    The three standards BACnet (ISO16484-5), Building Network Protocol based on LonWorks® technology (prEN14908) and Konnex (EN50090) are the most installed communication systems in the European market. All of them are designed to provide the broad range of functions and services needed in homes and buildings. This goes from switching a lamp up to the administration, management and engineering of the entire automation network. Safety and security relevant functions can be realized by standard communication objects and services or by dedicated and specialized ones.
    The paper starts with an overview of the three main standard BACS technologies and shows their potential, strengths and their weaknesses regarding their use for safety and security-related functions. The second part investigates communication itself. Per definition, communication is always insecure depending on the environment, the communication medium, the sending and/or the receiving device and many other aspects. Therefore, there are some requirements for “secure” communication that hold for IP-based Internet and Intranets as well as for wide area networks based on circuit switching or line switching using cables or radio frequency as medium. The widely desired convergence – or at least functional transparency – of safety and security networks and other networks has to consider these requirements.
    The conclusion gives an outlook to future requirements and their solutions in the area of reliable and robust building automation networks.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Fischer2004,
      author = {Peter Fischer and Peter Palensky},
      title = {Safety and Security in Communication Standards for Building Automation and Control Systems},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of 13th International Conference on Automatic Fire Detection AUBE '04},
      publisher = {ZVD University of Duisburg},
      year = {2004},
      pages = {112-120}
    }
    					
    2004 Fischer, P. & Palensky, P. The importance of Being Certified - The role of conformance testing and certification of communication systems in building automation and control devices Proceedings of 2004 IEEE Africon, 7th Africon Conference in Africa, Technology Innovation, Volume 2 , pp. 1223-1227   inproceedings
    Abstract: This paper describes the importance of conformance testing and certification of communication systems in building automation and control devices, especially in Europe. Conformance testing in Europe involves a number of parties and is a serious issue. One of the most important aspects is to use devices with standardized communication systems and standardized building automation and control functions.
    A strict framework of the European regulation bodies defines the roles and duties of manufacturers and the respective test laboratories. Conformance testing of the communication of a building automation and control device is much more than a pure communication test.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Fischer2004a,
      author = {Peter Fischer and Peter Palensky},
      title = {The importance of Being Certified - The role of conformance testing and certification of communication systems in building automation and control devices},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of 2004 IEEE Africon, 7th Africon Conference in Africa, Technology Innovation, Volume 2},
      publisher = {IEEE},
      year = {2004},
      pages = {1223-1227},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/AFRICON.2004.1406886}
    }
    					
    1999 Gordeev, M. & Palensky, P. Using Smart Card Technology to secure data exchange for intelligent home-nets IARB99 Intelligent and Responsive Buildings Conference, Brugge, 29.03.1999 - 30.03.1999, in: "Proceedings of the International Conference on Intelligent and Responsive Buildings", (1999) , pp. 89-95   inproceedings
    Abstract: Large efforts are done today to bring intelligence and power of automation to our homes. Fieldbus technology offers a wide spectrum of possibilities in this area due to its power of distributed intelligence. However, despite a great number of advantages, this approach is still not able to solve one actual problem of today: secure data exchange. This problem arises because in reality we quite often have to deal with security-sensitive data that is exchanged via home or building nets. The security aspect becomes even more important in the case of Internet or WAN (Wide Area-Network) connection (or interconnection) of the home nets. We have decided to use sman cards to solve security problems existing in home automation systems based on fieldbus technology. Smart cards are well known and the most efficient tool to provide a high level of information security. In this paper we describe how to use security mechanisms of the sman card technology in order to protect a home net from inside and outside.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Gordeev1999,
      author = {Mikhail Gordeev and Peter Palensky},
      title = {Using Smart Card Technology to secure data exchange for intelligent home-nets},
      booktitle = {IARB99 Intelligent and Responsive Buildings Conference, Brugge, 29.03.1999 - 30.03.1999, in: "Proceedings of the International Conference on Intelligent and Responsive Buildings", (1999)},
      publisher = {Technologisch Instituut vzw},
      year = {1999},
      pages = {89-95}
    }
    					
    2011 Granadeiro, V.; Duarte, J.P. & Palensky, P. Building envelope shape design using a shape grammar based parametric design system integrating energy simulation Proceedings of 10th IEEE AFRICON   inproceedings
    Abstract: The envelope shape is considered the most salient
    design characteristic in a building and also impacts its energy
    performance. And although energy efficiency in design is gaining
    momentum, the value of architectural attributes should not be
    underestimated. Design rules of thumb are useful guidelines to
    achieve better energy performance but they do not substitute
    energy simulation results, particularly in more complex projects.
    However, in the early design stages, when the envelope shape is
    defined, energy information is normally inexistent, due to
    modeling for energy simulation being a time-consuming task,
    frequently overlooked at this phase, when the design is still
    uncertain regarding many parameters. This paper presents a
    methodology to assist design decisions regarding the building
    envelope shape taking into account its implications on the energy
    performance of the building. Basically, this methodology involves
    a design system, an editable (flexible) system to generate various
    envelope shape designs, with integrated energy simulation, to
    calculate the energy consumption values of each generated
    design. Design systems encoded into shape grammars are more
    adequate for the architecture field, given their ability to
    guarantee stylistic coherence, but they are hard to implement.
    This methodology converts a grammar into a parametric design
    system and is illustrated with its application to the grammar for
    Frank Lloyd Wright's prairie houses. Output examples of the
    application are also presented. Results show the validity of the
    proposed methodology and the addition of optimization
    techniques is identified as the obvious next step.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Granadeiro2011,
      author = {Vasco Granadeiro and Jose Pinto Duarte and Peter Palensky},
      title = {Building envelope shape design using a shape grammar based parametric design system integrating energy simulation},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of 10th IEEE AFRICON},
      year = {2011}
    }
    					
    2016 Gusain, D.; Rueda, J.L.; Boemer, J.C. & Palensky, P. Identification of Dynamic Equivalents of Active Distribution Networks through MVMO Proceedings of IFAC and CIGRE/CIRED Workshop on Control of Transmission and Distribution Smart Grids   inproceedings
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Gusain2016,
      author = {Digvijay Gusain and Jose L. Rueda and Jens C. Boemer and Peter Palensky},
      title = {Identification of Dynamic Equivalents of Active Distribution Networks through MVMO},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of IFAC and CIGRE/CIRED Workshop on Control of Transmission and Distribution Smart Grids},
      year = {2016}
    }
    					
    2006 Haas, O.; Ausburg, O. & Palensky, P. Communication with and within Distributed Energy Resources 4th International Conference on Industrial Informatics IEEE INDIN 2006   inproceedings
    Abstract: The increasing contribution of Dispersed and Renewable Energy Sources (DER) to the peak power balance of up to 60 % and the goals of the European Community for the year 2010 require innovative approaches in order to maintain the sustainability of the power supply. Sustainability in this context requires that DER significantly support system services like frequency control, power balance, voltage control or supply restoration after failures. For this, remote information exchange with the respective DER units will become necessary. Consequently, interoperable and scaleable communication solutions play a key role for sustainability in power systems with an increasing share of DER.
    The “Network for energy and communication” (NEaC) which was founded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research, is a consortium that elaborates requirements, specifications, systems, standards and related technologies forinter-networked DERs.
    A communication network with diverse physical communication media is considered for a typical medium/low voltage network with industrial, commercial, rural and household customers each with typical load profiles. A variety of DER units like wind power plants, fuel cells, photovoltaic plants or CHP units is considered. It is demonstrated how an optimized communication network, complying with technical and economical requirements, can be realized. NEaC strongly supports international standards and shows that IEC 61850 fulfils all related selection criteria for DER communication systems.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Haas2006,
      author = {Oliver Haas and Olaf Ausburg and Peter Palensky},
      title = {Communication with and within Distributed Energy Resources},
      booktitle = {4th International Conference on Industrial Informatics IEEE INDIN 2006},
      year = {2006},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/INDIN.2006.275825}
    }
    					
    2015 Heiss, M.; Oertl, A.; Sturm, M.; Palensky, P.; Vielguth, S. & Nadler, F. Platforms for industrial cyber-physical systems integration: contradicting requirements as drivers for innovation Modeling and Simulation of Cyber-Physical Energy Systems (MSCPES), 2015 Workshop on , pp. 1-8   inproceedings
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Heiss2015,
      author = {Heiss, M. and Oertl, A. and Sturm, M. and Palensky, P. and Vielguth, S. and Nadler, F.},
      title = {Platforms for industrial cyber-physical systems integration: contradicting requirements as drivers for innovation},
      booktitle = {Modeling and Simulation of Cyber-Physical Energy Systems (MSCPES), 2015 Workshop on},
      year = {2015},
      pages = {1-8},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MSCPES.2015.7115405}
    }
    					
    2010 Hettfleisch, C.; Dubisch, F.; Ledinger, S.; Zucker, G. & Palensky, P. Energieeinsparpotentiale eines Passivhauses unter Beruecksichtigung von Wetterprognosen Bauphysik
    Vol. 32 (6)  
    article
    Abstract: Potential for saving energy in a Passivhaus building, taking into account weather forecasts. Innovative controls in buildings can lead to remarkable energy savings. The main focus of this paper is on buildings that are highly thermally insulated from their environment: the model is based on an existing building that was built to Passivhaus standard, and then validated with monitoring data and simulated. By adding actual, measured weather data in the simulations (which were done in the TRNSYS simulation environment) potential energy savings are identified and evaluated. In
    this analysis, which covers a full year (2009/2010), we concentrate on energy savings in the building’s heating and cooling systems.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Hettfleisch2010,
      author = {Christian Hettfleisch and Florian Dubisch and Stefan Ledinger and Gerhard Zucker and Peter Palensky},
      title = {Energieeinsparpotentiale eines Passivhauses unter Beruecksichtigung von Wetterprognosen},
      journal = {Bauphysik},
      publisher = {Enrst and Sohn / Wiley, Berlin},
      year = {2010},
      volume = {32},
      number = {6}
    }
    					
    2015 Imanishi, T.; Tennekoon, R.; Palensky, P. & Nishi, H. Enhanced building thermal model by using CO2 based occupancy data Proceedings of IEEE IECON 2015   inproceedings
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Imanishi2015,
      author = {Tomoya Imanishi and Rajitha Tennekoon and Peter Palensky and Hiroaki Nishi},
      title = {Enhanced building thermal model by using CO2 based occupancy data},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of IEEE IECON 2015},
      year = {2015},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/IECON.2015.7392578}
    }
    					
    2017 Jong, M.D.; Papaefthymiou, G. & Palensky, P. A framework for incorporation of infeed uncertainty in power system risk-based security assessment IEEE Transactions on Power Systems
    Vol. PP (99) , pp. 1-1  
    article
    BibTeX:
    @article{Jong2017,
      author = {M. De Jong and G. Papaefthymiou and P. Palensky},
      title = {A framework for incorporation of infeed uncertainty in power system risk-based security assessment},
      journal = {IEEE Transactions on Power Systems},
      year = {2017},
      volume = {PP},
      number = {99},
      pages = {1-1},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TPWRS.2017.2687983}
    }
    					
    2004 Kastner, W.; Palensky, P.; Rauscher, T. & Roesener, C. A Closer Look on Today's Home and Building Networks Proceedings of 2004 IEEE Africon, 7th Africon Conference in Africa, Technology Innovation, Volume 2 , pp. 1239-1245   inproceedings
    Abstract: This article discusses popular control networks in the area of home and building automation (LonWorks, EIB, BACnet). The comparison includes technical aspects (platforms, security, network management, etc.) and general conditions for development (tools, starter kits, costs, licence policies, etc.). Finally, we identify possible drawbacks and “white spots” on the way to totally integrated and networked buildings.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Kastner2004,
      author = {Wolfgang Kastner and Peter Palensky and Thomas Rauscher and Charlotte Roesener},
      title = {A Closer Look on Today's Home and Building Networks},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of 2004 IEEE Africon, 7th Africon Conference in Africa, Technology Innovation, Volume 2},
      publisher = {IEEE},
      year = {2004},
      pages = {1239-1245},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/AFRICON.2004.1406889}
    }
    					
    2016 Kazmi, J.H.; Latif, A.; Ahmad, I.; Palensky, P. & Gawlik, W. A flexible smart grid co-simulation environment for cyber-physical interdependence analysis 2016 Workshop on Modeling and Simulation of Cyber-Physical Energy Systems (MSCPES) , pp. 1-6   inproceedings
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Kazmi2016,
      author = {J. H. Kazmi and A. Latif and I. Ahmad and P. Palensky and W. Gawlik},
      title = {A flexible smart grid co-simulation environment for cyber-physical interdependence analysis},
      booktitle = {2016 Workshop on Modeling and Simulation of Cyber-Physical Energy Systems (MSCPES)},
      year = {2016},
      pages = {1-6},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MSCPES.2016.7480226}
    }
    					
    2014 Khan, S.; Bosetti, H.; Palensky, P. & Gawlik, W. A Replicator Dynamics method for the Unit Commitment problem Modeling and Simulation of Cyber-Physical Energy Systems (MSCPES), 2014 Workshop on , pp. 1-4   inproceedings
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Khan2014,
      author = {Khan, S. and Bosetti, H. and Palensky, P. and Gawlik, W.},
      title = {A Replicator Dynamics method for the Unit Commitment problem},
      booktitle = {Modeling and Simulation of Cyber-Physical Energy Systems (MSCPES), 2014 Workshop on},
      year = {2014},
      pages = {1-4},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MSCPES.2014.6842402}
    }
    					
    2016 Khan, S.; Gawlik, W. & Palensky, P. Reserve Capability Assessment Considering Correlated Uncertainty in Microgrid IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy
    Vol. 7 (2) , pp. 637-646  
    article
    BibTeX:
    @article{Khan2016,
      author = {S. Khan and W. Gawlik and P. Palensky},
      title = {Reserve Capability Assessment Considering Correlated Uncertainty in Microgrid},
      journal = {IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy},
      year = {2016},
      volume = {7},
      number = {2},
      pages = {637-646},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TSTE.2015.2498143}
    }
    					
    2016 Khan, S.; Shahzad, M.; Habib, U.; Gawlik, W. & Palensky, P. Stochastic battery model for aggregation of thermostatically controlled loads 2016 IEEE International Conference on Industrial Technology (ICIT) , pp. 570-575   inproceedings
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Khan2016a,
      author = {S. Khan and M. Shahzad and U. Habib and W. Gawlik and P. Palensky},
      title = {Stochastic battery model for aggregation of thermostatically controlled loads},
      booktitle = {2016 IEEE International Conference on Industrial Technology (ICIT)},
      year = {2016},
      pages = {570-575},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ICIT.2016.7474812}
    }
    					
    2013 Khan, S.; Shahzad, M.; Palensky, P. & Jahangir, K. Dynamics of Wind-Turbine Driven Self-Excited Induction Generator with Online Parameter Calculation Proceedings of the 39th IEEE Conference on Industrial Electronics IECON 2013   inproceedings
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Khan2013,
      author = {Sohail Khan and Mohsin Shahzad and Peter Palensky and Khurram Jahangir},
      title = {Dynamics of Wind-Turbine Driven Self-Excited Induction Generator with Online Parameter Calculation},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of the 39th IEEE Conference on Industrial Electronics IECON 2013},
      year = {2013},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/IECON.2013.6699992}
    }
    					
    2008 Koch, E.; Palensky, P.; Piette, M.A.; Kiliccote, S. & Ghatikar, G. Architecture for Supporting the Automation of Demand Response Presentation at 1st IEEE Industrial Electronics Society Industry Forum  misc
    BibTeX:
    @misc{Koch2008,
      author = {Ed Koch and Peter Palensky and Mary Ann Piette and Sila Kiliccote and Girish Ghatikar},
      title = {Architecture for Supporting the Automation of Demand Response},
      year = {2008}
    }
    					
    2011 Kupzog, F. & Palensky, P. Wilamowski, B. & Irwin, D. (Hrsg.) Smart Energy Distribution ( The Industrial Electronics Handbook - Power Electronics and Motor Drives ) The Industrial Electronics Handbook - Power Electronics and Motor Drives (9781439802854) B. Wilamowski (Ed.): The Power Electronics and Motor Drives Handbook   inbook
    Abstract: Energy distribution has mainly been a domain of power electronics, but not of industrial communication systems in the past. However, in the light of climate change and strong efforts to reduce CO2 emissions, the concept of “smart” energy distribution and “smart power grids” has emerged. Such smart grids are defined through the combination of power and information as well as communication technology, whereas the latter allow smart control algorithms to be applied. This chapter will describe the motivations, drivers, developments and implications of smart grids.
    BibTeX:
    @inbook{Kupzog2011,
      author = {Friederich Kupzog and Peter Palensky},
      title = {The Industrial Electronics Handbook - Power Electronics and Motor Drives},
      booktitle = {B. Wilamowski (Ed.): The Power Electronics and Motor Drives Handbook},
      publisher = {CRC Press},
      year = {2011},
      number = {9781439802854}
    }
    					
    2007 Kupzog, F. & Palensky, P. Wide-area control systems for balance-energy provision by energy consumers Proceedings of IFAC FET 2007, Toulouse, France , pp. 337-345   inproceedings
    Abstract: The modern electricity system, changing from the traditional hierarchical to a more and more peer-to-peer oriented structure, needs modern IT and control solutions. While up to now consumers were considered passive players, the grid of the not-so-far future sees them as active grid partners. As a new generation of automated demand response, consumers can react on real-time prices, on grid parameters like frequency or on transport schedules. The critical part of this topic is to find easy, consistent and robust models of the involved processes and the respective control infrastructure. This paper describes a distributed control system that reacts on frequency changes and models consumers as a community of energy storages.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Kupzog2007,
      author = {Friederich Kupzog and Peter Palensky},
      title = {Wide-area control systems for balance-energy provision by energy consumers},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of IFAC FET 2007, Toulouse, France},
      year = {2007},
      pages = {337-345}
    }
    					
    2007 Kupzog, F.; Roesener, C. & Palensky, P. Konzepte zur koordinierten Nutzung verteilter Energiespeicher (1424408261) Proceedings of IEWT 2007, Vienna, Austria , pp. 219-230   inproceedings
    Abstract: Der Ersatz von konventioneller Kraftwerkskapazitaet durch einen zunehmenden Anteil an Erzeugung aus erneuerbaren Rohstoffen fuehrt aufgrund der fuer verteilte Erzeuger typischen Volatilitaet mittelfristig zu einem Mangel an Flexibilitaet auf der Erzeugerseite. Dieser Beitrag stellt einen neuen Ansatz zur Nutzung bisher brachliegender verteilter Speicherkapazitaeten auf der Verbraucherseite des elektrischen Netzes vor, welcher eingesetzt werden kann, um verbraucherseitig auf kurzfristige prekaere Versorgungssituationen zu reagieren, ohne dass dabei die Versorgungsqualitaet beeintraechtigt wird. Mithilfe der hier vorgestellten Konzepte gelingt es, eine Vielzahl von einzelnen Demand-Side-Management-Massnahmen so zu koordinieren, dass sie sich wie ein einzelner grosser Energiespeicher verhalten. Es wird gezeigt, welche Arten von (virtuellen und realen) verteilten Speichern nutzbar sind und wie sich diese einheitlich modellieren lassen. Diese einheitliche Modellierung kann als Bewertungskriterium fuer das Einzelpotential eines Speichers herangezogen werden und dient als Grundlage fuer die in diesem Beitrag dargestellte mathematisch optimale Einsatzplanung von verteilten Speichern.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Kupzog2007a,
      author = {Friederich Kupzog and Charlotte Roesener and Peter Palensky},
      title = {Konzepte zur koordinierten Nutzung verteilter Energiespeicher},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of IEWT 2007, Vienna, Austria},
      year = {2007},
      number = {1424408261},
      pages = {219-230}
    }
    					
    2003 Landaburu, Y.P.; Palensky, P. & Lobashov, M. Requirements and Prospects for Consumers of Electrical Energy regarding Demand Side Management IEWT 2003, Wien, 12.02.2003 - 14.02.2003, in: Die Zukunft der Energiewirtschaft im liberalisierten Markt - Kurzfassungsband, (2003) , pp. 101-102   inproceedings
    Abstract: Demand Side Management (DSM) and energy management in general usually tries to take influence onto the energy consumption of a number of energy consumers. Typically, these consumers (devices, machines, buildings, etc.) are interconnected with some network and equipped
    with the respective hardware to influence their consumption behavior. Depending on the details of the energy tariff and contract, the consumption of these DSM-members is then smoothened or forced into some certain schedule. Modern building automation interconnects virtually all electric
    devices like the heating system, air conditioning, lighting, ventilation and so forth so that modern buildings offer a number of networked devices that can take part in a DSM system. But still there is the need to connect previously non-networked appliances to such a DSM system. These consumers have to fulfill a number of attributes in order to take part in this „DSM-ification”. This paper describes the different aspects of this problem and provides the corresponding solutions.
    One crucial point in the architecture of the DSM system is, whether it is centralized or decentralized. This touches the algorithm design as well as the location of “knowledge” about the problem. See [1] for a discussion on distributed and non-distributed algorithms. In this work, however, this question is of no relevance. We suppose some algorithm that can optimize a number of consumers that provide a set of information, not depending if it is centralized or distributed.
    The starting point of this discussion is a number of electrical consumers that are supposed to be equipped with the necessary computing power and networking capabilities in order to supply some algorithm with information and to receive resulting commands that influence their (future)
    behavior. After discussing the different ways of DSM-ification some practical examples are given. The paper ends with a conclusion and an outlook on future research.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Landaburu2003,
      author = {Yoseba Penya Landaburu and Peter Palensky and Maxim Lobashov},
      title = {Requirements and Prospects for Consumers of Electrical Energy regarding Demand Side Management},
      booktitle = {IEWT 2003, Wien, 12.02.2003 - 14.02.2003, in: Die Zukunft der Energiewirtschaft im liberalisierten Markt - Kurzfassungsband, (2003)},
      year = {2003},
      pages = {101-102}
    }
    					
    2016 Latif, A.; Ahmad, I.; Gawlik, W. & Palensky, P. Multi-Objective Reactive Power Dispatch in Distribution Networks using Modified Bat Algorithm Proceedings of IEEE Green Energy and Systems Conference (IGESC 2016)   inproceedings
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Latif2016b,
      author = {Aadil Latif and Ishtiaq Ahmad and Wolfgang Gawlik and Peter Palensky},
      title = {Multi-Objective Reactive Power Dispatch in Distribution Networks using Modified Bat Algorithm},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of IEEE Green Energy and Systems Conference (IGESC 2016)},
      year = {2016}
    }
    					
    2016 Latif, A.; Gawlik, W. & Palensky, P. Quantification and Mitigation of Unfairness in Active Power Curtailment of Rooftop Photovoltaic Systems Using Sensitivity Based Coordinated Control Energies
    Vol. 9 (6) , pp. 436  
    article
    Abstract: With increasing photovoltaic (PV) penetration in low voltage networks (LVNs), voltage regulation is a challenge. Active power curtailment (APC) is one possible solution for mitigating over voltages resulting from active power injection in LVNs. There is an inherent unfairness in the APC scheme. When generation is high and consumption is low, the voltages at the end of the feeder tend to be the highest. This results in high curtailment of active power output of the inverters located at the end of the feeder and low or even no curtailment for the inverts located closer to the transformer. A secondary voltage controller has been implemented to mitigate this unfairness in APC based voltage support schemes. The focus of this work is to quantify this unfairness and develop methods that enable residential PV owners serviced by the same feeder to participate equally in voltage regulation in the LVN.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Latif2016a,
      author = {Latif, Aadil and Gawlik, Wolfgang and Palensky, Peter},
      title = {Quantification and Mitigation of Unfairness in Active Power Curtailment of Rooftop Photovoltaic Systems Using Sensitivity Based Coordinated Control},
      journal = {Energies},
      year = {2016},
      volume = {9},
      number = {6},
      pages = {436},
      url = {http://www.mdpi.com/1996-1073/9/6/436},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/en9060436}
    }
    					
    2016 Latif, A.; Khan, S.; Palensky, P. & Gawlik, W. Co-simulation based platform for thermostatically controlled loads as a frequency reserve 2016 Workshop on Modeling and Simulation of Cyber-Physical Energy Systems (MSCPES) , pp. 1-6   inproceedings
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Latif2016,
      author = {A. Latif and S. Khan and P. Palensky and W. Gawlik},
      title = {Co-simulation based platform for thermostatically controlled loads as a frequency reserve},
      booktitle = {2016 Workshop on Modeling and Simulation of Cyber-Physical Energy Systems (MSCPES)},
      year = {2016},
      pages = {1-6},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MSCPES.2016.7480224}
    }
    					
    2014 Latif, A. & Palensky, P. Economic Dispatch Using Modified Bat Algorithm Algorithms
    Vol. 7 (3) , pp. 328-338  
    article
    BibTeX:
    @article{Latif2014,
      author = {Latif, Aadil and Palensky, Peter},
      title = {Economic Dispatch Using Modified Bat Algorithm},
      journal = {Algorithms},
      year = {2014},
      volume = {7},
      number = {3},
      pages = {328--338},
      url = {http://www.mdpi.com/1999-4893/7/3/328},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/a7030328}
    }
    					
    2017 Latif, A.; Palensky, P. & Gawlik, W. Zone based Optimal Reactive Power Dispatch in Smart Distribution Network using Distributed Generation Proceedings of the 5th Workshop on Modeling and Simulation of Cyber-Physical Energy Systems (MSCPES)   inproceedings
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Latif2017,
      author = {Aadil Latif and Peter Palensky and Wolfgang Gawlik},
      title = {Zone based Optimal Reactive Power Dispatch in Smart Distribution Network using Distributed Generation},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of the 5th Workshop on Modeling and Simulation of Cyber-Physical Energy Systems (MSCPES)},
      year = {2017}
    }
    					
    2015 Latif, A.; Shahzad, M.; Palensky, P. & Gawlik, W. IEEE An alternate PowerFactory Matlab coupling approach Smart Electric Distribution Systems and Technologies (EDST), 2015 International Symposium on , pp. 486-491   inproceedings
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Latif2015,
      author = {Latif, Aadil and Shahzad, Mohsin and Palensky, Peter and Gawlik, Wolfgang},
      title = {An alternate PowerFactory Matlab coupling approach},
      booktitle = {Smart Electric Distribution Systems and Technologies (EDST), 2015 International Symposium on},
      year = {2015},
      pages = {486--491},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/SEDST.2015.7315257}
    }
    					
    2013 Leal, S.; Dubisch, F.; Stift, F.; Zucker, G. & Palensky, P. Semi-automated deployment of Simulation-aided Building Controls Proceedings of the 39th IEEE Conference on Industrial Electronics IECON 2013   inproceedings
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Leal2013,
      author = {Sergio Leal and Florian Dubisch and Florian Stift and Gerhard Zucker and Peter Palensky},
      title = {Semi-automated deployment of Simulation-aided Building Controls},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of the 39th IEEE Conference on Industrial Electronics IECON 2013},
      year = {2013},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/IECON.2013.6700076}
    }
    					
    2011 Liserre, M.; Balcells, J.; Basso, T.; Bialasiewicz, J.T.; Cecati, C.; Chakraborty, S.; Guerrero, J.M.; Kazerani, M.; Kupzog, F.; Nasiri, A.; Palensky, P.; Rodriguez, J.; Rodrí andguez, P.; Sauter, T. & Teodorescu, R. Guest Editorial Renewable Energy Systems IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics
    Vol. 58 (1) , pp. 2 -8  
    article
    Abstract: Renewable energy systems have received renewed
    interest due to the rising price of conventional energies
    and environmental concerns. Several aspects must be addressed
    in order to improve the energy harvest in terms of new power
    topologies, new control strategies, and maximum power point
    tracking (MPPT). On the other hand, the connection of these
    systems to the grid presents a completely new research area
    where synchronization with distorted grid, detection of islanding,
    and the creation of microgrid and smart grid are key
    concepts.
    It is our pleasure to present this "Special Section on Renewable
    Energy Systems - Part 1." The papers of the first part of
    this Special Section are classified by energy sources (wind,
    photovoltaic (PV), hydro, etc), grid-related issues (islanding,
    synchronization, microgrid and smart grid), and converters for
    renewable-energy sources
    BibTeX:
    @article{Liserre2011,
      author = {Liserre, M. and Balcells, J. and Basso, T. and Bialasiewicz, J. T. and Cecati, C. and Chakraborty, S. and Guerrero, J. M. and Kazerani, M. and Kupzog, F. and Nasiri, A. and Palensky, P. and Rodriguez, J. and Rodrí andguez, P. and Sauter, T. and Teodorescu, R.},
      title = {Guest Editorial Renewable Energy Systems},
      journal = {IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics},
      year = {2011},
      volume = {58},
      number = {1},
      pages = {2 -8},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TIE.2010.2085210}
    }
    					
    2006 Lobashov, M.; Bratukhin, A.; Sauter, T.; Palensky, P. & Dietrich, D. Vertical integration in distributed automation environment e&i (Elektrotechnik & Informationstechnik) , pp. 166-171   article
    Abstract: Over past decades industrial IT evolved separately in the field automation and office automation domains. Nowadays increasing complexity of manufacturing requires more advanced control, which can be achieved only by integrating these, formerly separated, areas. This article focuses on two aspects of such integration: communication-related, interconnecting networks of different kinds, and functional, establishing a link between business and manufacturing processes.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Lobashov2006,
      author = {Maksim Lobashov and Alexey Bratukhin and Thilo Sauter and Peter Palensky and Dietmar Dietrich},
      title = {Vertical integration in distributed automation environment},
      journal = {e&i (Elektrotechnik & Informationstechnik)},
      publisher = {Springer},
      year = {2006},
      pages = {166-171}
    }
    					
    2001 Lobashov, M. & Palensky, P. Bringing Energy-related Services to Reality IEWT Internationale Energiewirtschaftstagung TU Wien, Wien, 21.-23.02.2001 , pp. 97-97   inproceedings
    Abstract: The rapid introduction of distributed control systems into different areas of automation throughout the last years had a significant impact on the energy management technology. While the complexity of tasks increases, decentralized solutions become more and more preferred over centralized ones. The most widespread class of decentralized systems is known as Fieldbuses or Field Area Networks (FAN). Due to a number of advantages, such as low development costs, easy maintenance, high reliability and greater flexibility, FANs are employednowadays in a large variety of control applications.
    With rapid development of Internet, a task of secure and flexible FAN/WAN internetworking emerges. Recently FAN vendors started to provide solutions for such interconnection; however, most of these solutions are FAN type-specific and utilize proprietary communication protocols at the Internet side.
    In order to overcome these limitations and to implement a universal Internet to control network connectivity solution, a special communication system was developed in the Institute of Computer Technology (ICT), TU Vienna, during the IGUANA project. The system provides translation of services offered by a control network (data access, historical data storage, alarm mechanisms, etc.) into a framework of standard Internet-side protocols. Its design allows for various applications, with the major accent made on energy management systems.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Lobashov2001,
      author = {Maxim Lobashov and Peter Palensky},
      title = {Bringing Energy-related Services to Reality},
      booktitle = {IEWT Internationale Energiewirtschaftstagung TU Wien, Wien, 21.-23.02.2001},
      year = {2001},
      pages = {97-97},
      note = {780386051}
    }
    					
    2015 Loibl, W.; Bach, B.; Zucker, G.; Agugiaro, G.; Palensky, P.; Schmidt, R.-R.; Basciotti, D. & Brunner, H. Vesco, A. & Ferrero, F. (Hrsg.) ICT-Based Solutions Supporting Energy Systems for Smart Cities ( Handbook of Research on Social, Economic, and Environmental Sustainability in the Development of Smart Cities ) Handbook of Research on Social, Economic, and Environmental Sustainability in the Development of Smart Cities , pp. 137-165   inbook
    BibTeX:
    @inbook{Loibl2015a,
      author = {Wolfgang Loibl and Brigitte Bach and Gerhard Zucker and Giorgio Agugiaro and Peter Palensky and Ralf-Roman Schmidt and Daniele Basciotti and Helfried Brunner},
      title = {Handbook of Research on Social, Economic, and Environmental Sustainability in the Development of Smart Cities},
      publisher = {IGI Global},
      year = {2015},
      pages = {137-165}
    }
    					
    2005 Lorenz, B.; Roesener, C. & Palensky, P. Projekt IRON - Integral Resource Optimization Network Study Proceedings of 4. Internationale Energiewirtschaftstagung an der TU Wien (IEWT 2005), Vienna, 02-16-2005 - 02-18-2005 , pp. 144-145   inproceedings
    Abstract: Traditionellerweise wird elektrische Energie von einer überschaubaren Anzahl erzeugender Stellen produziert, die in Folge über ein Verteilnetz eine mitunter sehr große Zahl an Verbrauchern versorgen. Die zugehörigen Informationsflüsse sind auf das Notwendigste beschränkt. Datenerfassung im Kundenbereich bedeutet jährlich abgelesene Zählerwerte, im besten Fall mittels Lastspitzen- bzw. Lastgangszählern. Bidirektionale Kommunikation findet kaum statt.
    Diese Infrastruktur mag für die Abrechnung bisheriger Tarifmodelle ausreichend sein, stößt aber an ihre Grenzen, sobald dezentrale Einspeisung, globales Energiemanagement oder On-Line-Tarife am Elektrizitätsmarkt eingesetzt werden sollen. Um brachliegende Optimierungspotenziale urbar zu machen, ist es notwendig, eine große Zahl an Energieverbrauchern, -erzeugern und -speichern informationstechnisch zu erschließen. Erst seit kurzem sind die notwendigen Produkte und Technologien zu vertretbaren Preisen am Markt verfügbar und die notwendigen Standards geschaffen, um eine solche Infrastruktur zu entwickeln. Ziel des Projekts ist es, ein Konzept für eine hochgradig verteilte technische Infrastruktur zur Ausschöpfung bisher ungenutzter Optimierungspotenziale im Bereich der Ressource „elektrische
    Energie“ zu entwickeln. Das neue Optimierungsnetzwerk soll insbesondere folgende Gruppen von Teilnehmern am Energienetz kommunikationstechnisch erschließen:
    · Intelligente Verbraucher. Maschinen und Geräte können zum Teil prognostizieren, welchen Energieverbrauch sie in der näheren Zukunft verursachen werden. Dies eröffnet gezielte Beeinflussungsmöglichkeiten zu Optimierungszwecken. Maschinen mit deterministischer Programmsteuerung (vgl. „Waschmaschine“) sind in der Lage, besonders exakte Verbrauchsprognosen abzugeben, andere müssen auf Statistik zurückgreifen.
    · „Virtuelle Energiespeicher“. Es gibt Verbraucher, die, basierend auf trägen oder unterbrechbaren Prozessen (Wärme, Massebewegungen, Logistik etc.), in der Lage sind, Energie für eine gewisse Zeit vorzuhalten. Beispiele dafür sind unter anderem Kühlgeräte, Klimaanlagen und Heizanlagen.
    · Dezentrale Einspeiser. Die Einspeisung von Windkraftwerken, Brennstoffzellen, Mikroturbinen, Photovoltaik und anderen „kleinen“, verteilten Quellen wird in Zukunft weiter zunehmen. Die stochastische Natur solcher Systeme führt jedoch verstärkt zu Problemen im Netzbetrieb.
    Diese Teilnehmer sind zurzeit von den informationstechnischen Disziplinen der Energieversorgung (Kraftwerksführung, Leit- und Schutztechnik, etc.) ausgeschlossen. Verbraucherseitige Mechanismen (z. B. Maximumwächter) oder Regelungen von dezentralen Einspeisern sind momentan nicht in globale Strategien eingebunden. Ein übergeordnetes Energiemanagement, das alle sinnvoll nutzbaren Energieressourcen, sowohl zentraler als auch dezentraler Natur, sowie alle Speichereinheiten und beeinflussbaren Lasten in aufeinander abgestimmter Weise einbezieht, ermöglicht es, den Gesamtwirkungsgrad der Energieversorgung zu verbessern.
    Die Basis für ein solches Managementsystem soll im Projekt „IRON Study“, einer Grundlagenstudie für das geplante „Integral Resource Optimization Network“, entwickelt werden. Mitarbeiter des Instituts für Computertechnik der Technischen Universität Wien arbeiten hierbei mit Mitgliedern des Instituts für Energiewirtschaft der Technischen Universität Wien zusammen.
    Das Projekt wird im Rahmen der Programmlinie „Energiesysteme der Zukunft“ – einer Initiative des Bundesministeriums für Verkehr, Innovation und Technologie (BMVIT) – durchgeführt und gliedert sich in zwei Phasen. In einer ersten Projektphase werden die vom geplanten „globalen“ System zu erfüllenden Anforderungen erhoben – vom Stromerzeuger bis hin zum Kunden gibt es hier unterschiedliche Vorstellungen und Erwartungen. Anhand der Ergebnisse der Anforderungsanalyse soll in einer weiteren Projektphase ein, in wirtschaftlicher wie technischer Hinsicht, fundiertes Konzept entwickelt werden, das als Grundlage für ein Demonstrationsprojekt gedacht ist. Dieser Artikel präsentiert ganz allgemein die potenziellen Vorteile und Einsatzmöglichkeiten des angestrebten Systems, sowie die ersten Ergebnisse der Anforderungsanalyse.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Lorenz2005,
      author = {Brigitte Lorenz and Charlotte Roesener and Peter Palensky},
      title = {Projekt IRON - Integral Resource Optimization Network Study},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of 4. Internationale Energiewirtschaftstagung an der TU Wien (IEWT 2005), Vienna, 02-16-2005 - 02-18-2005},
      year = {2005},
      pages = {144-145}
    }
    					
    2003 Mahlknecht, S. & Palensky, P. Wireless Demand Side Management in Home and Building Automation Proceedings of Domestic Use of Energy Conference, Cape Town, South Africa, 01.04.2003 - 03.04.2003 , pp. 243-248   inproceedings
    Abstract: Demand side management (DSM) of electrical energy is tending to become more and more important in energy markets that are either deregulated or fast growing. Both face the challenge of being forced to perform much more efficient in the near future: Increasing demands have to be satisfied while the respective production and distribution resources are stressed to their limits to save costs. In this paper we propose a local DSM system that is based on the wireless technology of Bluetooth. It aims to achieve a more cost effective solution than wired technologies in order to be used even in private homes. The focus of this paper is on the technical possibilities and limits of wireless DSM.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Mahlknecht2003,
      author = {Stefan Mahlknecht and Peter Palensky},
      title = {Wireless Demand Side Management in Home and Building Automation},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of Domestic Use of Energy Conference, Cape Town, South Africa, 01.04.2003 - 03.04.2003},
      year = {2003},
      pages = {243-248}
    }
    					
    2003 Mahlknecht, S. & Palensky, P. Linking Control Networks and Wireless Personal Area Networks Proceedings of 9th IEEE International Conference on Emerging Technologies and Factory Automation (ETFA2003), Lisbon, Portugal, 16.-19.9.2003   inproceedings
    Abstract: Automation networks tend to become smarter and more consumer-oriented. New technologies, initially not intended for automation purposes, offer new possibilities and increased functionality for control and monitoring applications. This paper gives an overview of how intercommunication between to entirely different networks such as fieldbus systems, used for automation networks and wireless personal area networks (WPANs), embedded in modern consumer electronic devices for small and wireless ad-hoc networks can lead to new services. The major challenge is the integration of WPANs into existing and proven automation applications. This introductory paper emphasizes on inter-communication, services at the application layer level and on how to leverage from the different features of these networks to extend the functionality and allow new services. The approach presented here is universal and can be applied to any automation system. In section V we present some results of the implementation of selected services.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Mahlknecht2003a,
      author = {Stefan Mahlknecht and Peter Palensky},
      title = {Linking Control Networks and Wireless Personal Area Networks},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of 9th IEEE International Conference on Emerging Technologies and Factory Automation (ETFA2003), Lisbon, Portugal, 16.-19.9.2003},
      year = {2003},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ETFA.2003.1247684}
    }
    					
    2017 van der Meer, A.A.; Palensky, P.; Heussen, K.; Bondy, D.E.M.; Gehrke, O.; Steinbrink, C.; Blank, M.; Lehnhoff, S.; Widl, E.; Moyo, C.; Strasser, T.I.; Nguyen, V.H.; Akroud, N.; Syed, M.H.; Emhemed, A.; Rohjans, S.; Brandl, R. & Khavari, A.M. Cyber-Physical Energy Systems Modeling, Test Specification, and Co-Simulation Based Testing Proceedings of the 5th Workshop on Modeling and Simulation of Cyber-Physical Energy Systems (MSCPES)   inproceedings
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Meer2017,
      author = {A. A. van der Meer and P. Palensky and K. Heussen and D. E. Morales Bondy and O. Gehrke and C. Steinbrink and M. Blank and S. Lehnhoff and E. Widl and C. Moyo and T. I. Strasser and V. H. Nguyen and N. Akroud and M. H. Syed and A. Emhemed and S. Rohjans and R. Brandl and A. M. Khavari},
      title = {Cyber-Physical Energy Systems Modeling, Test Specification, and Co-Simulation Based Testing},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of the 5th Workshop on Modeling and Simulation of Cyber-Physical Energy Systems (MSCPES)},
      year = {2017}
    }
    					
    2016 Mueller, S.C.; Deng, Y.; Palensky, P.; Stifter, M.; Dufour, C.; Wang, X.; Dinavahi, V.; Davoudi, A.; Faruque, M.O.; Monti, A.; Ni, M. & Mehrizi-Sani, A. Interfacing Power System and ICT Simulators: Challenges, State-of-the-Art, and Case Studies IEEE Transactions on Smart Grids   article
    BibTeX:
    @article{Mueller2016,
      author = {S. C. Mueller and Y. Deng and P. Palensky and M. Stifter and C. Dufour and X. Wang and V. Dinavahi and A. Davoudi and M. O. Faruque and A. Monti and M. Ni and A. Mehrizi-Sani},
      title = {Interfacing Power System and ICT Simulators: Challenges, State-of-the-Art, and Case Studies},
      journal = {IEEE Transactions on Smart Grids},
      year = {2016},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TSG.2016.2542824}
    }
    					
    2007 Novak, T.; Treytl, A. & Palensky, P. Common Approach to Functional Safety and System Security in Building Automation and Control Systems Proceedings of 12th IEEE Conference on Emerging Technologies and Factory Automation (ETFA 2007), Patras, Greece, 09-25-2007 - 09-28-2007   inproceedings
    Abstract: Building automation and control systems (BACS) are an important part of modern automated buildings. More and more they are also responsible for functions affecting people’s safety, security and health. Thus the respective technology is supposed to work reliably, securely, safely and efficiently. The two important features of such a BACS are functional safety and system security (short safety and security) of both the network nodes and the communication protocols. Up to now little effort has been made to specify a life cycle for a safe and secure BACS that defines requirements for the different stages of the product life of a BACS. Special focus is related to the commonalities between the development of safety and security systems to benefit from commonalities in development.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Novak2007,
      author = {Thomas Novak and Albert Treytl and Peter Palensky},
      title = {Common Approach to Functional Safety and System Security in Building Automation and Control Systems},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of 12th IEEE Conference on Emerging Technologies and Factory Automation (ETFA 2007), Patras, Greece, 09-25-2007 - 09-28-2007},
      year = {2007},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/EFTA.2007.4416910}
    }
    					
    2014 Ouhajjou, N.; Loibl, W.; Palensky, P.; Anjomshoaa, A.; Fenz, S. & Tjoa, A. Robustness against data availability problems in urban energy planning support software Research Challenges in Information Science (RCIS), 2014 IEEE Eighth International Conference on , pp. 1-2   inproceedings
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Ouhajjou2014,
      author = {Ouhajjou, N. and Loibl, W. and Palensky, P. and Anjomshoaa, A. and Fenz, S. and Tjoa, A.M.},
      title = {Robustness against data availability problems in urban energy planning support software},
      booktitle = {Research Challenges in Information Science (RCIS), 2014 IEEE Eighth International Conference on},
      year = {2014},
      pages = {1-2},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/RCIS.2014.6861089}
    }
    					
    2013 Ouhajjou, N.; Palensky, P.; Stifter, M.; Page, J.; Fenz, S. & Tjoa, A.M. A modular methodology for the development of urban energy planning support software Proceedings of the 39th IEEE Conference on Industrial Electronics IECON 2013   inproceedings
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Ouhajjou2013,
      author = {Najd Ouhajjou and Peter Palensky and Matthias Stifter and Jessen Page and Stefan Fenz and A Min Tjoa},
      title = {A modular methodology for the development of urban energy planning support software},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of the 39th IEEE Conference on Industrial Electronics IECON 2013},
      year = {2013},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/IECON.2013.6700392}
    }
    					
    1999 Palensky, P. Dietrich, D.; Loy, D. & Schweinzer, H.-J. (Hrsg.) Interoperabilitaet ( Lon-Technologie ) Lon-Technologie Dietrich, Loy, Schweinzer (Hrsg.): LON-Technologie , pp. 263-279   inbook
    Abstract: Offene Standards werden entwickelt, um Geräte und Systeme für verschiedene Anwendungen verwenden zu können. Dabei werden die einzelnen Komponenten nach Standards möglichst universell entwickelt, ohne die genaue Anwendung, in der sie später eingesetzt werden, zu kennen. Die Erwartungen von Anwendern und die Versprechen von Herstellern sind dabei meist nicht deckungsgleich. Eine Vielfalt von unterschiedlichen Begriffen erschwert eine objektive Aussage über das erreichbare Maß an Funktionalität des Gesamtsystems.
    BibTeX:
    @inbook{Palensky1999b,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {Lon-Technologie},
      booktitle = {Dietrich, Loy, Schweinzer (Hrsg.): LON-Technologie},
      publisher = {Huethig Verlag Heidelberg},
      year = {1999},
      pages = {263-279}
    }
    					
    2001 Palensky, P. Loy, D.; Dietrich, D. & Schweinzer, H.-J. (Hrsg.) Interoperability ( Open Control Networks ) Open Control Networks , pp. 231-237   inbook
    BibTeX:
    @inbook{Palensky2001d,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {Open Control Networks},
      publisher = {Kluwer Academic Publishers},
      year = {2001},
      pages = {231-237}
    }
    					
    2001 Palensky, P. Sauter, T.; Dietrich, D. & Kastner, W. (Hrsg.) Interoperability ( EIB Installation Bus System ) EIB Installation Bus System Sauter, Dietrich, Kastner (Eds.): EIB Installation Bus System , pp. 264-269   inbook
    Abstract: Interoperability is one of the key words for the durability of communication technology on the free market. The rules and connections, dealt with by the field of interoperability, are just as applicable to a conversation between two people as they are to communication between two electronic devices. It is true to say that two individuals capable of interoperable communications (either people or computers) can work together, although they may never have actually “met”. This section deals with the rules of interoperability for bus systems in general and EIB in particular.
    BibTeX:
    @inbook{Palensky2001a,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {EIB Installation Bus System},
      booktitle = {Sauter, Dietrich, Kastner (Eds.): EIB Installation Bus System},
      publisher = {Publicis Corporate Publishing, Erlangen},
      year = {2001},
      pages = {264-269}
    }
    					
    2001 Palensky, P. Sauter, T.; Dietrich, D. & Kastner, W. (Hrsg.) Intelligent Software Agents ( EIB Installation Bus System ) EIB Installation Bus System (3895781574) Sauter, Dietrich, Kastner (Eds.): EIB Installation Bus System , pp. 298-300   inbook
    Abstract: Intelligent software agents (or agents for short) represent a subsection of distributed artificial intelligence. They are used to save and manage knowledge on a distributed basis in order to solve complex problems and to model distributed problem situations. In principle, an agent is a software program. Certain properties however distinguish them from conventional programs.
    BibTeX:
    @inbook{Palensky2001b,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {EIB Installation Bus System},
      booktitle = {Sauter, Dietrich, Kastner (Eds.): EIB Installation Bus System},
      publisher = {Publicis Corporate Publishing, Erlangen},
      year = {2001},
      number = {3895781574},
      pages = {298-300}
    }
    					
    2011 Palensky, P. Wilamowski, B. & Irwin, D. (Hrsg.) 66 Trends and Challenges for Industrial Communication Systems ( The Industrial Electronics Handbook, Second Edition ) The Industrial Electronics Handbook, Second Edition (9781439802892) B. Wilamowski (Ed.): The Industrial Electronics Handbook   inbook
    Abstract: In the era of ever increasing connectivity every possible industrial process is tapped with sensors networks and automation infrastructure to improve efficiency, safety and transparency. This leads, depending on the domain-specific requirement, to specific technologies and methods, just as networks for mines are different from automotive networks. Some are still hoping for “the one”, universal solution, but that seems a bit far fetched. There are, however, several points where existing networks will experience improvements towards a more universal technology. This chapter lists major challenges that ICS will face in the near future:
    •Ubiquitous global connectivity and digital identity
    •Vertical Integration
    •Machine-to-machine (M2M) communication
    •Scalability of hardware and software
    BibTeX:
    @inbook{Palensky2011b,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {The Industrial Electronics Handbook, Second Edition},
      booktitle = {B. Wilamowski (Ed.): The Industrial Electronics Handbook},
      publisher = {CRC Press},
      year = {2011},
      number = {9781439802892}
    }
    					
    2016 Palensky, P. Cyber-Physical Energy Systems Invited talk at COSSE Workshop, Delft  misc
    BibTeX:
    @misc{Palensky2016,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {Cyber-Physical Energy Systems},
      year = {2016}
    }
    					
    2016 Palensky, P. Modelling of complex cyber-physical systems: concepts and methods Tutorial at IEEE EnergyCon 2016, Leuven  misc
    BibTeX:
    @misc{Palensky2016a,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {Modelling of complex cyber-physical systems: concepts and methods},
      year = {2016}
    }
    					
    2016 Palensky, P. The grid as platform Invited talk at "An innovative truth", Eindhoven  misc
    BibTeX:
    @misc{Palensky2016b,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {The grid as platform},
      year = {2016}
    }
    					
    2016 Palensky, P. Modeling and Simulation of Cyber-Physical Energy Systems Panel at IEEE ISGT 2016, Minneapolis  misc
    BibTeX:
    @misc{Palensky2016c,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {Modeling and Simulation of Cyber-Physical Energy Systems},
      year = {2016}
    }
    					
    2016 Palensky, P. Co-Simulation of Intelligent Energy Systems Panel at IEEE PES General Meeting 2016, Boston  misc
    BibTeX:
    @misc{Palensky2016d,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {Co-Simulation of Intelligent Energy Systems},
      year = {2016}
    }
    					
    2016 Palensky, P. Smart Integrated Energy Systems Keynote at Smarter Europe 2016, Essen  misc
    BibTeX:
    @misc{Palensky2016e,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {Smart Integrated Energy Systems},
      year = {2016}
    }
    					
    2016 Palensky, P. Hybrid Models for Agents in Cyber-Physical Energy Systems Keynote at 14th MATES Conference on Multiagent System Technologies  misc
    BibTeX:
    @misc{Palensky2016f,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {Hybrid Models for Agents in Cyber-Physical Energy Systems},
      year = {2016}
    }
    					
    2016 Palensky, P. Simulation of heterogeneous energy systems Keynote on IEEE PEMC  misc
    BibTeX:
    @misc{Palensky2016g,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {Simulation of heterogeneous energy systems},
      year = {2016}
    }
    					
    2015 Palensky, P. Cyber-physical Energy Systems Keynote IEEE Conference on Emerging Technologies in Factory Automation  misc
    BibTeX:
    @misc{Palensky2015a,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {Cyber-physical Energy Systems},
      year = {2015}
    }
    					
    2015 Palensky, P. Modeling Intelligent Energy Systems Keynote at Smart Nord 2015  misc
    BibTeX:
    @misc{Palensky2015b,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {Modeling Intelligent Energy Systems},
      year = {2015}
    }
    					
    2015 Palensky, P. Modeling of complex cyber-physical systems: concepts and methods Tutorial at CIRED 2015  misc
    BibTeX:
    @misc{Palensky2015c,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {Modeling of complex cyber-physical systems: concepts and methods},
      year = {2015}
    }
    					
    2015 Palensky, P. Co-Simulation of Energy Systems 1st Symposium on Modelling and Simulation
    Challenges for Future Sustainable Energy Systems, Delft, 26.6.2015  
    inproceedings
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Palensky2015d,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {Co-Simulation of Energy Systems},
      booktitle = {1st Symposium on Modelling and Simulation
    Challenges for Future Sustainable Energy Systems, Delft, 26.6.2015}, year = {2015} }
    2015 Palensky, P. Cyber-Physical Energy Systems Presentation at the Rotterdam School of Management open BIM Seminar  misc
    BibTeX:
    @misc{Palensky2015e,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {Cyber-Physical Energy Systems},
      year = {2015}
    }
    					
    2015 Palensky, P. Co-Simulation of heterogeneous Energy Systems Panel presentation at IEEE PES General Meeting 2015  misc
    BibTeX:
    @misc{Palensky2015f,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {Co-Simulation of heterogeneous Energy Systems},
      year = {2015}
    }
    					
    2014 Palensky, P. Virtuelle Speicher Invited Presentation at 5. PVA-Speichertagung SONNENSTROM AUF VORRAT  misc
    BibTeX:
    @misc{Palensky2014,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {Virtuelle Speicher},
      year = {2014}
    }
    					
    2014 Palensky, P. Buildings, People, and the Grid Workshop Human-Centered Energy Management, AAU Klagenfurt  misc
    BibTeX:
    @misc{Palensky2014b,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {Buildings, People, and the Grid},
      year = {2014}
    }
    					
    2013 Palensky, P. Kann IT Speicher ersetzen? Invited Talk at Konferenz Erneuerbare Energie, Velden 2013  misc
    BibTeX:
    @misc{Palensky2013d,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {Kann IT Speicher ersetzen?},
      year = {2013}
    }
    					
    2013 Palensky, P. Modeling of Cyber-physical energy systems: Concept and Methods Invited Talk at EES UETP Course on Co-Simulation of Energy and ICT Systems, KTH Stockholm  misc
    BibTeX:
    @misc{Palensky2013e,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {Modeling of Cyber-physical energy systems: Concept and Methods},
      year = {2013}
    }
    					
    2013 Palensky, P. Co-Simulation of Complex Energy Systems Invited Talk at Frontiers of Information Technology FIT 2013  misc
    BibTeX:
    @misc{Palensky2013f,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {Co-Simulation of Complex Energy Systems},
      year = {2013}
    }
    					
    2013 Palensky, P. Can IT replace energy storage? Invited Talk at Frontiers of Information Technology FIT 2013  misc
    BibTeX:
    @misc{Palensky2013g,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {Can IT replace energy storage?},
      year = {2013}
    }
    					
    2013 Palensky, P. Simulation of Cyber-Physical Energy Systems Invited Talk at DTU-RISOE PowerICT Workshop 2013  misc
    BibTeX:
    @misc{Palensky2013h,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {Simulation of Cyber-Physical Energy Systems},
      year = {2013}
    }
    					
    2013 Palensky, P. Intelligent Energy Systems Invited Presentations at Young OVE Meeting 2013  misc
    BibTeX:
    @misc{Palensky2013i,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {Intelligent Energy Systems},
      year = {2013}
    }
    					
    2013 Palensky, P. Smart Cities Invited Talk at DTU-RISOE PowerICT Workshop 2013  misc
    BibTeX:
    @misc{Palensky2013j,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {Smart Cities},
      year = {2013}
    }
    					
    2012 Palensky, P. Modeling Cyber-Physical Energy Systems Keynote at "The 2012 Forum on specification and Design Languages" FDL 2012  misc
    Abstract: The energy system faces a number of substantial changes. Distributed energy resources are on the rise, smart grids combine information technology, stochastic renewable energy sources feed into the mid- and low-voltage grid and electric mobility will make things not easier either.
    I addition, this future energy system is expected to allow for new market models, active customer (to be called “prosumer”) participation and links to other systems. The expected complexity exceeds the scope of established modeling and simulation tools. This talk will be about the first steps towards hybrid modeling and co-simulation of complex energy systems.
    BibTeX:
    @misc{Palensky2012,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {Modeling Cyber-Physical Energy Systems},
      year = {2012}
    }
    					
    2012 Palensky, P. Challenges in Modeling Cyber-Physical Energy Systems Invited Talk at "Frontiers of Information Technology" FIT 2012  misc
    Abstract: The energy system is - for a number of reasons - more and more enhanced with information technology (IT). Smart controllers are expected to make the grid more resilient, smart grids are needed to increase the transport capacity/flexibility for our growing need for renewable energy sources and electric mobility and an active demand-side add another share of complexity. IT will therefore be an integrated part of the grid. The tools and methods for modeling, analyzing and optimizing such a hybrid (a.k.a. cyber-physical) energy system are, however, not really available. There are several substantial challenges in modeling and simulation such future energy systems. This presentation will give an insight in the first approaches to tackle these problems via powerful modeling languages and co-simulation.
    BibTeX:
    @misc{Palensky2012a,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {Challenges in Modeling Cyber-Physical Energy Systems},
      year = {2012}
    }
    					
    2012 Palensky, P. European Energy Innovation
    Vol. Winter 2012  
    periodical
    BibTeX:
    @periodical{Palensky2012b,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {European Energy Innovation},
      publisher = {European Commission},
      year = {2012},
      volume = {Winter 2012},
      url = {http://www.europeanenergyinnovation.eu/Portals/0/publications/EuropeanEnergyInnovation-Winter2012.pdf}
    }
    					
    2011 Palensky, P. Smart Cities - a large scale cyber-physical energy system and a complex optimization problem Invited Talk at "Frontiers of Information Technology" FIT 2011  misc
    BibTeX:
    @misc{Palensky2011e,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {Smart Cities - a large scale cyber-physical energy system and a complex optimization problem},
      year = {2011}
    }
    					
    2010 Palensky, P. ICT and Energy Keynote at KomForEn (Communication for Energy) 2010, 29. Sept 2010, Wels, Austria  misc
    Abstract: Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) is penetrating all domains and parts of our life. An important one is Energy. ICT’s role is to increase knowledge about (energy- and energy-related) processes and to facilitate their optimization. While other businesses like global trade or entertainment is far advanced in ICT, the energy domain largely depends on traditional structures. This article addresses a selection of issues that will play an important role during the next 10 years.
    BibTeX:
    @misc{Palensky2010,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {ICT and Energy},
      year = {2010}
    }
    					
    2010 Palensky, P. Sustainable, intelligent Buildings- How Building Automation and Control Systems contribute to energy efficient operation Keynote at High Level event on ICT for Energy Efficiency, European Commission, Bruxelles, 24.2.2010  misc
    BibTeX:
    @misc{Palensky2010a,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {Sustainable, intelligent Buildings- How Building Automation and Control Systems contribute to energy efficient operation},
      year = {2010}
    }
    					
    2010 Palensky, P. Nachhaltige Gebaeude und Smart Cities Schoenauer Expertentage 2010, 18-19 Nov 2010   inproceedings
    Abstract: Neben der eigentlichen Gebäudetechnik wie Hülle oder Haustechnik hat vor allem der Betrieb eines Gebäudes einen dramatischen Einfluss auf seinen Energiever-brauch.
    Optimierte Regelungstechnik und bewusste Nutzer sind hier nur der erste Schritt. Gebäude im Verbund zu betreiben kann hingegen völlig neue Optimierungsmöglichkeiten ergeben.
    Speziell im urbanen Bereich sind erneuerbare Energien Mangelware sodass diese intelligent(er) verwendet werden müssen. Die Nutzung von Lastmanagement sowie die kooperative Eingliederung in lokalen Elektrizitäts/Wärme/Kälte-Netze bieten Chancen der Optimierung. Ganze Stadtteile oder Städte intelligent zu betreiben führt sogar zu noch weiteren Themen wie Mobilität oder Stoffflüsse.
    Energiesysteme im urbanen Feld bestehen aus (unter Umständen) verteilten Ener-giequellen wie Photovoltaik oder Blockheizkraftwerke, einer Infrastruktur (elektrische und thermische Netze) sowie den Lasten (die „demand side“). Das intelligente Management von Lasten ist Inhalt zahlreicher Forschungsprojekte bei denen versucht wird, Gebäude und ganze Städte „netzfreundlicher“ zu machen.
    Diese Netzfreundlichkeit begünstigt in erster Linie den Netzbetreiber bzw. den Ener-gieversorger die diesen Vorteil an ihre Kunden weiterreichen. Der Betrieb von Kraft-werken sowie der Einkauf von Energie kann mit intelligenten Gebäuden und Smart Cities erheblich optimiert werden.
    Eingriff auf der Lastseite wird gemeinhin „demand side management“ genannt und reicht vom Umstieg auf Energiesparlampen bis zu komplexen Regelsystemen die dynamisch auf Energiepreise oder andere Anreize reagieren. Es ist Letzteres, das den steigenden Anteil erneuerbarer Energieträger begünstigt: Flexible, teilweise steuerbare Lasten können Erzeugungsfluktuationen entgegenwirken. Speziell Ge-bäuden wird ein hohes Potenzial zugeschrieben. 40% des Energieverbrauchs der EU wird Gebäuden zugeschrieben, vor allem der große Zweckbau hat erhebliches Lastmanagement-Potenzial (Lüftungs- und Klimaanlagen, Pumpen, etc.). Das Angenehme daran ist, dass mit Gebäuden „virtuelle Energiespeicher“ realisiert werden können. Der Vorteil gegenüber den realen Energiespeichern ist, dass sie nicht extra gebaut und betrieben werden müssen sondern ohnedies vorhanden sind. Sie benötigen keinen zusätzlichen Platz, bestehen nicht aus Chemikalien (wie z.B. Batterien) und benötigen lediglich ein wenig Software in ihrer Leittechnik um als Speicher zu fungieren.
    Ein Beispielprojekt startet 2011auf der dänischen Insel Bornholm: EcoGrid EU. Dabei wird ein Echtzeit-Markt für flexible Energieressourcen geschaffen (Bild 1). Teilnehmen kann jeder der (elektrische) Energie erzeugt oder verbraucht: erneuerbare Energiequellen, Elektroautos, Haushalte, Gewerbe, etc.
    Die Teilnehmer werden dabei mit der entsprechenden Logik und Hardware ausgerüstet. Möglich wird das durch Informationstechnologie: Kommunikation, Algorithmen, Benutzerschnittstellen, etc. Die Insel Bornholm will dadurch ihre Unabhängigkeit erhöhen sowie die Zuverlässigkeit der Energieversorgung verbessern. Bornholm ist ans schwedische Netz per Seeleitung angeschlossen, die durchschnittlich alle 2 Jahre beschädigt wird. Der vermehrte Einsatz lokaler Energieressourcen (vor allem Wind mit seiner volatilen Einspeise-Charakteristik) erfordert flexiblere Lasten für einen geordneten Netzbetrieb. Vernetzte, intelligente Gebäude spielen hier eine zentrale Rolle.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Palensky2010b,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {Nachhaltige Gebaeude und Smart Cities},
      booktitle = {Schoenauer Expertentage 2010, 18-19 Nov 2010},
      year = {2010}
    }
    					
    2009 Palensky, P. Neuro-bionic control of complex digital ecosystems Keynote at 3rd IEEE Conference on Digital Ecosystems, Istanbul, Turkey, 2009  misc
    BibTeX:
    @misc{Palensky2009,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {Neuro-bionic control of complex digital ecosystems},
      year = {2009}
    }
    					
    2009 Palensky, P. Electric Load Management and Information Technology Proceedings of IEEE AFRICON 2009, Nairobi, Kenya   inproceedings
    Abstract: Load management can be an important contribution to the electricity grid. Its main usage is improving grid stability (physical optimization) and optimize consumption patterns (financial optimization). In recent years, load management developed towards a more “global” scale. Wide area load management tries to translate the experiences of local load management to entire regions. It is Information Technology that enables this. This paper describes the various flavors of load management and names the open points before this idea can be deployed in a larger scale.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Palensky2009b,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {Electric Load Management and Information Technology},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of IEEE AFRICON 2009, Nairobi, Kenya},
      year = {2009},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/AFRCON.2009.5308094}
    }
    					
    2008 Palensky, P. The ghost in the machine 2.0: psycho-bionic steps towards mastering complex environments Keynote at 6th IEEE Conference on Industrial Informatics, Daejeon, Korea, July 13-16, 2008  misc
    BibTeX:
    @misc{Palensky2008,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {The ghost in the machine 2.0: psycho-bionic steps towards mastering complex environments},
      year = {2008},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/INDIN.2008.4618052}
    }
    					
    2008 Palensky, P. Joint Endeavors of Psychoanalysts and Engineers Invited Talk at Frontiers of Information Technology, Bhurban, Pakistan  misc
    Abstract: Technical systems get into serious troubles, once confronted with a certain degree of complexity. An analytical, exhaustive description of a complex problem is often not possible, and so its solution. Far away from scalar control loops and PLC (programmable logic controller) based machinery control, future automation systems are supposed to process a tremendous amount of information coming from millions of sensors and complex Information sources like cameras. Large numbers of inexpensive and diverse sources of information can increase the pertormance of automation tasks in buildings, factories, transport systems, or machinery. However, the complex and context-dependent semantics of such large amounts of data make bit-by-bit processing and traditional rule-based decisions impossible. A new trail from the sensor values to decisions is necessary.
    In a research approach, bionic systems try to mimic the capabilities of conscious creatures. The human mind, as described in the latest findings of neurology and psychoanalysis, gives a blueprint of a system that is potenlialiy capable of filtering, evalualing, and judging situations
    and scenarios. The relationship between system/environment interaclions, memory, emotions, learning, and higher mental processes is believed to be the key for the success exhibited by our species.
    This talk will outline the possibilities, the state of the art and the expectations of applying new ideas in artificial intelligence, psychology and neurology in complex automation environments.
    BibTeX:
    @misc{Palensky2008a,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {Joint Endeavors of Psychoanalysts and Engineers},
      year = {2008}
    }
    					
    2008 Palensky, P. Networked, Distributed Energy Resources Proceedings of IEEE IECON 2008, Orlando, Florida   inproceedings
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Palensky2008e,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {Networked, Distributed Energy Resources},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of IEEE IECON 2008, Orlando, Florida},
      year = {2008},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/IECON.2008.4757920}
    }
    					
    2007 Palensky, P. Total digital - Wo endet der Raum? Architektur und Bauforum   article
    BibTeX:
    @article{Palensky2007,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {Total digital - Wo endet der Raum?},
      journal = {Architektur und Bauforum},
      year = {2007}
    }
    					
    2007 Palensky, P. Communication Requirements for Demand Side Management and Microgrids Presentation at Nagoya 2007 Symposium on Microgrids  misc
    BibTeX:
    @misc{Palensky2007b,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {Communication Requirements for Demand Side Management and Microgrids},
      year = {2007}
    }
    					
    2006 Palensky, P. Die Gebaeudeautomation und ihre Standards (1019-4118) TGA Planung Jahrbuch 2005 , pp. 44-46   inbook
    BibTeX:
    @inbook{Palensky2006c,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {Die Gebaeudeautomation und ihre Standards},
      booktitle = {TGA Planung Jahrbuch 2005},
      publisher = {WEKA Verlag Wien},
      year = {2006},
      number = {1019-4118},
      pages = {44-46}
    }
    					
    2006 Palensky, P. Das ARS-Projekt - Wahrnehmung, Psychoanalyse und Technik (3852111277) Rini Tandon (Hrsg.): Der visuelle Entzug , pp. 79-86   inbook
    Abstract: In der Bionik versuchen Techniker die Natur zu kopieren bzw. zu imitieren. Vertrauend auf den optimierenden Charakter der Evolution nehmen der Flugzeugbau oder die Robotik seit jeher Anleihe bei den „Vorbildern“ Vögel und Insekten. Die Hauptnutznießer der Bionik waren jedoch bislang die Mechanik und die Werkstoffwissenschaften. Nun geht eine Gruppe Wiener Wissenschaftler den bionischen Weg, um die Datenverarbeitung entscheidend zu evolutionieren.
    BibTeX:
    @inbook{Palensky2006d,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {Das ARS-Projekt - Wahrnehmung, Psychoanalyse und Technik},
      booktitle = {Rini Tandon (Hrsg.): Der visuelle Entzug},
      publisher = {Universitaet fuer angewandte Kunst Wien},
      year = {2006},
      number = {3852111277},
      pages = {79-86}
    }
    					
    2006 Palensky, P. Prozessdesign und Gebaeudetechnik Intelligente Gebaeude und Wohnungen 2006 - die Praxis , pp. 111-120   inproceedings
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Palensky2006e,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {Prozessdesign und Gebaeudetechnik},
      booktitle = {Intelligente Gebaeude und Wohnungen 2006 - die Praxis},
      year = {2006},
      pages = {111-120}
    }
    					
    2006 Palensky, P. Current situation and future potential of intelligent building automation European Conference and Cooperation Exchange 2006 Sustainable energy systems for buildings: challenges and chances   inproceedings
    Abstract: Building automation is not new. Depending on the technological level, man has always tried to ease daily life and to make the living environment safe and comfortable. Generally speaking, it is the goal to run things optimized. Applied to modern, contemporary buildings and homes, this means to optimize
    - Energy consumption - Logistics (maintenance, facility management, etc.) - Safety (protection against weather, dangerous animals, natural disasters, etc.) - Security (protection against humans), and - Comfort.
    These needs are not a phenomenon of present times. Being efficient with precious energy resources was also an issue in the mid-ages and being safe from storms and secure from other tribes was quite a concern for stone age people. To optimize the above values, mankind specialized in a number of disciplines.
    The one with probably the longest tradition on satisfying the needs of home owners is architecture and civil engineering. Architects and civil engineers design and build houses that have
    - thermal insulation, - burglar protection, - windows to the south, - stilts against floods, - etc.
    By means of construction and design, many of the above needs can be fulfilled. What actually happens is, that the architect modifies the processes that happen with and in the building. By using certain construction materials and a special window arrangement, the "thermal process" of the building is massively modified. Instead of having outside temperatures, the building can for instance store heat, collected during the day, or offer cooling, collected during the night. The underlying physical mechanisms do not necessarily need to be known: thousands of years of experience have taught us how to build a house in Norway or in Botswana. New materials like concrete, glass or plastic permanently spin the wheel of innovation, so that modern buildings are typically safer, more efficient, more secure and offer more comfort than old ones.
    A second discipline of optimizing the processes of a building is building service providers. Janitors, butlers or security staff that take over certain jobs are also interfering with building processes. In contrast to the static influence of the first discipline, service staff is playing an active, intelligent role. They reason about what they are doing, are flexible and can adapt to changing environments and requirements. In highly developed countries, however, services are getting more and more expensive, as manpower get more and more expensive. The same mechanism that is the force behind industrial automation lead to the third discipline of optimizing building processes: automation. Labour is simply too expensive, compared to machines that do not go on vacation, do not demand higher wages or get ill.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Palensky2006f,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {Current situation and future potential of intelligent building automation},
      booktitle = {European Conference and Cooperation Exchange 2006 Sustainable energy systems for buildings: challenges and chances},
      year = {2006}
    }
    					
    2005 Palensky, P. Energie und Kommunikation - ein Netzwerk der Koepfe Keynote at Informationstechnologien fuer optimierte, hochvernetzte Energiesysteme, Vienna, 4.10.2005  misc
    BibTeX:
    @misc{Palensky2005,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {Energie und Kommunikation - ein Netzwerk der Koepfe},
      year = {2005}
    }
    					
    2005 Palensky, P. The JEVis Service Platform - Distributed Energy Data Acquisition and Management (0849319854) Richard Zurawski (Ed.): The Industrial Information Technology Handbook , pp. 111-1-111-11   inbook
    Abstract: The deregulation and liberalization of large parts of the European energy market had a number of essential implications. Besides the wanted and expected consequences like increased competition — and therefore decreased prices — the energy customers became more and more aware of energy as being a part of their daily financial balance. Having the opportunity to choose between different suppliers that offer in deed different “products” resulted in the need to know what and how much energy is consumed where and by whom.
    The types of customer that is currently taking advantage of the liberalized energy market are typically small and medium enterprises (SMEs), multisite customers (e.g., supermarket chains), and medium industrial customers. Large customers and large industrial sites like metal or glass industry are — as a part of their customer retention efforts — looked after by the respective electric utilities’ key account managers anyway, while the medium customers do not enjoy such attention. These customers might change the supplying utility company but have no basis for this decision. It is generally not possible to estimate if tariff A is more suitable for some customer than tariff B unless you know the exact consumption behavior.
    This demand for information was the starting point of the JEVis project (Java Envidatec Visualization). The Institute of Computer Technology (ICT) at the Vienna University of Technology (Austria) and Envidatec GmbH, a service provider in the domain of energy in Hamburg (Germany) created a concept of a new and modern data acquisition system that is capable of processing millions of new records per day and that offers high availability and scalability called the JEVis system (see also www.my-jevis.com). Customers that join (i.e., that are connected to) this JEVis system can browse through and analyze the consumption of every process within their production site or shopping mall. This transparency enables them to optimize their business and to choose the optimal energy tariff. Some of the customers are subsequently equipped with an automatic load scheduling system, which helps to avoid expensive consumption peaks and can directly determine their savings via the JEVis system.
    Modern energy bills for SMEs are based on the so-called load chart, a consumption chart with 96 samples per day (15-min consumption values). A typical tariff in Mid-Europe is that not only the consumed energy (counted by an energy counter, in kWh) but also the three largest 15-min consumption values (the consumption “peaks”) are taken into account. Additionally, the power peaks constitute quite a large portion of the bill; thus, avoiding or decreasing these peaks can significantly reduce the energy bill. The JEVis system stores the energy consumption charts and offers the recorded data via a web-portal.
    The next step after having a detailed load chart of the consumption is to find out what processes or what parts of the customer installation are responsible for a particular power peak or the load shape in general. As already mentioned, sometimes it is even possible by simply looking at the chart while knowing the customer’s processes.Usually, it is, however, not that easy. Large buildings and industrial sites with a large number of electrical consumers sometimes cannot be overlooked in terms of power consumption.It is thus necessary to apply additional sensors, besides the existing energy meter, to increase the granularity of the information.
    The JEVis system is, for instance, used for “benchmarking” (e.g., comparing) multiple branches of one business to identify the most efficient and the least efficient ones. This massively depends on how much information you “get out” of the building or the process and into your calculation and optimization algorithms.
    The sources of this information are a large number of sensors and actuators that are queried by a database that is capable of storing these large amounts of data. The main challenges in the JEVis project are the highly distributed nature of the customer installations. Long-range communication is entirely based on the Internet or other IP-based communication infrastructure like virtual private networks (VPNs). Topics like reliability and security are vital for the JEVis system, as well as how IP can be used for flat peer-to-peer networking as it is needed for “global” automation applications.
    BibTeX:
    @inbook{Palensky2005c,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {The JEVis Service Platform - Distributed Energy Data Acquisition and Management},
      booktitle = {Richard Zurawski (Ed.): The Industrial Information Technology Handbook},
      publisher = {CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida},
      year = {2005},
      number = {0849319854},
      pages = {111-1-111-11}
    }
    					
    2004 Palensky, P. LonWorks: A General Purpose Control Network Keynote at TU Novi Sad & IEEE Joint Chapter IAS/IES/PELS (Novi Sad, Serbia & Montenegro, 22.5.2004)  misc
    BibTeX:
    @misc{Palensky2004,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {LonWorks: A General Purpose Control Network},
      year = {2004}
    }
    					
    2004 Palensky, P. Requirements for the Next Generation of Building Networks Proceedings of International Conference on Cybernetics and Information Technologies, Systems and Applications (ISAS CITSA 2004) , pp. 225-230   inproceedings
    Abstract: Today's building automation and control systems (BACS) are based on networks that can cope with
    • very large numbers of nodes,
    • flexible and scalable topologies, and
    • sophisticated network management.
    The increased need for connectivity, communication and remote access results in plenty of other network systems, found in buildings like
    • telecommunication,
    • office automation, or
    • safety and security equipment,
    to name only three of them. The widely desired convergence of these networks leads to substantial problems. Issues like real-time capabilities, costs per node, management or the topology are addressed in this paper.
    It gives a wish list of features, taken from existing network technologies from industrial automation and other domains, that should be combined, in order to create a network that is capable of satisfying the needs of future buildings.
    The goal is to have one consistent and vertically integrated technology for all application. This compromise must offer a level of flexibility, that can very easily lead to a high system complexity. Therefore scalability and simplicity are the commandments that should guide the design of the next generation of building networks.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Palensky2004a,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {Requirements for the Next Generation of Building Networks},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of International Conference on Cybernetics and Information Technologies, Systems and Applications (ISAS CITSA 2004)},
      year = {2004},
      pages = {225-230}
    }
    					
    2003 Palensky, P. Energy Management: Supply and Demand Strategies in the Open System Market Keynote at LonWorld 2003, Munich 15.-16.10.2003  misc
    BibTeX:
    @misc{Palensky2003,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {Energy Management: Supply and Demand Strategies in the Open System Market},
      year = {2003}
    }
    					
    2003 Palensky, P. Computer Communication in Automation Keynote at Non-profit partnership Sotrudnichestvo (regional association of the employers of Perm Region), Chernyshevsky str. 28, 614002 Perm, Russia, 4.10.2003  misc
    BibTeX:
    @misc{Palensky2003a,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {Computer Communication in Automation},
      year = {2003}
    }
    					
    2003 Palensky, P. Bussysteme fuer Gebaeude - ein Ueberblick Keynote at Energiemanagement in Gebaeuden (EMIG 2003), Aachen, 25.9.2003  misc
    Abstract: Gebäudeautomatisierung ist aus modernen Zweckbauten und anderen Gebäuden nicht mehr wegzudenken. Der Betrieb eines automatisierten Gebäudes ist effizienter, kostengünstiger und flexibler. Die unterlagerte Technologie entstammt der industriellen Automatisierung und wurde für den Einsatz im Gebäude auf hohe Knotenanzahl, geringe Kosten und flexibles Management hin optimiert. Die dominanten Technologien sind LonWorks, EIB und BACnet, alle drei offene und standardisierte Systeme, die sich den Markt teilen. Der Vortrag gibt einen Überblick über diese drei Netzwerke und die allgemeinen Anforderungen an Gebäudenetze.
    BibTeX:
    @misc{Palensky2003b,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {Bussysteme fuer Gebaeude - ein Ueberblick},
      year = {2003}
    }
    					
    2003 Palensky, P. Chancen und Risiken totaler Vernetzung OVE/GIT Fachtagung "Intelligente Gebaeude und Wohnungen - Vernetzt Denken", Wien, 26.03.2003 , pp. 1-1   inproceedings
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Palensky2003f,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {Chancen und Risiken totaler Vernetzung},
      booktitle = {OVE/GIT Fachtagung "Intelligente Gebaeude und Wohnungen - Vernetzt Denken", Wien, 26.03.2003},
      year = {2003},
      pages = {1-1}
    }
    					
    2003 Palensky, P. Intelligenter Strom OVE-Workshop Intelligenter Strom: Neue Trends zur Optimierung der Ressource Elektrische Energie, 23. Oktober 2003, Wien   inproceedings
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Palensky2003g,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {Intelligenter Strom},
      booktitle = {OVE-Workshop Intelligenter Strom: Neue Trends zur Optimierung der Ressource Elektrische Energie, 23. Oktober 2003, Wien},
      year = {2003}
    }
    					
    2003 Palensky, P. The JEVis System. Energy Data Management Proceedings of OVE/GIT Fachtagung, Wien, 12.03.2003, "IP-Applications - Das Netz nutzen"   inproceedings
    Abstract: Das JEVis System (http://www.my-jevis.com) ist eine Internet-basierte Plattform für Dienstleistungen am Energiesektor. Über das JEVis Portal können Kunden Analysen, Statistiken und andere Informationen über ihren Energiehaushalt abrufen und verwalten.
    Der Hintergrund der JEVis Systems ist eine Web-fähige Datenbank, ausgerüstet mit einer Vielzahl an Dienstleistungs-Applikationen sowie einem kundenseitigen Automatisierungsnetzwerk das die sensorische und aktuatorische Verbindung zum Kundenprozess herstellt.
    Eine klassische Anwendung des JEVis Systems findet man bei „Multi-Site-Customers“ wie Supermarktketten oder anderen Branchen, die räumlich verteilte Niederlassungen betreiben. Ein anderer Anwendungsfall ist das integrierte Alarm-Management, bei dem Aspekte des Kundenprozesses (wie zum Beispiel eine Temperatur oder der Wert einer Durchflussmessung) überwacht und ausgewertet werden können. Sämtliche dieser Dienste sind per Internet bedienbar, konfigurierbar und konsumierbar.
    In Zukunft wird das System auch für globales Energiemanagement - Lastgangsoptimierung im größeren Rahmen - verwendet werden. Hierbei werden die vom System gesammelten Daten zur Lastprognose und anderen Berechnungen herangezogen um den Energieverbrauch zu optimieren.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Palensky2003h,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {The JEVis System. Energy Data Management},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of OVE/GIT Fachtagung, Wien, 12.03.2003, "IP-Applications - Das Netz nutzen"},
      year = {2003}
    }
    					
    2003 Palensky, P. Smart Card Security for Field Area Networks (1424408261) Proceedings of the IEEE-Siberian Conference on Control and Communications. SIBCON-2003. Tomsk, 1.-2.10.2003, IEEE GOLD Affinity Group of the Siberia Section , pp. 135-138   inproceedings
    Abstract: Field Area Networks (FANs), also known as control networks, interconnect a number of nodes in order to implement a common control application. Prominent representatives for such network technologies are, without claiming completeness, Profibus, CAN, or LonWorks [1]. These networks are typically specialized for some application domain and incorporate features like real-time capabilities, scalability, throughput, certain physical communication channels or electromagnetic compatibility. One common property of all these FANs is a lack of data security. They are designed for openness. Powerful network management and service transparency contradict to classical security requirements. The subject of this article is LonWorks, one example of the more complex and powerful FANs.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Palensky2003i,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {Smart Card Security for Field Area Networks},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE-Siberian Conference on Control and Communications. SIBCON-2003. Tomsk, 1.-2.10.2003, IEEE GOLD Affinity Group of the Siberia Section},
      publisher = {IEEE},
      year = {2003},
      number = {1424408261},
      pages = {135-138},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/SIBCON.2003.1335743}
    }
    					
    2003 Palensky, P. The JEVis System - An advanced Database for Energy-related Services (95424683) Proceedings of the 7th IASTED International Conference on Power and Energy Systems PES/TDA", Palm Springs, California, USA, 24.02.2003 - 26.02.2003 , pp. 442-446   inproceedings
    Abstract: The JEVis Framework is a database system for realizing services in the domain of energy-related data management. It combines a heterogeneous portfolio of technologies and services by mapping them onto a common database. This database is the integrative part and the starting point of all service design which happens in a new and innovative date-centered way. It connects to multiple sources and sinks of data and offers a versatile platform for implementing various web-enabled services. This paper describes the principal system structure and gives a basic overview on the possibilities of the JEVis Framework.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Palensky2003j,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {The JEVis System - An advanced Database for Energy-related Services},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of the 7th IASTED International Conference on Power and Energy Systems PES/TDA", Palm Springs, California, USA, 24.02.2003 - 26.02.2003},
      year = {2003},
      number = {95424683},
      pages = {442-446}
    }
    					
    2003 Palensky, P. Das JEVis System - Verteiltes Management von Energie- und Betriebsdaten Achtes Kasseler Symposium Energie-Systemtechnik Energie und Kommunikation, Kassel, 13.-14.11.2003 , pp. 126-140   inproceedings
    Abstract: Den Teilnehmern des modernen Energiemarkts wurde durch die Liberalisierung des selbigen eine Reihe an Freiheiten eröffnet. Der Kunde kann den Energieversorger wählen, Händler können freier agieren, Energieproduzenten erschließen sich neue Absatzmärkte und es werden Kaufgemeinschaften gebildet.
    Die „großen Player“, wie Großkunden oder Energiehändler, werden in ihren nun nötigen Entscheidungsprozessen professionell unterstützt. Eigens dafür installierte Personen, beim Kunden wie auch beim Versorger, beschäftigen sich damit, den Energiekonsum kaufmännisch wie technisch zu optimieren. Diese „Einkäufer“ oder „Kundebetreuer“ bedienen sich dabei üblicherweise einer Reihe an informationstechnischen Hilfsmittel. Großkunden werden dazu mit dem nötigen Meß- und Regelequipment wie fernauslesbare Lastgangzähler oder Maximumwächter ausgerüstet, um mit der Resource „elektrische Energie“ besser wirtschaften zu können.

    Diese Infrastruktur steht den „kleineren“ Abnehmern und Teilnehmern am deregulierten Energiemarkt aus Kostengründen im Normalfall nicht zur Verfügung. Ebenso verhält es sich mit dem zugehörigen Personal. Die Konsequenz ist, dass viele kleine und mittlere Betriebe (KMUs) ihre Energie beziehen und bezahlen ohne zu wissen, „was“ sie eigentlich warum konsumieren. Das Produkt „elektrische Energie“ steht in einem unbekannten Zusammenhang mit den Kundenprozessen. Das besagte KMU kann nicht erkennen, wie und warum sich innerbetriebliche Änderungen auf den Energieverbrauch auswirken und kann solche Zusammenhänge daher auch nicht bewusst nutzen. Die für jeden Betrieb so wichtige Transparenz von Kosten und Ressourcen ist im Bereich der Energie oft nicht gegeben. Ungenütztes Optimierungspotenzial liegt brach, es werden unnötige Kosten verursacht.
    Das JEVis System (Java Envidatec Visualization) ist das Produkt einer langjährigen Kooperation zwischen der Envidatec GmbH und dem Institut für Computertechnik der Technischen Universität Wien. Es stellt eine
    · skalierbare,
    · kostengünstige und
    · robuste
    Infrastruktur zur Verfügung um große Mengen an Daten zu
    · akquirieren, zu
    · verarbeiten und zu
    · visualisieren.
    JEVis ist ein modernes Energie-Informationssystem (EIS), das Automatisierungstechnik und Internet-Visualisierung verbindet. Dieser Artikel gibt einen Überblick über die Architektur und Verwendung des JEVis Systems sowie einen Ausblick auf die zukünftigen und geplanten Eigenschaften des Systems.

    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Palensky2003k,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {Das JEVis System - Verteiltes Management von Energie- und Betriebsdaten},
      booktitle = {Achtes Kasseler Symposium Energie-Systemtechnik Energie und Kommunikation, Kassel, 13.-14.11.2003},
      publisher = {ISET},
      year = {2003},
      pages = {126-140}
    }
    					
    2001 Palensky, P. Distributed Reactive Energy Management School: Dissertation, TU Wien   phdthesis
    Abstract: Demand-side management (DSM) and peak load management are common techniques in contemporary energy supply. This thesis investigates how new concepts and technologies in computer science and electrical engineering can be applied to the problem of
    demand-side management. Individual energy consumers are equipped with some computing power and integrated into a communications network. These two measures enable them to cooperate with each other perform DSM. The aim of this thesis is to examine how distributed artificial intelligence integrates with industrial networks to form a new generation of DSM. The result is a highly distributed system that uses parallel genetic algorithms or negotiation strategies. This system has an advantage over former DSM systems in that it is more flexible and scalable. The
    performance of the algorithms is tested and evaluated by simulation.
    BibTeX:
    @phdthesis{Palensky2001,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {Distributed Reactive Energy Management},
      school = {Dissertation, TU Wien},
      year = {2001}
    }
    					
    2001 Palensky, P. A new Parallel Genetic Algorithm for Energy Management Proceedings of IEWT 2001, Vienna, Austria, 2001 , pp. 90-90   inproceedings
    Abstract: Energy management in this work is seen as a problem that consists of a number of subproblems. Individually solving the sub-problems does not necessarily mean to solve the overall problem at the same time. It is the particular property of such a problem that minimums (or maximums) of the individual sub-problems do not sum up to a minimum (or maximum) of the overall problem. This multi-parameter problem will be solved by a new type of parallel genetic algorithm (PGA).
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Palensky2001c,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {A new Parallel Genetic Algorithm for Energy Management},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of IEWT 2001, Vienna, Austria, 2001},
      year = {2001},
      pages = {90-90}
    }
    					
    2000 Palensky, P. Plug and Play fuer Feldgeraete? Keynote at ZVEI Gespraechsforum "Dialog im ZVEI - ZVEI im Dialog" at Hannover Fair 2000, 14.3.2000, Hannover  misc
    BibTeX:
    @misc{Palensky2000,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {Plug and Play fuer Feldgeraete?},
      year = {2000}
    }
    					
    1999 Palensky, P. On Interoperability and Intelligent Software Agents for Field Area Networks Presentation at FET 1999, Magdeburg  misc
    Abstract: Intelligent software agents are software programs that are currently used to solve complex problems in the domains of network management or information retrieval. The usage of agent technology for field area network would offer a lot of new and enhanced applications and would be “the second chapter” of distributed applications. The missing link to the commercial exploitation of agent technology on field area networks is a standard for agent communication. This paper gives an overview and takes the first steps towards standard agent communication for field area networks.
    BibTeX:
    @misc{Palensky1999,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {On Interoperability and Intelligent Software Agents for Field Area Networks},
      year = {1999}
    }
    					
    1999 Palensky, P. On Interoperability and Intelligent Software Agents for Field Area Networks (321183394
    3) D. Dietrich, P. Neumann and H. Schweinzer (Eds.): Fieldbus Technology , pp. 319-325  
    inbook
    Abstract: Intelligent software agents are software programs that are currently used to solve complex problems in the domains of network management or information retrieval. The usage of agent technology for field area network would offer a lot of new and enhanced applications and would be “the second chapter” of distributed applications. The missing link to the commercial exploitation of agent technology on field area networks is a standard for agent communication. This paper gives an overview and takes the first steps towards standard agent communication for field area networks.
    BibTeX:
    @inbook{Palensky1999a,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {On Interoperability and Intelligent Software Agents for Field Area Networks},
      booktitle = {D. Dietrich, P. Neumann and H. Schweinzer (Eds.): Fieldbus Technology},
      publisher = {Springer},
      year = {1999},
      number = {321183394
    3}, pages = {319-325} }
    1999 Palensky, P. Intelligent Software Agents for EIB Networks Proceedings EIB Scientific Conference 1999, Munich, Germany, Oct. 28th., 1999 , pp. 67-76   inproceedings
    Abstract: Intelligent Software Agents (or short agents) are a part of distributed artificial intelligence (DAI). They are currently experiencing increased interests and a number of pushes forward to real world applications, while the rest of DAI still has the smell of abstract mathematics and
    philosophy. Agents are for instance used for network management systems, for industrial automation and for information retrieval on the Internet. This paper shows what agents are, explains their properties and differences, discusses their suitability for home and building
    automation and takes the first steps forward for using this flexible technology for EIB networks.
    Agents are nothing more than software programs. The difference to ordinary programs is a list of properties that includes the ability to communicate, to be goal-oriented, to reflect on their behavior, to act autonomous without guidance, to cooperate with other agents and humans, to
    create plans and strategies, etc. These properties make agents able to solve problems in an autonomous way. The correct expression for agents is “Intelligent Autonomous Software Agents”. Their ability to cooperate is used for multi agent systems (MAS). These MAS
    decompose complex problems, distribute the partial problems among the agent society, solve them individually and assemble the partial solutions to a global solution. MAS are a modern approach for problem solvers, that are well structured and easy to implement and maintain.
    If one tries to benefit from agent technology the domain of the field area networks like EIB, certain surroundments have to be respected. The nodes of an EIB network are usually microcontrollers with low computational power like those based on the 68HC05. These nodes
    are suitable for controlling thermostats or light switches, but can not be used for complicated neural networks or other resource consuming algorithms. So the agents have to be very simple and fast. Another restriction on an EIB network is the relatively low communication speed. It
    is not possible to transfer large knowledge bases via the 9.6 kbit serial communication channel. The agents have to use optimized and message oriented communication. Also the memory of the nodes is very limited. Therefore the memory footprint of the agents must be
    kept very small. All these requirements are met by so-called reactive agents. They consist of very simple algorithms and can actually not be called “intelligent”. But if they form a MAS their collective behavior shows some intelligent aspects. They can learn and adapt to a
    dynamic environment very quickly. These reactive agents are suitable to be used for EIB networks to control the climate of a building, to do demand side management or to learn various preferences of the occupants of
    the building.
    What is still missing for agents on EIB networks is a standard for their communication. The first step would be to define an EIS variable type for an agent communication language (ACL) like KQML (knowledge query and manipulation language) or the FIPA (foundation for intelligent physical agents) ACL. The next step would be an agent ObIS to provide a standard profile for agents. This paper gives suggestions for these new aspects of the EIB interworking standard.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Palensky1999d,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {Intelligent Software Agents for EIB Networks},
      booktitle = {Proceedings EIB Scientific Conference 1999, Munich, Germany, Oct. 28th., 1999},
      publisher = {Richard Pfalum Verlag, Munich},
      year = {1999},
      pages = {67-76}
    }
    					
    1999 Palensky, P. The Convergence of Intelligent Software Agents and Field Area Networks Proceedings ETFA99, Barcelona, Spain, 1999 , pp. 917-922   inproceedings
    Abstract: This paper discusses how intelligent software agents can be implemented on the nodes of a field area network (FAN). A number of aspects are to be mentioned, to adapt this booming part of distributed artificial intelligence for FANs. First the typical properties of a FAN like its small
    bandwidth and its low computational power in the nodes restrict the possibilities for the agent design. On the other hand, neural decision mechanisms and learning knowledgebases inside the agents or cooperation and negotiation among agents are a challenge for the FAN. This paper describes the ways to combine both technologies and the benefits that emerge from this combination.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Palensky1999e,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {The Convergence of Intelligent Software Agents and Field Area Networks},
      booktitle = {Proceedings ETFA99, Barcelona, Spain, 1999},
      publisher = {IEEE},
      year = {1999},
      pages = {917-922},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ETFA.1999.813089}
    }
    					
    1999 Palensky, P. Demand Side Management durch intelligente Software-Agenten und Feldbus Technologie Internationale Energiewirtschaftstagung an der TU Wien, 24-26. Feb. 1999 , pp. 55-55   inproceedings
    Abstract: Die Deregulierung und Liberalisierung des europäischen Strommarktes bietet eine Fülle an Chancen und Risiken. Der Konkurrenzdruck für EVU wird stärker, der Wettbewerb intensiviert. Diese Veränderungen werden die EVU in zwei Gruppen teilen: in die Gewinner und die Verlierer. Neben vielzähligen wirtschaftlichen Vorbereitungen wie Kooperationen und Fusionen mit starken internationalen Partnern gibt es eine weitere Karte die ausgespielt werden kann und wird. Innovation.
    Technischer Fortschritt am Energiesektor ist in Zukunft unabdingbares Element eines konkurrenzfähigen EVU. Man hebt sich dadurch nicht nur von Mitbewerbern ab sondern kann seine eigene Erzeugung und Verteilung kostengünstiger gestalten. Letztendlich wird die Entscheidung in großem Ausmaß vom Preis des Produktes geprägt. Daher muß man ständig Wege finden, die es ermöglichen, die Versorgung der Kunden mit einem Minimum an Kosten bereitzustellen.
    Dieser Beitrag handelt von einem neuen Ansatz den Energieverbrauch zu koordinieren und zu steuern.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Palensky1999f,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {Demand Side Management durch intelligente Software-Agenten und Feldbus Technologie},
      booktitle = {Internationale Energiewirtschaftstagung an der TU Wien, 24-26. Feb. 1999},
      year = {1999},
      pages = {55-55}
    }
    					
    1997 Palensky, P. Demand-Side-Management in privaten Haushalten mittels LON School: Diploma Thesis, TU Wien   mastersthesis
    Abstract: This paper presents a system to distribute power consumption in private homes uniformly over time as well as to reduce total power consumption to meet the interests of the energy producers. We proclaim autonomous and intelligent domestic appliances that communicate with each other. Every electrical device is supported by a built-in LonWorks-Node that incorporates distributed algorithms. The main objectives are the to provide logical relations between the devices, and to coordinate the energy consumption policy. All this happens in an autonomous and distributed way.
    The paper elaborates four different algorithms and indicates strategies to save energy in global dimensions.
    BibTeX:
    @mastersthesis{Palensky1997a,
      author = {Peter Palensky},
      title = {Demand-Side-Management in privaten Haushalten mittels LON},
      school = {Diploma Thesis, TU Wien},
      year = {1997}
    }
    					
    2009 Palensky, P. & Bruckner, D. Anticipative virtual storage power plants Proceedings of IEEE IECON 2009, Porto, Portugal   inproceedings
    Abstract: Virtual power plants aggregate smaller energy resources to a single “virtual” large one. This is done to appear as a larger player on the market, with one single interface for control, ancillary services and business requests. A virtual storage power plant (VSPP) (also) aggregates loads, coordinating them in a way that it imitates a real storage power plant. This paper discusses how far a VSPP can go into its underlying processes to optimize its performance.
    Loads, although very simple on the first view, can behave in a pretty complex way. Estimating their current and future state is the goal of an anticipative VSPP. Having insight into the customer processes enables the VSPP to operate more optimized and to trade future shedding potential.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Palensky2009a,
      author = {Peter Palensky and Dietmar Bruckner},
      title = {Anticipative virtual storage power plants},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of IEEE IECON 2009, Porto, Portugal},
      year = {2009},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/IECON.2009.5415158}
    }
    					
    2008 Palensky, P.; Bruckner, D.; Tmej, A. & Deutsch, T. Paradox in AI - AI 2.0: the way to machine consciousness Proceedings of IT Revolutions 2008, Venice, Italy   inproceedings
    Abstract: Artificial Intelligence, the big promise of the last millennium, has apparently made its way into our daily lives. Cell phones with speech control, evolutionary computing in data mining or power grids, optimized via neural network, show its applicability in industrial environments. The original expectation of true intelligence and thinking machines lies still ahead of us. Researchers are, however, optimistic as never before. This paper tries to compare the views, challenges and approaches of several disciplines: engineering, psychology, neuroscience, philosophy. It gives a short introduction to Psychoanalysis, discusses the term consciousness, social implications of intelligent machines, related theories, and expectations and shall serve as a starting point for first attempts of combining these diverse thoughts.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Palensky2008d,
      author = {Peter Palensky and Dietmar Bruckner and Anna Tmej and Tobias Deutsch},
      title = {Paradox in AI - AI 2.0: the way to machine consciousness},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of IT Revolutions 2008, Venice, Italy},
      year = {2008}
    }
    					
    2011 Palensky, P. & Dietrich, D. Demand Side Management: demand response, intelligent energy systems, and smart loads IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics
    Vol. 7 (3) , pp. 381-388  
    article
    Abstract: Energy management means to optimize one of the most complex and important technical creations that we know: the energy system. While there is plenty of experience in optimizing energy generation and distribution, it is the demand side that receives increasing attention by research and industry. Demand Side Management (DSM) is a portfolio of measures to improve the energy system at the side of consumption. It ranges from improving energy efficiency by using better materials, over smart energy tariffs with incentives for certain consumption patterns, up to sophisticated real-time control of distributed energy resources. This paper gives an overview and a taxonomy for DSM, analyzes the various types of DSM, and gives an outlook on the latest demonstration projects in this domain.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Palensky2011,
      author = {Peter Palensky and Dietmar Dietrich},
      title = {Demand Side Management: demand response, intelligent energy systems, and smart loads},
      journal = {IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics},
      year = {2011},
      volume = {7},
      number = {3},
      pages = {381-388},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TII.2011.2158841}
    }
    					
    1997 Palensky, P.; Dietrich, D.; Posta, R. & Reiter, H. Demand Side Management in private homes by using LonWorks Proceedings of WFCS97 2nd IEEE Workshop on Factory Communication Systems, Barcelona Oct. 1-3 1997 , pp. 341-347   inproceedings
    Abstract: This paper presents a system to distribute power consumption in private homes uniformly over time as well as to reduce total power consumption to meet the interests of the energy producers. We proclaim autonomous and intelligent domestic appliances that communicate with each other. Every electrical device is supported by a built-in LonWorks-Node that incorporates distributed algorithms. The main objectives are the to provide logical relations between the devices, and to coordinate the energy consumption policy. All this happens in an autonomous, distributed way without any interaction with the user. The paper elaborates four different algorithms and indicates strategies to save energy in global dimensions.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Palensky1997d,
      author = {Peter Palensky and Dietmar Dietrich and Ratko Posta and Heinrich Reiter},
      title = {Demand Side Management in private homes by using LonWorks},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of WFCS97 2nd IEEE Workshop on Factory Communication Systems, Barcelona Oct. 1-3 1997},
      publisher = {IEEE},
      year = {1997},
      pages = {341-347},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/WFCS.1997.634318}
    }
    					
    2005 Palensky, P.; Dietrich, D. & Pratl, G. Die Zukunft der Gebaeudeautomation LNO-Brief (35) , pp. 5-8   article
    Abstract: Die Feldbustechnik hat ein hohes Niveau erreicht, vor allem in der Gebäudeautomation. Es werden heute Realisierungen möglich, die früher schon aus wirtschaftlichen Gründen nicht in Frage kamen. Den Architekten und Planern wird etwas völlig Neues zur Verfügung gestellt: eine vernetzte Infrastruktur, die es erlaubt, Prozesse verschiedenster Art sinnvoll zu verbinden. Eine entscheidende Rolle spielen dabei die Bussysteme, aber auch die enormen Fortschritte in der Sensortechnologie, die preiswerte und präzise Sensoren zulassen. Die vollständige Vernetzung von Sensoren und Aktoren sowie ihre immer höher werdende Dichte liefern Unmengen von Daten, die – sofern richtig interpretiert - wertvolle Beobachtungen, Folgerungen und Rückschlüsse zulassen. Die traditionelle Forschung hinkt den Bedürfnissen hierbei hinterher, der notwendige intelligente „Überbau“ lässt auf sich warten. Es müssen neue Wege beschritten werden. Die ersten Schritte eines solchen Ansatzes werden hier von Peter Palensky, Dietmar Dietrich und Gerhard Pratl vom Institut für Computertechnik der Technischen Universität Wien beschrieben.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Palensky2005a,
      author = {Peter Palensky and Dietmar Dietrich and Gerhard Pratl},
      title = {Die Zukunft der Gebaeudeautomation},
      journal = {LNO-Brief},
      year = {2005},
      number = {35},
      pages = {5-8}
    }
    					
    2011 Palensky, P. & Ferhatbegovic, T. Sustainable Buildings and Controls L Express , pp. 14 - 15   article
    BibTeX:
    @article{Palensky2011c,
      author = {Peter Palensky and Tarik Ferhatbegovic},
      title = {Sustainable Buildings and Controls},
      journal = {L Express},
      publisher = {Loytec GmbH},
      year = {2011},
      pages = {14 - 15}
    }
    					
    2011 Palensky, P. & Ferhatbegovic, T. Sustainable Buildings and Controls Keynote at "Buildings under Control", October 2011, Vienna  misc
    Abstract: Sustainable buildings have several aspects. Reducing the focus on Energy only, it is especially the runtime that plays the most important role in a life cycle analysis. Choosing efficient building systems and a modern building shell are not the only possibilities to minimize costs and carbon emissions. It’s the controls that can yield further percents of efficiency, and adjusting controls is cost efficient - tuning algorithms is just changing software.
    BibTeX:
    @misc{Palensky2011d,
      author = {Peter Palensky and Tarik Ferhatbegovic},
      title = {Sustainable Buildings and Controls},
      year = {2011}
    }
    					
    1999 Palensky, P. & Gordeev, M. Demand Side Management by using distributed artificial intelligence and fieldbus technology IARB99 Intelligent and Responsive Buildings Conference, Brugge, 29.03.1999 - 30.03.1999, in: "Proceedings of the International Conference on Intelligent and Responsive Buildings", (1999) , pp. 357-364   inproceedings
    Abstract: Demand Side Management (DSM) is a term used for all kinds of energy management located at the side of the energy consumer. The consumer side represents the demand side while the producer side is called supplier side. The motivation for DSM is found in a systematic problem at the supplier side. Electrical utilities have to guarantee that they can supply all their customers at any time with electrical power, regardless of the amount of demanded energy. That means that the utilities have to be prepared for possible high “demand-peaks”. In case that all customers start to consume a large amount of energy simultaneously the supplying utility has to react very quickly in producing and distributing energy. This fast reaction is not possible with conventional power stations like caloric or hydroelectric power stations.
    DSM tries to distribute energy consumption uniformly over time. The ideal form of DSM is a constant energy consumption 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. This state represents ideal circumstances for the energy producers. Cheap and stable methods of energy production that are harmless to the environment can be used, and the grid has a constant load.
    But nowadays a constant demand of energy is not the only thing, the energy suppliers are interested in. Deregulation and the liberalized energy market require the possibility of transferring energy via regions and countries. If parts of the grid are used for a so-called “energy transit” the normal load of the grid must be reduced to avoid an overload. The same situation occurs, when parts of the grid are broken and a region is supplied via 3 lines instead of 5 lines. The reduced supplier capacity must be compensated by decreasing the demand until the grid is restored. This application of DSM requires high sophisticated distribution automation (DA). Not only the production of energy but also the distribution of energy is highly interested in controlling the demand.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Palensky1999c,
      author = {Peter Palensky and Mikhail Gordeev},
      title = {Demand Side Management by using distributed artificial intelligence and fieldbus technology},
      booktitle = {IARB99 Intelligent and Responsive Buildings Conference, Brugge, 29.03.1999 - 30.03.1999, in: "Proceedings of the International Conference on Intelligent and Responsive Buildings", (1999)},
      publisher = {Technologisch Instituut vzw},
      year = {1999},
      pages = {357-364}
    }
    					
    2013 Palensky, P. & Kupzog, F. Smart Grids Annual Reviews of Environment and Resources
    Vol. 38 , pp. 201-226  
    article
    BibTeX:
    @article{Palensky2013b,
      author = {Peter Palensky and Friederich Kupzog},
      title = {Smart Grids},
      journal = {Annual Reviews of Environment and Resources},
      year = {2013},
      volume = {38},
      pages = {201-226},
      url = {http://www.annualreviews.org/doi/abs/10.1146/annurev-environ-031312-102947}
    }
    					
    2008 Palensky, P.; Kupzog, F.; Grobbelaar, S. & Meisel, M. Integral Resource Optimization Network Concept   techreport
    Abstract: In the context of the emergency situation in the energy domain (Energy-independence
    of the EU, CO2 reduction, shortage in resource availability), it is necessary to improve the efficiency of electric energy systems. The research project IRON Concept (Integral Resource Optimisation Network – Concept) analyses market-oriented options for efficiency increase by more information exchange between the grid users (loads, small generators). In the electric power system, communication to the demand side as well as to small generators is mostly non-existing. However, for talking influence on the consumption patterns of loads (load management/demand side management), an information infrastructure is needed. The costs of this infrastructure, for its setup, its operation and for setting incentives for users, must be covered by the advantage gained from its application. In this project, electrical load management is primarily used to shift consumption times, not for reducing the energy demand in total. Efficiency improvements are achieved by a better correlation between generation and demand achieved by management measure, resulting in the use of more efficient power plants and a reduction of line losses. A reduction of the load at one time is usually followed by an increased demand at a later time (rebound effect). In contrast to the state-of-the-art load shedding, which is performed today in grid emergency situations, the load management measures proposed in this project are targeted for the normal operation of the grid. Therefore, it has to be taken care that the impact on the energy service which the consumer receives from the grid is not too high. Load management measures have to be performed automatically and hidden. Consequently, only those electrical loads with a certain amount of flexibility in their consumption behaviour are targeted. These are primarily systems where electrical energy is converted into some other form of energy (thermal, potential energy etc.), which then can be stored for some time (thermal capacity of air-conditioned rooms, water heaters and so on). Four different market models have been developed and examined in the course of the project. All four target to utilise load management economically under the current or mid-term expectable legal framework. These models are:
    - Optimisation of transport costs: Reduction of line losses und grid extension costs by local consumption of distributed generation.
    - Renewable Energy: Better time-correlation between generation from renewables and demand.
    - Time-varying energy tariff: Offering a time-varying, transparent electricity tariff the end user which reflects the price changes on the energy stock market
    - Control energy: Integrating many small load management resources to one single large “virtual energy storage” that is used to provide primary control energy which is needed for the real-time balancing of demand and supply in the electric power grid.
    Closer examinations have shown that only the last two market models, time-varying energy tariff and control energy, are economically viable. Especially the control energy model is very attractive, since control energy is already sold for comparably high prices and a rise of control energy demand can be expected due to the increase of wind energy generation in the grid, making this model even more attractive. By providing control energy by load management, less conventional control capacities have to be allocated and consequently CO2 emissions are reduced.
    For providing control energy by a pool of electric loads taking part in a load management program, also complete technical concept had been developed (the “IRONBox”).
    A further advantageous aspect of the control energy model is, that the demand for primary control energy is “broadcasted” by the grid frequency, more precisely by its deviation from the nominal 50 Hz, which can cheaply be measured anywhere in the grid. Therefore, the communication infrastructure has only to fulfil very moderate requirements, since the real-time communication is provided by the grid itself. Internet communication or the emerging infrastructure for smart metering can be used to fulfil the communication demands.
    For an effective and efficient realisation of the proposed IRON-Technology it is of very high importance that the aspects of communication, business processes and hardware integration are strictly standardised. Open standards are the prerequisite for a broad support by different suppliers. The project team concludes that it will be necessary in future to integrate the smart technology, which currently is implemented in the stand-alone “IRON-Box”, into the end user equipment itself. Only by this measure, demand side management can be used to change our power grids from centralised and passive structures to active or “smart” grids.
    BibTeX:
    @techreport{Palensky2008f,
      author = {Peter Palensky and Friederich Kupzog and Stefan Grobbelaar and Marcus Meisel},
      title = {Integral Resource Optimization Network Concept},
      year = {2008}
    }
    					
    2015 Palensky, P.; Kupzog, F.; Strasser, T.; Stifter, M. & Leber, T. Zurawski, R. (Hrsg.) 61., Communication Protocols for Power System Automation ( The Industrial Communication Technology Handbook ) The Industrial Communication Technology Handbook , pp. 61-1 - 61-20   inbook
    BibTeX:
    @inbook{Palensky2015,
      author = {Peter Palensky and Friederich Kupzog and Thomas Strasser and Matthias Stifter and Thomas Leber},
      title = {The Industrial Communication Technology Handbook},
      publisher = {CRC Press},
      year = {2015},
      pages = {61-1 -- 61-20}
    }
    					
    2008 Palensky, P.; Kupzog, F.; Zaidi, A.A. & Zhou, K. Modeling domestic housing loads for demand response Proceedings of IEEE IECON 2008, Orlando, Florida   inproceedings
    Abstract: Increasing electricity demand and upcoming shortages of resources, make on-line energy management like peak-load reduction and control energy provision by the demand side of the electric power system a valuable method for keeping the grid stable and efficient. For developing the next generation if these methods, a simulation environment for studying demand response (DR) algorithms with large-scale and detailed grid simulations is currently developed. An important part of this is an accurate but computationally inexpensive dynamic model for domestic housing and small business loads. This paper presents the design of this model and the deduction of the model parameters. As a determining factor for domestic loads, the power consumption of heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) systems has been identified. The model is partly based on earlier proposals that simulate the state changes of thermostatically controlled processes, but the complexity is further reduced to an absolute minimum. The result can be used as one of the basic building blocks required to set up a comprehensive simulation of power consumption in electric power grids under DR conditions.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Palensky2008b,
      author = {Peter Palensky and Friederich Kupzog and Adeel Abbas Zaidi and Kai Zhou},
      title = {Modeling domestic housing loads for demand response},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of IEEE IECON 2008, Orlando, Florida},
      year = {2008},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/IECON.2008.4758392}
    }
    					
    2008 Palensky, P.; Kupzog, F.; Zaidi, A.A. & Zhou, K. A simulation platform for distributed energy optimization algorithms Proceedings of IEEE INDIN 2008, Daejon, Korea   inproceedings
    Abstract: Optimizing the energy system is vital for supply safety and efficient operation. One part of such optimization efforts are demand side measures. This article discusses a simulation platform for automated demand side management, i.e. automated load management. Up to now, the strategies and algorithms that decided where and when to take influence on the loads were very primitive. The complexity of the system did not allow for intuitively designing smarter algorithms. As the energy system is a wide area distributed system, questions about system stability, SCADA (supervisory control and data acquisition), reaction times or the relation to the wider environment (customer processes, energy market, etc.) are very difficult to research. The presented prototype is intended to offer a research platform for evaluating potential algorithms for their real-world usage. All relevant parts of the overall process “intelligent grid” are modeled into the world of discrete event simulation and first implementation results are discussed.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Palensky2008c,
      author = {Peter Palensky and Friederich Kupzog and Adeel Abbas Zaidi and Kai Zhou},
      title = {A simulation platform for distributed energy optimization algorithms},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of IEEE INDIN 2008, Daejon, Korea},
      year = {2008},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/INDIN.2008.4618120}
    }
    					
    2007 Palensky, P.; Lorenz, B. & Clarici, A. Cognitive and Affective Automation: Machines Using the Psychoanalytic Model of the Human Mind Proceedings of the first IEEE Engineering Neuro-Psychoanalysis Forum ENF 2007, Vienna , pp. 49-74   inproceedings
    Abstract: Technical systems get into serious troubles, where they are confronted with a certain degree of complexity. An analytical, exhaustive description of a complex problem is often not possible, and so its solution. Far away from scalar control loops and PLC (programmable logic controller) based machinery control, future automation systems are supposed to process a tremendous amount of information coming from millions of sensors and complex information sources like cameras. Large numbers of inexpensive and diverse sources of information can increase the performance of automation tasks in buildings, factories, transport systems, or machinery. However, the complex and context-dependent semantics of such large amounts of data make bit-by-bit processing and traditional rule-based decisions impossible. A new trail from the sensor values to decisions is necessary.
    This paper describes a bionic approach to this problem. The human mind, as described in the latest findings of neurology and psychoanalysis, gives a blueprint of a system that is potentially capable of filtering, evaluating, and judging situations and scenarios. The relationship between system/environment interactions, memory, emotions, learning, and higher mental processes is believed to be the key for the success exhibited by our species. Translating psychoanalytic insights of the mind to computers and machinery is a big challenge, but there is the promise of creating
    more capable technical systems and of better understanding of the human mind.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Palensky2007a,
      author = {Peter Palensky and Brigitte Lorenz and Andrea Clarici},
      title = {Cognitive and Affective Automation: Machines Using the Psychoanalytic Model of the Human Mind},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of the first IEEE Engineering Neuro-Psychoanalysis Forum ENF 2007, Vienna},
      year = {2007},
      pages = {49-74},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/INDIN.2007.4384958}
    }
    					
    2005 Palensky, P.; Lorenz, B.; Weihs, M.; Roesener, C.; Stadler, M. & Frank, T. Integral Resource Optimization Network Study   techreport
    Abstract: IRON (Integral Resource Optimization Network) Study is a research study about the coordination of decentralized energy resources (DERs). Recent developments within our energy system show a tendency towards more decentralization which leads to a number of implications. On one hand, a decentralized infrastructure can offer more reliability and a better support for the integration of renewable energy sources. On the other hand, the distribution grid must handle a bi-directional flow of energy, grid features like power quality can be decreased but also increased by decentralized energy resources.
    What is needed is an appropriate coordination of the members of such a decentralized energy system. The IRON system will offer a platform that networks an arbitrary number of DERs. This IT network goes way beyond the traditional control networks of the energy system.
    Depending on whether it is economically reasonable one can integrate every aspect of the energy system, down to the individual end consuming device. Good scalability and low costs are the two key factors.
    As target customers big office buildings, single-site plants (like wind power stations), private homes and small industries were identified. Large energy customers were not taken into account, since they often already have their own optimization system. The main technical requirements of the IRON system are as follows:
    - different classes of end-nodes depending on the respective target customers (functional as well as in price - costs of less than EUR 100 are aimed at), short amortization times (2 years)
    - easy - if possible automatic - installation, robust, zero-maintenance operation
    - good scalability up to 100.000 nodes
    - usage of Internet technology, field area networks and building automation technologies, coupling to existing control systems (DSM, interruptible loads, etc.)
    - provision of add-on services like security, information or remote home
    Similar solutions available on the market do not satisfy these requirements which makes it partly necessary to develop new technology in order to fill the white spots. New developments shall be largely based on open standards.
    The IRON system is conceptually neutral, it can be used for a multitude of emerging services, e.g. the synchronization of local energy generation and consumption, real-time pricing, global peak load management. The financial benefit generated by the distributed optimization system can be shared between the provider of the system and the networked customers.
    Within the first phase of the IRON project, the fundamental economical and technical requirements have been analyzed and the ideas of the project have been successfully installed in the relevant circles via intensive public relations activities. Cooperation partners for a follow-up project could be found easily.
    BibTeX:
    @techreport{Palensky2005d,
      author = {Peter Palensky and Brigitte Lorenz and Manfred Weihs and Charlotte Roesener and Michael Stadler and Thomas Frank},
      title = {Integral Resource Optimization Network Study},
      year = {2005}
    }
    					
    2003 Palensky, P. & Mahlknecht, S. Latest Trends in Building Automation Proceedings of OVE/GIT Fachtagung "Intelligente Gebaeude und Wohnungen - Vernetzt Denken", Wien, 26.03.2003   inproceedings
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Palensky2003d,
      author = {Peter Palensky and Stefan Mahlknecht},
      title = {Latest Trends in Building Automation},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of OVE/GIT Fachtagung "Intelligente Gebaeude und Wohnungen - Vernetzt Denken", Wien, 26.03.2003},
      year = {2003}
    }
    					
    2017 Palensky, P.; van der Meer, A.A.; Lopez, C.D.; Joseph, A. & Pan, K. Applied Cosimulation of intelligent power systems: Implementation, usage, and examples. IEEE Industrial Electronics Magazine
    Vol. 11 (2)  
    article
    BibTeX:
    @article{Palensky2017a,
      author = {Peter Palensky and Arjen A. van der Meer and Claudio David Lopez and Arun Joseph and Kaikai Pan},
      title = {Applied Cosimulation of intelligent power systems: Implementation, usage, and examples.},
      journal = {IEEE Industrial Electronics Magazine},
      year = {2017},
      volume = {11},
      number = {2}
    }
    					
    2017 Palensky, P.; Meer, A.A.V.D.; Lopez, C.D.; Joseph, A. & Pan, K. Cosimulation of Intelligent Power Systems: Fundamentals, Software Architecture, Numerics, and Coupling IEEE Industrial Electronics Magazine
    Vol. 11 (1) , pp. 34-50  
    article
    BibTeX:
    @article{Palensky2017,
      author = {P. Palensky and A. A. Van Der Meer and C. D. Lopez and A. Joseph and K. Pan},
      title = {Cosimulation of Intelligent Power Systems: Fundamentals, Software Architecture, Numerics, and Coupling},
      journal = {IEEE Industrial Electronics Magazine},
      year = {2017},
      volume = {11},
      number = {1},
      pages = {34-50},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MIE.2016.2639825}
    }
    					
    1997 Palensky, P. & Posta, R. Demand Side Management in private Homes using LonWorks Presentation at FET 1997, Vienna  misc
    Abstract: This paper presents a system to distribute power consumption in private homes uniformly over time as well as to reduce total power consumption to meet the interests of the energy producers. We proclaim autonomous and intelligent domestic appliances that communicate with each other. Every electrical device is supported by a built-in LonWorks-Node that incorporates distributed algorithms. The main objectives are the to provide logical relations between the devices, and to coordinate the energy consumption policy. All this happens in an autonomous, distributed way without any interaction with the user. The paper elaborates four different algorithms and indicates strategies to save energy in global dimensions.
    BibTeX:
    @misc{Palensky1997,
      author = {Peter Palensky and Ratko Posta},
      title = {Demand Side Management in private Homes using LonWorks},
      year = {1997}
    }
    					
    1997 Palensky, P. & Posta, R. Demand Side Management in private Homes using LonWorks D. Dietrich and H. Schweinzer (Eds.): Feldbustechnik in Forschung, Entwicklung und Anwendung , pp. 130-137   inbook
    Abstract: This paper presents a system to distribute power consumption in private homes uniformly over time as well as to reduce total power consumption to meet the interests of the energy producers. We proclaim autonomous and intelligent domestic appliances that communicate with each other. Every electrical device is supported by a built-in LonWorks-Node that incorporates distributed algorithms. The main objectives are the to provide logical relations between the devices, and to coordinate the energy consumption policy. All this happens in an autonomous, distributed way without any interaction with the user. The paper elaborates four different algorithms and indicates strategies to save energy in global dimensions.
    BibTeX:
    @inbook{Palensky1997b,
      author = {Peter Palensky and Ratko Posta},
      title = {Demand Side Management in private Homes using LonWorks},
      booktitle = {D. Dietrich and H. Schweinzer (Eds.): Feldbustechnik in Forschung, Entwicklung und Anwendung},
      publisher = {Springer},
      year = {1997},
      pages = {130-137}
    }
    					
    2006 Palensky, P. & Pratl, G. Kein Geld fuer psychiatrische Notfallshilfe? Monat , pp. 8-9 Monat, pp. 8-9  article
    BibTeX:
    @article{Palensky2006a,
      author = {Peter Palensky and Gerhard Pratl},
      title = {Kein Geld fuer psychiatrische Notfallshilfe?},
      journal = {Monat},
      year = {2006},
      pages = {8-9}
    }
    					
    2003 Palensky, P. & Pratl, G. Secure and scalable automated meter reading Proceedings of Domestic Use of Energy Conference, DUE 2003, Cape Town, South Africa, 01.04.2003 - 03.04.2003 , pp. 233-236   inproceedings
    Abstract: This paper proposes an architecture of Automated Meter Reading (AMR) that overcomes problems and inabilities of existing solutions, namely lack of data security and lack of scalability. Traditional meter reading systems use either point-to-point modem connections which do not scale well or radio- or probably even Internet-based systems with questionable security. This article discusses these problems, suggests adequate solutions and reports first test results.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Palensky2003e,
      author = {Peter Palensky and Gerhard Pratl},
      title = {Secure and scalable automated meter reading},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of Domestic Use of Energy Conference, DUE 2003, Cape Town, South Africa, 01.04.2003 - 03.04.2003},
      year = {2003},
      pages = {233-236}
    }
    					
    1997 Palensky, P.; Reiter, H. & Pfeiler, C. Electronic energy consulting in private homes by using LonWorks and Multimedia LonUsers International Fall 97 Conference, Amsterdam Oct. 28-29 1997, Amsterdam RAI   inproceedings
    Abstract: This paper describes the connection of the LonWorks component architecture with state-of-the-art multimedia software. In particular, we demonstrate the integration graphics, video and audio into a LonWorks based networking environment. Lingo, the script-language used by Macromedia Director®, is extended by a so-called Xtra which offers an interface to LonWorks. With such add-ons the well known Macromedia Director can be used to implement powerful and comfortable user interfaces for LonWorks networks.
    The idea behind this development was to offer residents of private homes sufficient information about their appliances’ energy consumption which is accessed by a LonWorks network. This information helps to save energy, however it is necessary to provide an easy-to-understand user interface.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Palensky1997c,
      author = {Peter Palensky and Heinrich Reiter and Christian Pfeiler},
      title = {Electronic energy consulting in private homes by using LonWorks and Multimedia},
      booktitle = {LonUsers International Fall 97 Conference, Amsterdam Oct. 28-29 1997, Amsterdam RAI},
      year = {1997}
    }
    					
    2003 Palensky, P.; Roessler, P. & Dietrich, D. Heim- und Gebaeudeautomatisierung zur Effizienzsteigerung in Gebaeuden e&i (Elektrotechnik & Informationstechnik) (120) , pp. 104-110   article
    Abstract: Automation systems are used in homes and buildings for many reasons. One important issue concerning this context is efficiency, particularly in large buildings. By using home and building automation, resources and devices can be controlled, monitored and maintained from one central office. The main feature is, however, to connect heating, ventilation, light systems and other devices used in homes and buildings together in one single network. That way, new possibilities concerning energy management and efficiency in general are opened.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Palensky2003c,
      author = {Peter Palensky and Peter Roessler and Dietmar Dietrich},
      title = {Heim- und Gebaeudeautomatisierung zur Effizienzsteigerung in Gebaeuden},
      journal = {e&i (Elektrotechnik & Informationstechnik)},
      publisher = {Springer},
      year = {2003},
      number = {120},
      pages = {104-110}
    }
    					
    2000 Palensky, P. & Sauter, T. Modular Software Architecture for Networked Appliances (9076019096) Proceedings of the Second International Workshop on Networked Appliances IWNA 2000, New Brunswick, NJ, November 2000   inproceedings
    Abstract: More and more manufacturers of home appliances equip their products with network interfaces to provide some sort of data exchange, typically between the devices and the user. The main application is remote access to the device, often including the Internet as communication channel. Autonomous data exchange between individual devices without any user interaction is rarely addressed, although this is a prerequisite for the interesting field of distributed applications.
    To provide “real” networking even on application level, however, it is not sufficient to just attach network interfaces to the devices. Also the functionality of the device (i.e., the control software and its interfaces accessible via the network) must have a structure suitable for distributed applications. Conventional monolithic solutions are inappropriate for this purpose.
    By contrast, we suggest the rigorous application of component-oriented software design to home automation appliances. The idea behind this approach is a flat hierarchy of functional components that can form a distributed system. Existing industrial standards for control- and other networks like BACNet, LonMark or CORBA already offer an object- or componentoriented view of distributed applications. We are moving these ideas into the direction of multi agent systems.
    The ultimate goal is to have a set of services spread over a certain home automation network that can be used by distributed and autonomous software modules implementing user oriented functionality. The first real-world research object is a refrigerator equipped with a network node. This “smart” refrigerator offers a number of services like actuators for the compressor, control objects, self-diagnosis objects and the like. It can control itself in an absolutely autonomous way (operated via the conventional front panel) or be fully or partially controlled by some other device in the network. All software modules are independent of each other and communicate over network messages. Thus it is, for example, easy to replace the built-in control algorithm by a more sophisticated one residing on a different network node. All that is required is to change the binding of the network messages.
    This abstract and flexible concept can be used for a wide range of applications. One possibility currently under investigation is a community of energy-managing software agents that organize themselves in an autonomous way. The refrigerator offers the necessary services like measurement and prediction of energy consumption as well as possibilities of scheduling its operation for a later time or entering an economy-mode. The distributed application on top of these services simply has to find and identify the functional components in the network.
    We try to use existing standards to describe these functional objects and not to invent additional parallel frameworks.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Palensky2000b,
      author = {Peter Palensky and Thilo Sauter},
      title = {Modular Software Architecture for Networked Appliances},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of the Second International Workshop on Networked Appliances IWNA 2000, New Brunswick, NJ, November 2000},
      year = {2000},
      number = {9076019096}
    }
    					
    2000 Palensky, P. & Sauter, T. Security Considerations for FAN-Internet connections (780386051) Proceedings of the 3rd IEEE International Workshop on Factory Communication Systems, Porto, Portugal, September 2000   inproceedings
    Abstract: The interconnection between field area networks and IP-based LANs as well as the Internet as a whole is becoming more and more popular. Emerging security issues have been neglected or underrated in the past. However, traditional security concepts that work well for LANs and the
    Internet are hardly applicable to fieldbus systems. Based on an example from home automation, we review the problem and consider ways to prevent attacks both from the outside world and from within the fieldbus. Particular emphasis is given to firewalls, which are found to be of only limited value for securing fieldbus-Internet gateways. To tackle the security problem both on fieldbus level and in the Internet, we propose the use of smart cards for authentication and encryption. We discuss modifications that are necessary to make fieldbus nodes secure, why smart cards are “different” and strategies to implement access control on the gateway.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Palensky2000c,
      author = {Peter Palensky and Thilo Sauter},
      title = {Security Considerations for FAN-Internet connections},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of the 3rd IEEE International Workshop on Factory Communication Systems, Porto, Portugal, September 2000},
      year = {2000},
      number = {780386051},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/WFCS.2000.882530}
    }
    					
    2000 Palensky, P.; Sauter, T. & Schwaiger, C. Security and fieldbus systems - a contradiction? itti (42) , pp. 31-37   article
    Abstract: As interconnections between fieldbus systems and open networks like the Internet become more popular, security questions gain importance. This article gives an overview about relevant terms and concepts as well as their application to fieldbusses. To increase security on the field level we propose an approach based on the proven concept of smart cards.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Palensky2000a,
      author = {Peter Palensky and Thilo Sauter and Christan Schwaiger},
      title = {Security and fieldbus systems - a contradiction?},
      journal = {itti},
      publisher = {Oldenbourg},
      year = {2000},
      number = {42},
      pages = {31-37}
    }
    					
    2006 Palensky, P.; Soucek, S.; von Klot, S. & Dietrich, D. Netzwerke und Gebaeude e&i (Elektrotechnik & Informationstechnik) , pp. 1-10   article
    Abstract: Building automation has experienced a substantial change during the last years. Previous questions like ‘‘How can I switch on my light?’’ or ‘‘How can I control my heating system?’’ were replaced by the insight that a building is the place of many processes that can be optimized and synergetically linked by means of information technology. A modern building hosts multiple networks, sometimes appearing pretty orthogonal. The corresponding services are telecommunication, intercom, office-applications, multimedia, security, alarming, access control, and controls for lighting, air conditioning or shading. These networks are the basis for high level automation: Processes can communicate, making them more reliable and efficient while leading to entirely new functions like remote control. The applied technology is heterogeneous and specialized; a network for fire alarms is different from a network for transmitting video-streams. We are now experiencing the second step in the evolution of the ‘‘integrated building’’: the convergence of previously separated systems. The advantages of an integrated infrastructure become evident: lower costs in maintenance, easier network management, seamless functionality and the opportunity to combine isolated processes in a reasonable manner. Information exchange between the heating system, the shades, occupancy sensors and the lighting system would allow for further energy savings. This convergence and the steady increase in node numbers lead to complex systems and amounts of data that demand new concepts of strategic design, planning, integration, implementation and maintenance.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Palensky2006,
      author = {Peter Palensky and Stefan Soucek and Sandrine von Klot and Dietmar Dietrich},
      title = {Netzwerke und Gebaeude},
      journal = {e&i (Elektrotechnik & Informationstechnik)},
      publisher = {Springer},
      year = {2006},
      pages = {1-10}
    }
    					
    2013 Palensky, P.; Widl, E. & Elsheikh, A. Simulating cyber-physical energy systems: challenges, tools and methods IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics
    Vol. 44 (3) , pp. 318-326  
    article
    BibTeX:
    @article{Palensky2013,
      author = {Peter Palensky and Edmund Widl and Atiyah Elsheikh},
      title = {Simulating cyber-physical energy systems: challenges, tools and methods},
      journal = {IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics},
      year = {2013},
      volume = {44},
      number = {3},
      pages = {318-326},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TSMCC.2013.2265739}
    }
    					
    2013 Palensky, P.; Widl, E.; Elsheikh, A. & Stifter, M. Modeling Intelligent Energy Systems: Co-Simulation Platform for Validating Flexible-Demand EV Charging Management IEEE Transactions on Smart Grids
    Vol. 4 (4) , pp. 1939-1947  
    article
    BibTeX:
    @article{Palensky2013a,
      author = {Peter Palensky and Edmund Widl and Atiyah Elsheikh and Matthias Stifter},
      title = {Modeling Intelligent Energy Systems: Co-Simulation Platform for Validating Flexible-Demand EV Charging Management},
      journal = {IEEE Transactions on Smart Grids},
      year = {2013},
      volume = {4},
      number = {4},
      pages = {1939-1947},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TSG.2013.2258050}
    }
    					
    2014 Palensky, P.; Widl, E.; Stifter, M. & Elsheikh, A. Modeling intelligent energy systems: Co-Simulation platform for validating flexible-demand EV charging management PES General Meeting | Conference Exposition, 2014 IEEE , pp. 1-1   inproceedings
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Palensky2014a,
      author = {Palensky, P. and Widl, E. and Stifter, M. and Elsheikh, A.},
      title = {Modeling intelligent energy systems: Co-Simulation platform for validating flexible-demand EV charging management},
      booktitle = {PES General Meeting | Conference Exposition, 2014 IEEE},
      year = {2014},
      pages = {1-1},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/PESGM.2014.6939434}
    }
    					
    2011 Palensky, P.; Zucker, G.; Judex, F.; Braun, R.; Kupzog, F.; Gamauf, T. & Haase, J. Demand Response with Functional Buildings using simplified Process Models Proceedings of the 37th IEEE Conference on Industrial Electronics   inproceedings
    Abstract: Smart Grids ideally interconnect intelligent grid
    members. One big share of grid presence is with buildings. Flexible
    and grid-friendly buildings would improve grid management
    and are an important contribution to the integration of renewable
    energy sources. Classical buildings, however, are passive and not
    cooperative. This article describes how electro-thermal processes
    in buildings can be used for demand response and how such intelligent
    behavior can be enabled via communication technology.
    Experiments and simulations on typical mid-European buildings
    were done to estimate the potential time constants.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Palensky2011a,
      author = {Peter Palensky and Gerhard Zucker and Florian Judex and Reiner Braun and Friederich Kupzog and Thomas Gamauf and Jan Haase},
      title = {Demand Response with Functional Buildings using simplified Process Models},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of the 37th IEEE Conference on Industrial Electronics},
      year = {2011},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/IECON.2011.6119828}
    }
    					
    2016 Pan, K.; Teixeira, A.; Cvetkovic, M. & Palensky, P. Combined Data Integrity and Availability Attacks on State Estimation in Cyber-Physical Power Grids Proceedings of 7th IEEE International Conference on Smart Grid Communications (SmartGridComm 2016)   inproceedings
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Pan2016,
      author = {Kaikai Pan and Andre Teixeira and Milos Cvetkovic and Peter Palensky},
      title = {Combined Data Integrity and Availability Attacks on State Estimation in Cyber-Physical Power Grids},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of 7th IEEE International Conference on Smart Grid Communications (SmartGridComm 2016)},
      year = {2016}
    }
    					
    2010 Park, S.C.; Lee, W.S.; Kim, S.H.; Hong, S.H. & Palensky, P. Implementation of a BACnet-ZigBee Gateway Proceedings of the 8th IEEE Conference on Industrial Informatics, IEEE INDIN 2010, Osaka, Japan   inproceedings
    Abstract: Communication networks are used to manage and control building facilities in an effective manner. The building automation control network (BACnet) is a standard data communication protocol designed specifically for building automation systems, and plays an important role as a representative building network. However, BACnet does not support a wireless channel, which would bring about several advantages, including reduced installation cost and eased placement constraints on the transceivers, as well as the introduction of flexible extensions and mobile device
    connectivity. Currently, the introduction and standardization of ZigBee as a BACnet wireless channel is under consideration by both the BACnet and ZigBee organizations. This paper describes a method of implementing a BACnet-ZigBee gateway.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Park2010,
      author = {Seok Cheol Park and Woo Suk Lee and Se Hwan Kim and Seung Ho Hong and Peter Palensky},
      title = {Implementation of a BACnet-ZigBee Gateway},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of the 8th IEEE Conference on Industrial Informatics, IEEE INDIN 2010, Osaka, Japan},
      year = {2010},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/INDIN.2010.5549468}
    }
    					
    2008 Piette, M.A.; Ghatikar, G.; Kiliccote, S.; Koch, E.; Hennage, D.; Palensky, P. & McParland, C. Open Automated Demand Response Communications Specification (Version 1.0) (LBNL-1779E)   techreport
    BibTeX:
    @techreport{Piette2008,
      author = {Mary Ann Piette and Girish Ghatikar and Sila Kiliccote and Ed Koch and Dan Hennage and Peter Palensky and Charles McParland},
      title = {Open Automated Demand Response Communications Specification (Version 1.0)},
      year = {2008},
      number = {LBNL-1779E},
      url = {http://openadr.lbl.gov/pdf/cec-500-2009-063.pdf}
    }
    					
    2004 Plaxina, O.; Seleznev, K. & Palensky, P. Laboratory Complex for Remote Training on Distributed Automation Networks (0780356705) Proceedings CD of IEEE International Symposium on Remote Engineering and Virtual Instrumentation 2004 (REV2004)   inproceedings
    Abstract: Training in the area of automation can lead to costly investment. Equipment, tools and training facilities might be too expensive in order to just "try it out". This holds for educational institutions like universities as well as for small and medium enterprises.
    Distance education and virtual laboratories help evaluating new and advanced technologies. “Laboratory complex for remote training on distributed automation networks" (hereinafter referred to as Laboratory Complex) is a unique practice tool for modern technologies used in building automation, industrial installations and manufacturing systems. It was designed and implemented within the cooperative work between Vienna University of Technology (Austria) and Perm State Technical University (Russia).
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Plaxina2004,
      author = {Olga Plaxina and Kiril Seleznev and Peter Palensky},
      title = {Laboratory Complex for Remote Training on Distributed Automation Networks},
      booktitle = {Proceedings CD of IEEE International Symposium on Remote Engineering and Virtual Instrumentation 2004 (REV2004)},
      year = {2004},
      number = {0780356705}
    }
    					
    2012 Pol, O.; Palensky, P.; Kuh, C.; Leutgoeb, K.; Page, J. & Zucker, G. Integration of centralised energy monitoring specifications into the planning process of a new urban development area: a step towards smart cities e&i (Elektrotechnik & Informationstechnik)
    Vol. 129 (4) , pp. 258-264  
    article
    Abstract: New urban development areas are expected to meet top level ecological figures and
    emission standards. Beside the design and construction phases, it is mainly the
    runtime of neighbourhoods that has impact on its carbon footprint. Energy monitoring is
    a powerful tool for energy analytics, benchmarking, improvements and even real-time
    energy management at neighbourhood scale. Unfortunately, the standard planning
    mechanisms contain obstacles for seamless monitoring. This paper describes the
    fundamentals of centralised monitoring at neighbourhood scale, presents real-world
    examples showing their limits and introduces a current project aiming at tackling some
    of the lessons learned.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Pol2012,
      author = {Olivier Pol and Peter Palensky and Christoph Kuh and Klemens Leutgoeb and Jessen Page and Gerhard Zucker},
      title = {Integration of centralised energy monitoring specifications into the planning process of a new urban development area: a step towards smart cities},
      journal = {e&i (Elektrotechnik & Informationstechnik)},
      year = {2012},
      volume = {129},
      number = {4},
      pages = {258-264},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00502-012-0010-7}
    }
    					
    2005 Pratl, G. & Palensky, P. Project ARS - The next step towards an intelligent environment Proceedings of the The IEE International Workshop on Intelligent Environments, Colcester, England, 06-28-2005 - 06-29-2005 , pp. 55-62   inproceedings
    Abstract: Project ARS (advanced recognition system) researches the future possibilities for building automation. Psychological models are used to deal with massive amounts of data in order to manage complex scenarios. Such a system would enable a building automation system to detect and comprehend situations that are too complex for existing solutions. This paper describes the motivation for this system, the impressive challenges and the first steps of implementing it.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Pratl2005,
      author = {Gerhard Pratl and Peter Palensky},
      title = {Project ARS - The next step towards an intelligent environment},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of the The IEE International Workshop on Intelligent Environments, Colcester, England, 06-28-2005 - 06-29-2005},
      year = {2005},
      pages = {55-62}
    }
    					
    2016 Praus, F.; Kastner, W. & Palensky, P. Meier, M.; Reinhardt, D. & Wendzel, S. (Hrsg.) Lecture Notes in Informatics (LNI) Software security requirements in building automation (978-3-88579-650-3) Sicherheit 2016: Sicherheit, Schutz und Zuverlässigkeit,
    Beiträge der 8. Jahrestagung des Fachbereichs Sicherheit der
    Gesellschaft für Informatik e.V. (GI) , pp. 217-228  
    inproceedings
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Praus2016,
      author = {Friedrich Praus and Wolfgang Kastner and Peter Palensky},
      title = {Software security requirements in building automation},
      booktitle = {Sicherheit 2016: Sicherheit, Schutz und Zuverlässigkeit, 
    Beiträge der 8. Jahrestagung des Fachbereichs Sicherheit der
    Gesellschaft für Informatik e.V. (GI)}, year = {2016}, number = {978-3-88579-650-3}, pages = {217--228} }
    2016 Praus, F.; Kastner, W. & Palensky, P. Secure Control Applications in Smart Homes and Buildings Journal of Universal Computer Science
    Vol. 22 (9) , pp. 1249-1273  
    article
    Abstract: With today's ongoing integration of heterogeneous building automation systems, increased comfort, energy efficiency, improved building management, sustainability as well as advanced applications such as active & assisted living scenarios become possible. These smart homes and buildings are implemented as decentralized systems, where embedded devices are connected via networks to exchange their data.
    Obviously, the demands - especially regarding security - increase: Secure communication becomes equally important as secure software being executed on the embedded devices. While the former has been addressed by standardization committees, manufacturers and researchers, until now the problem of secure control applications in this domain has not been addressed extensively. This leads to insecure and unprotected software being executed on the embedded devices. Thus, adversaries are capable of attacking building automation systems.
    This paper introduces an architecture for distributed control applications in smart homes and buildings, which tackles the problem on how to secure software running on different device classes. The following novelties are contributed: an application model capable of depicting control applications in a formal way, the concept of security attributes, being able to formally specify a security policy, and a framework, which allows the secure development and execution of control applications, and an enforcement of the defined security policies.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Praus2016a,
      author = {Friedrich Praus and Wolfgang Kastner and Peter Palensky},
      title = {Secure Control Applications in Smart Homes and Buildings},
      journal = {Journal of Universal Computer Science},
      year = {2016},
      volume = {22},
      number = {9},
      pages = {1249--1273},
      url = {http://www.jucs.org/jucs_22_9/secure_control_applications_in}
    }
    					
    2007 Prueggler, W.; Kupzog, F.; Bletterie, B.; Pfajfar, T.; Auer, H. & Palensky, P. Status quo of Distributed Generation, future trends and recommendations for active Distribution Grid Operation in Austria Proceedings of International Youth Conference on Energetics   inproceedings
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Prueggler2007,
      author = {Wolfgang Prueggler and Friederich Kupzog and Benoit Bletterie and Tomaz Pfajfar and Hans Auer and Peter Palensky},
      title = {Status quo of Distributed Generation, future trends and recommendations for active Distribution Grid Operation in Austria},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of International Youth Conference on Energetics},
      year = {2007}
    }
    					
    2005 Rausch, T. & Palensky, P. PROFESY: Intelligent Global Energy Management (0780341821) Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Intelligent Engineering Systems (INES 2005), Mediterranean, Greece   inproceedings
    Abstract: Global energy management coordinates spatially distributed energy consumers. While local energy management systems use controllers like maximum demand monitors (MDMs), global systems align these localized decisions of MDMs in order to minimize “global” consumption peaks.
    PROFESY is a new idea how to combine and optimize such a network of MDMs. One of the new aspects of PROFESY is its soft interference. Energy management systems naturally take influence on customer processes: they switch off loads, if peaks are about to happen. PROFESY learns and predicts the behavior of individual nodes and softly exploits unused optimization potential. Ideally, the customer's processes are not aware that they are subject to global energy managementat all.
    The algorithms that were implemented use artificial neural networks and rely on a database which contains historic energy management records and environmental data. The complexity of creating optimized load predictions which again manipulate the power demand of a particular consumer is a challenging task, but the results are encouraging.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Rausch2005,
      author = {Thomas Rausch and Peter Palensky},
      title = {PROFESY: Intelligent Global Energy Management},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Intelligent Engineering Systems (INES 2005), Mediterranean, Greece},
      year = {2005},
      number = {0780341821},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/INES.2005.1555131}
    }
    					
    2005 Roesener, C.; Palensky, P.; Weihs, M.; Lorenz, B. & Stadler, M. Integral Resource Optimization Network - a new solution on power markets 3rd International IEEE Conference on Industrial Informatics (INDIN 2005), Perth, Australia   inproceedings
    Abstract: Many of today’s European power systems are influenced by the deregulated energy market. Although demand and supply result in free prices and customers are free to choose their supplier, the flow of information and motivation does not reach the end customer. Optimization is done on the
    energy spot market, and customers usually cannot benefit from the freedom and chances the free energy market offers. By means of information and automation technology, the IRON (integral resource optimization network) project tries to increase this flow of information. Every member of an energy distribution network – distributed generation, end customer, etc. – should be able to actively take part in the energy business. Currently, only big power plants are “networked” and coordinate their behavior, according to the demand and market situation. New trends and ideas in the energy business require a more detailed network, the IRON project started to investigate the technical feasibility of such networks.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Roesener2005,
      author = {Charlotte Roesener and Peter Palensky and Manfred Weihs and Brigitte Lorenz and Michael Stadler},
      title = {Integral Resource Optimization Network - a new solution on power markets},
      booktitle = {3rd International IEEE Conference on Industrial Informatics (INDIN 2005), Perth, Australia},
      year = {2005},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/INDIN.2005.1560441}
    }
    					
    2001 Sauter, T. & Palensky, P. The smart Fridge - a networked appliance Feldbustagung FeT01, Nancy, 15.11.2001 - 16.11.2001, in: "Proceedings of FET 2001" , pp. 161-164   inproceedings
    Abstract: Networked appliances are becoming more and more popular. Most available products, however, do not take advantage of networking and provide only point-to-point communication between the user and the device. To benefit from networking, however the functionality of the device must be suitable for distributed applications. We demonstrate such an approach for a smart refrigerator equipped with a LonWorks interface and a set of modular, independent control functions. One of the goals of this approach is to establish a distributed energy management system based on software agents.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Sauter2001,
      author = {Thilo Sauter and Peter Palensky},
      title = {The smart Fridge - a networked appliance},
      booktitle = {Feldbustagung FeT01, Nancy, 15.11.2001 - 16.11.2001, in: "Proceedings of FET 2001"},
      year = {2001},
      pages = {161-164}
    }
    					
    2001 Sauter, T. & Palensky, P. Network Technology for Distributed Plant Automation Proceedings of INES 2001, Helsinki/Stockholm, September 2001 , pp. 407-412   inproceedings
    Abstract: This paper briefly describes the goals and strategies of the PABADIS project that uses software agent technology to create distributed structures in plant automation. Subsequently, we discuss the network requirements for flexible automation systems, in particular with respect to plug-and-participate mechanisms. Finally, we investigate whether mobile agents are reasonable in such a context. It will be shown that atomicity is a strong argument in favor of mobility, and that mobile agents can improve the flexibility and robustness of the system.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Sauter2001a,
      author = {Thilo Sauter and Peter Palensky},
      title = {Network Technology for Distributed Plant Automation},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of INES 2001, Helsinki/Stockholm, September 2001},
      publisher = {Institute of Production Engineering, Tampere, Finland},
      year = {2001},
      pages = {407-412}
    }
    					
    2000 Sauter, T. & Palensky, P. A closer look into Internet-fieldbus connectivity e&i (Elektrotechnik & Informationstechnik) (117) , pp. 314-318   article
    Abstract: The use of IP-based networks as a convenient means to remotely access fieldbus systems is a hot topic and will become more and more widespread in the near future. In this article, we shall explore possibilities to achieve this goal and discuss the basic requirements for such an interconnection. Particular emphasis will be given to the architectural shortcomings of existing approaches and to emerging security issues.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Sauter2000,
      author = {Thilo Sauter and Peter Palensky},
      title = {A closer look into Internet-fieldbus connectivity},
      journal = {e&i (Elektrotechnik & Informationstechnik)},
      publisher = {Springer},
      year = {2000},
      number = {117},
      pages = {314-318}
    }
    					
    2005 Sauter, T.; Treytl, A. & Palensky, P. IT-Security in der Energie-Automatisierung e&i (Elektrotechnik & Informationstechnik) , pp. 178-182   article
    Abstract: The increasing use of information technology in energy distribution and the wide interconnection of such systems bring security issues into the focus of interest. This contribution introduces the essential concepts and concentrates on specific security requirements and risks in energy automation. At the example of the two different data acquisition systems REMPLI and JEVis, a possible implementation of security concepts is discussed.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Sauter2005,
      author = {Thilo Sauter and Albert Treytl and Peter Palensky},
      title = {IT-Security in der Energie-Automatisierung},
      journal = {e&i (Elektrotechnik & Informationstechnik)},
      publisher = {Springer},
      year = {2005},
      pages = {178-182}
    }
    					
    2015 Schloegl, F.; Rohjans, S.; Lehnhoff, S.; Velasquez, J.; Steinbrink, C. & Palensky, P. Towards a Classification Scheme for Co-Simulation Approaches in Energy Systems Proceedings of 2015 International Symposium on Smart Electric Distribution Systems and Technologies (EDST)   inproceedings
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Schloegl2015,
      author = {Florian Schloegl and Sebastian Rohjans and Sebastian Lehnhoff and Jorge Velasquez and Cornelius Steinbrink and Peter Palensky},
      title = {Towards a Classification Scheme for Co-Simulation Approaches in Energy Systems},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of 2015 International Symposium on Smart Electric Distribution Systems and Technologies (EDST)},
      year = {2015},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/SEDST.2015.7315262}
    }
    					
    2016 Shahzad, M.; Ahmad, I.; Gawlik, W. & Palensky, P. Load Concentration Factor Based Analytical Method for Optimal Placement of Multiple Distribution Generators for Loss Minimization and Voltage Profile Improvement Energies
    Vol. 9 (4) , pp. 287  
    article
    Abstract: This paper presents novel separate methods for finding optimal locations, sizes of multiple distributed generators (DGs) simultaneously and operational power factor in order to minimize power loss and improve the voltage profile in the distribution system. A load concentration factor (LCF) is introduced to select the optimal location(s) for DG placement. Exact loss formula based analytical expressions are derived for calculating the optimal sizes of any number of DGs simultaneously. Since neither optimizing the location nor optimizing the size is done iteratively, like existing methods do, the simulation time is reduced considerably. The exhaustive method is used to find the operational power factor, and it is shown with the results that the losses are further reduced and voltage profile is improved by operating the DGs at operational power factor. Results for power loss reduction and voltage profile improvement in IEEE 37 and 119 node radial distribution systems are presented and compared with the the loss sensitivity factor (LSF) method, improved analytical (IA) and exhaustive load flow method (ELF). The comparison for operational power factor and other power factors is also presented.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Shahzad2016,
      author = {Shahzad, Mohsin and Ahmad, Ishtiaq and Gawlik, Wolfgang and Palensky, Peter},
      title = {Load Concentration Factor Based Analytical Method for Optimal Placement of Multiple Distribution Generators for Loss Minimization and Voltage Profile Improvement},
      journal = {Energies},
      year = {2016},
      volume = {9},
      number = {4},
      pages = {287},
      url = {http://www.mdpi.com/1996-1073/9/4/287},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/en9040287}
    }
    					
    2016 Shahzad, M.; Ahmad, I.; Gawlik, W. & Palensky, P. Active power loss minimization in radial distribution networks with analytical method of simultaneous optimal DG sizing 2016 IEEE International Conference on Industrial Technology (ICIT) , pp. 470-475   inproceedings
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Shahzad2016a,
      author = {M. Shahzad and I. Ahmad and W. Gawlik and P. Palensky},
      title = {Active power loss minimization in radial distribution networks with analytical method of simultaneous optimal DG sizing},
      booktitle = {2016 IEEE International Conference on Industrial Technology (ICIT)},
      year = {2016},
      pages = {470-475},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ICIT.2016.7474797}
    }
    					
    2016 Shahzad, M.; Ahmad, I.; Gawlik, W. & Palensky, P. Voltage profile improvement in radial distribution networks with analytical method of simultaneous optimal DG sizing 2016 18th Mediterranean Electrotechnical Conference (MELECON) , pp. 1-6   inproceedings
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Shahzad2016b,
      author = {M. Shahzad and I. Ahmad and W. Gawlik and P. Palensky},
      title = {Voltage profile improvement in radial distribution networks with analytical method of simultaneous optimal DG sizing},
      booktitle = {2016 18th Mediterranean Electrotechnical Conference (MELECON)},
      year = {2016},
      pages = {1-6},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MELCON.2016.7495366}
    }
    					
    2016 Shahzad, M.; Gawlik, W. & Palensky, P. Voltage Quality Index Based Method to Quantify the Advantages of Optimal DG Placement Proceedings of 14th International Conference on Frontiers of Information Technology (FIT'16)   inproceedings
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Shahzad2016c,
      author = {Mohsin Shahzad and Wolfgang Gawlik and Peter Palensky},
      title = {Voltage Quality Index Based Method to Quantify the Advantages of Optimal DG Placement},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of 14th International Conference on Frontiers of Information Technology (FIT'16)},
      year = {2016}
    }
    					
    2014 Shahzad, M.; Ullah, I.; Palensky, P. & Gawlik, W. IEEE Analytical approach for simultaneous optimal sizing and placement of multiple Distributed Generators in primary distribution networks Industrial Electronics (ISIE), 2014 IEEE 23rd International Symposium on , pp. 2554-2559   inproceedings
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Shahzad2014,
      author = {Shahzad, Mohsin and Ullah, Ikram and Palensky, Peter and Gawlik, Wolfgang},
      title = {Analytical approach for simultaneous optimal sizing and placement of multiple Distributed Generators in primary distribution networks},
      booktitle = {Industrial Electronics (ISIE), 2014 IEEE 23rd International Symposium on},
      year = {2014},
      pages = {2554--2559},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ISIE.2014.6865022}
    }
    					
    2015 Shiobara, T.; Palensky, P. & Nishi, H. Effective Metering Data Aggregation for Smart Grid Communication Infrastructure Proceedings of IEEE IECON 2015   inproceedings
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Shiobara2015,
      author = {Toshichika Shiobara and Peter Palensky and Hiroaki Nishi},
      title = {Effective Metering Data Aggregation for Smart Grid Communication Infrastructure},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of IEEE IECON 2015},
      year = {2015},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/IECON.2015.7392417}
    }
    					
    2013 Simoes, M.G.; Mohagheghi, S.; Siano, P.; Palensky, P. & Yu, X. Advances in information technology for Smart Grids Proceedings of the 39th IEEE Conference on Industrial Electronics IECON 2013   inproceedings
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Simoes2013,
      author = {Marcelo Godoy Simoes and S. Mohagheghi and Pierluigi Siano and Peter Palensky and Xinghuo Yu},
      title = {Advances in information technology for Smart Grids},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of the 39th IEEE Conference on Industrial Electronics IECON 2013},
      year = {2013},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/IECON.2013.6699108}
    }
    					
    2007 Stadler, M.; Kupzog, F. & Palensky, P. Distributed Energy Resource Allocation and Dispatch: an Economic and Technological Perception International Journal of Electronic Business Management
    Vol. 5 (4) , pp. 59-73  
    article
    Abstract: Despite the recent easing of electricity whole prices the absolute levels of on-peak electricity prices for most markets is tremendous high. The German on-peak electricity wholesale price is about 290% higher than six years ago, which has been resulted in sequences of tariff hikes. These tariff hikes burden economies worldwide and result in higher inflation or economic cool down. Therefore, beside efficiency measures and the Kyoto target also load-management-programs have to be of high interest for an economy. Such programs are able to stabilize electricity prices and reduce negative effects on the economy due to stable electricity prices. This paper focuses on the negative impact of market power (gaming) and the possible amplified price spikes during on-peak hours especially. A simple model is presented which is able to describe the strategic behaviour of similar market players during on-peak and off-peak hours. Furthermore, the work shows in an easy way how consumers can mitigate market power – turn a chicken game (withhold supply units) into a prisoners’ dilemma (offer all supply units) - by creating a short term demand curve.
    We conclude that for a sustainable electricity system without unusual high price spikes a consideration of the short term demand curve by using automated systems is important. It is necessary to introduce a technical infrastructure which makes unused load shift potentials accessible and gives consumers the possibility to react to price spikes easily in the short term without sacrificing comfort or services. We present a new automated approach to create such a short term demand curve. The proposed Integral Resource Optimization Network – ‘IRON’ indicates a robust and distributed automation network for the optimization of distributed energy supply and usage. We describe a basic generic model for load shifting, which allows describing a collective storage management in an easy way. Furthermore, the first real implementation result of the research is presented – the so-called IRON-Box, a hardware interface that realises the interface between load resources and the IT infrastructure. The IRON-Box can measure – among other things – the power consumption patterns of the connected load and generate statistics about the load utilization, which can be used for optimizing load schedules and for creating short term demand curves.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Stadler2007,
      author = {Michael Stadler and Friederich Kupzog and Peter Palensky},
      title = {Distributed Energy Resource Allocation and Dispatch: an Economic and Technological Perception},
      journal = {International Journal of Electronic Business Management},
      year = {2007},
      volume = {5},
      number = {4},
      pages = {59-73}
    }
    					
    2005 Stadler, M.; Palensky, P.; Lorenz, B.; Weihs, M. & Roesener, C. Integral Resource Optimization Networks and their techno-economic constraints International Journal on Distributed Energy Systems
    Vol. 1 (4) , pp. 299-320  
    article
    Abstract: The currently observed lurking trends in possible shortages of primary energy (e.g. crude oil) as well as the high demand result to a steeply increase in electricity wholesale prices. Therefore, beside efficiency measures and the Kyoto target also Load-Management-Programs have to be of high interest for an economy. Such programs do not necessarily increase the energy efficiency, but they are able to stabilize electricity prices and reduce negative effects on the economy due to stable electricity prices. This paper describes the economic benefits derived from Integral Resource Optimization Networks (IRONs - an IT-infrastructure creating new opportunities for Load-Management and Distributed Generation). A simple economicmodel is presented which is able to describe the interactions between consumers and energy suppliers. Furthermore, policy conclusions for well working IRONs are derived. One of the major conclusion derived from investigations in this paper is: For a sustainable electricity system without unusual high price spikes a consideration of the (short term) demand curve is compulsory. It is necessary to introduce a technical infrastructure (e.g. IRONs) which gives consumers easily the possibility to react to price spikes in the short term without loss of comfort. Therefore, the second part of this paper describes the technical aspects of such Integral Resource Optimization Networks and possible concepts for their realisation.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Stadler2005,
      author = {Michael Stadler and Peter Palensky and Brigitte Lorenz and Manfred Weihs and Charlotte Roesener},
      title = {Integral Resource Optimization Networks and their techno-economic constraints},
      journal = {International Journal on Distributed Energy Systems},
      year = {2005},
      volume = {1},
      number = {4},
      pages = {299-320},
      note = {Technology & Science Publishers, Germany}
    }
    					
    2013 Stifter, M. & Palensky, P. Smart Meter Data as a Basis for Smart Control in Low Voltage Distribution Networks Proceedings of the International Symposion on Industrial Electronics ISIE 2013   inproceedings
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Stifter2013a,
      author = {Matthias Stifter and Peter Palensky},
      title = {Smart Meter Data as a Basis for Smart Control in Low Voltage Distribution Networks},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of the International Symposion on Industrial Electronics ISIE 2013},
      year = {2013},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ISIE.2013.6563885}
    }
    					
    2013 Stifter, M.; Widl, E.; Andren, F.; Elsheikh, A.; Strasser, T. & Palensky, P. Co-Simulation of Components, Controls and Power Systems based on Open Source Software Proceedings of the IEEE PES General Meeting 2013   inproceedings
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Stifter2013,
      author = {Matthias Stifter and Edmund Widl and Filip Andren and Atiyah Elsheikh and Thomas Strasser and Peter Palensky},
      title = {Co-Simulation of Components, Controls and Power Systems based on Open Source Software},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE PES General Meeting 2013},
      year = {2013},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/PESMG.2013.6672388}
    }
    					
    2013 Strasser, T.; Andren, F.; Lehfuss, F.; Stifter, M. & Palensky, P. Online Reconfigurable Control Software for IEDs IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics
    Vol. 9 (3) , pp. 1455-1465  
    article
    BibTeX:
    @article{Strasser2013,
      author = {Strasser, T. and Andren, F. and Lehfuss, F. and Stifter, M. and Palensky, P.},
      title = {Online Reconfigurable Control Software for IEDs},
      journal = {IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics},
      year = {2013},
      volume = {9},
      number = {3},
      pages = {1455-1465},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TII.2013.2247045}
    }
    					
    2016 Strasser, T.; Pröstl Andrén, F.; Lauss, G.; Bründlinger, R.; Brunner, H.; Moyo, C.; Seitl, C.; Rohjans, S.; Lehnhoff, S.; Palensky, P.; Kotsampopoulos, P.; Hatziargyriou, N.; Arnold, G.; Heckmann, W.; Jong, E.; Verga, M.; Franchioni, G.; Martini, L.; Kosek, A.; Gehrke, O.; Bindner, H.; Coffele, F.; Burt, G.; Calin, M. & Rodriguez-Seco, E. Towards holistic power distribution system validation and testing--an overview and discussion of different possibilities e & i Elektrotechnik und Informationstechnik , pp. 1-7   article
    Abstract: Renewable energy sources are key enablers to decrease greenhouse gas emissions and to cope with the anthropogenic global warming. Their intermittent behaviour and limited storage capabilities present challenges to power system operators in maintaining the high level of power quality and reliability. However, the increased availability of advanced automation and communication technologies has provided new intelligent solutions to face these challenges. Previous work has presented various new methods to operate highly interconnected power grids with corresponding components in a more effective way. As a consequence of these developments the traditional power system is transformed into a cyber-physical system, a smart grid.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Strasser2016,
      author = {Strasser, Thomas
    and Pröstl Andrén, Filip
    and Lauss, Georg
    and Bründlinger, Roland
    and Brunner, Helfried
    and Moyo, Cyndi
    and Seitl, Christian
    and Rohjans, Sebastian
    and Lehnhoff, Sebastian
    and Palensky, Peter
    and Kotsampopoulos, Panos
    and Hatziargyriou, Nikos
    and Arnold, Gunter
    and Heckmann, Wolfram
    and Jong, Erik
    and Verga, Maurizio
    and Franchioni, Giorgio
    and Martini, Luciano
    and Kosek, Anna
    and Gehrke, Oliver
    and Bindner, Henrik
    and Coffele, Federico
    and Burt, Graeme
    and Calin, Mihai
    and Rodriguez-Seco, Emilio}, title = {Towards holistic power distribution system validation and testing---an overview and discussion of different possibilities}, journal = {e & i Elektrotechnik und Informationstechnik}, year = {2016}, pages = {1--7}, url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00502-016-0453-3}, doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00502-016-0453-3} }
    2014 Strasser, T.; Stifter, M.; Andren, F. & Palensky, P. Co-Simulation Training Platform for Smart Grids IEEE Transactions on Power Systems
    Vol. 29 (4) , pp. 1989-1997  
    article
    BibTeX:
    @article{Strasser2014,
      author = {Thomas Strasser and Matthias Stifter and Filip Andren and Peter Palensky},
      title = {Co-Simulation Training Platform for Smart Grids},
      journal = {IEEE Transactions on Power Systems},
      year = {2014},
      volume = {29},
      number = {4},
      pages = {1989-1997},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TPWRS.2014.2305740}
    }
    					
    2007 Tamandl, T.; Preininger, P.; Novak, T. & Palensky, P. Testing Approach for Online Hardware Self Tests in Embedded Safety Related Systems (952150689X) Proceedings of 12th IEEE Conference on Emerging Technologies and Factory Automation (ETFA 2007), Patras, Greece, 09-25-2007 - 09-28-2007   inproceedings
    Abstract: In safety related systems online hardware self tests are integrated to reach a defined level of hardware integrity. These tests comprise testing of the static and volatile memory and the CPU internals. The more rigor the safety integrity requirements the higher the performance of such test must be. Additionally, the effort to verify the correctness of the tests is rising. Hence, designing the test, and the validation and verification of the tests, is a critical part in the development process for safety related systems.
    The verification of the correct behavior requires sophisticated methods for stimulating errors that must be detected by the tests. The document describes an environment for testing the online hardware self tests automatically.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Tamandl2007,
      author = {Thomas Tamandl and Peter Preininger and Thomas Novak and Peter Palensky},
      title = {Testing Approach for Online Hardware Self Tests in Embedded Safety Related Systems},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of 12th IEEE Conference on Emerging Technologies and Factory Automation (ETFA 2007), Patras, Greece, 09-25-2007 - 09-28-2007},
      year = {2007},
      number = {952150689X},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/EFTA.2007.4416927}
    }
    					
    2005 Treytl, A.; Palensky, P. & Sauter, T. Security considerations for energy automation networks (9076019096) 6th IFAC International Conference on Fieldbus Systems and their Applications (FeT 2005), Puebla, Mexico   inproceedings
    Abstract: Modern society relies on a reliable energy distribution network. Recent incidents such as the infiltration of a U.S. nuclear power plant together with the impacts of big power outages call for security measures to guarantee supply with energy. This article will deal with security goals, attacks, and protection mechanisms for energy automation systems. Nevertheless many of the discussed issues and solutions also apply to other large scale automation systems.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Treytl2005,
      author = {Albert Treytl and Peter Palensky and Thilo Sauter},
      title = {Security considerations for energy automation networks},
      booktitle = {6th IFAC International Conference on Fieldbus Systems and their Applications (FeT 2005), Puebla, Mexico},
      publisher = {Springer},
      year = {2005},
      number = {9076019096}
    }
    					
    2016 Ullah, I.; Gawlik, W. & Palensky, P. Analysis of Power Network for Line Reactance Variation to Improve Total Transmission Capacity Energies
    Vol. 9 (936)  
    article
    BibTeX:
    @article{Ullah2016,
      author = {Ikram Ullah and Wolfgang Gawlik and Peter Palensky},
      title = {Analysis of Power Network for Line Reactance Variation to Improve Total Transmission Capacity},
      journal = {Energies},
      year = {2016},
      volume = {9},
      number = {936},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/en9110936}
    }
    					
    2012 Vazques, F.I.; Palensky, P.; Cantos, S. & Kupzog, F. Demand Side Management for Stand-Alone Hybrid Power Systems Based on Load Identification Energies
    Vol. 5 (11) , pp. 4517-4532  
    article
    Abstract: Within the field of Distributed Generation (DG), stand-alone Hybrid Power
    Systems (HPS) are a suitable solution to provide energy to isolated facilities where
    the connection to a centralized grid is not affordable. The logical evolution of such
    systems involves the optimization of power resources and related control strategies, but
    also enhancements concerning the management of energy loads. This paper introduces
    Demand Side Management (DSM) strategies specially designed for HPS. They are applied
    on a real and patented HPS that consists of PV panels, a diesel generator, an inverter and
    a set of batteries. DSM strategies are built up on a framework of distributed endpoint
    devices connected to a central control application where loads are identified according to
    their behavior. System network components, load definitions, the control application and
    DSM strategies are depicted. Finally, simulations show illustrative savings achieved by the
    application of some of the proposed strategies.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Vazquez2012,
      author = {Vazques, Felix Iglesias and Palensky, Peter and Cantos, Sergio and Kupzog, Friederich},
      title = {Demand Side Management for Stand-Alone Hybrid Power Systems Based on Load Identification},
      journal = {Energies},
      year = {2012},
      volume = {5},
      number = {11},
      pages = {4517-4532},
      url = {http://www.mdpi.com/1996-1073/5/11/4517},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/en5114517}
    }
    					
    2013 Vazquez, F.I. & Palensky, P. Profile-based Control for Central Domestic Hot Water Distribution IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics
    Vol. 10 (1) , pp. 697-705  
    article
    BibTeX:
    @article{Vazquez2013,
      author = {Felix Iglesias Vazquez and Peter Palensky},
      title = {Profile-based Control for Central Domestic Hot Water Distribution},
      journal = {IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics},
      year = {2013},
      volume = {10},
      number = {1},
      pages = {697-705},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TII.2013.2275032}
    }
    					
    2009 Velik, R.; Bruckner, D. & Palensky, P. A Bionic Approach for High-Efficiency Sensor Data Processing in Building Automation Proceedings of IEEE IECON 2009, Porto, Portugal   inproceedings
    Abstract: Today’s building automation shifts from simple applications like controlling illumination and temperature towards complex applications like the observation of buildings for safety and security reasons or increasing the occupants’ comfort. Complex applications require more and more sensory information. Existing approaches of sensor data processing cannot cope with these demands. In this article, we present a new, bionically inspired approach for coping with such a huge amount of diverse sensory information. For this purpose, an information processing principle called neuro-symbolic information processing is introduced which bases on neuroscientific and neuro-psychological research findings about the perceptual system of the human brain.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Velik2009,
      author = {Rosemarie Velik and Dietmar Bruckner and Peter Palensky},
      title = {A Bionic Approach for High-Efficiency Sensor Data Processing in Building Automation},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of IEEE IECON 2009, Porto, Portugal},
      year = {2009},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/IECON.2009.5414844}
    }
    					
    2006 Weihs, M.; Bruckner, H.; Lorenz, B. & Palensky, P. Integral Resource Optimization Network 9. Symposium Energieinnovation, Graz, 2006   inproceedings
    Abstract: Ziel von IRON ist die Konzeption und Entwicklung eines IT-basierten, dezentralen Optimierungsnetzwerks für die Ressource „elektrische Energie“. Durch ein erhöhtes Maß an Kommunikation soll die Koordination der einzelnen Teilnehmer am Elektrizitätsnetz entscheidend verbessert und zu Optimierungen genutzt werden. Beispiele dafür sind das koordinierte Verschieben von Lasten, der gezielte Einsatz von virtuellen Speichern und der lokale Abgleich von Erzeugung und Verbrauch. Langfristig soll die entwickelte Infrastruktur auf möglichst breiter Basis eingesetzt werden.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Weihs2006,
      author = {Manfred Weihs and Helmut Bruckner and Brigitte Lorenz and Peter Palensky},
      title = {Integral Resource Optimization Network},
      booktitle = {9. Symposium Energieinnovation, Graz, 2006},
      year = {2006}
    }
    					
    2015 Widl, E.; Judex, F.; Eder, K. & Palensky, P. FMI-based co-simulation of hybrid closed-loop control system models Complex Systems Engineering (ICCSE), 2015 International Conference on , pp. 1-6   inproceedings
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Widl2015,
      author = {Widl, Edmund and Judex, Florian and Eder, Katharina and Palensky, Peter},
      title = {FMI-based co-simulation of hybrid closed-loop control system models},
      booktitle = {Complex Systems Engineering (ICCSE), 2015 International Conference on},
      year = {2015},
      pages = {1--6},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ComplexSys.2015.7385981}
    }
    					
    2013 Widl, E.; Mueller, W.; Elsheikh, A.; Hoertenhuber, M. & Palensky, P. The FMI++ Library: A High-level Utility Package for FMI for Model Exchange Proceedings of the 2013 Workshop on Modeling and Simulation of Cyber-Physical Energy Systems   inproceedings
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Widl2013,
      author = {Edmund Widl and Wolfgang Mueller and Atiyah Elsheikh and Matthias Hoertenhuber and Peter Palensky},
      title = {The FMI++ Library: A High-level Utility Package for FMI for Model Exchange},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of the 2013 Workshop on Modeling and Simulation of Cyber-Physical Energy Systems},
      year = {2013},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MSCPES.2013.6623316}
    }
    					
    2012 Widl, E.; Palensky, P. & Elsheikh, A. Evaluation of two approaches for simulating cyber-physical energy systems Proceedings of the 38th IEEE Conference on Industrial Electronics IECON 2012 , pp. 3582 -3587   inproceedings
    Abstract: Simulation-driven design has become an important design process in many technological domains. It allows a more rapid deployment of innovative technology in products that have to fulfil high quality standards. In view of the success of this approach it is also becoming an increasingly important tool for the development of the future energy system. Due to the size and complexity of such systems this is however a challenging task. Energy systems combine not only a multitude of physical domains, related directly to the processes of generation, storage, distribution and consumption, but will in the future also increasingly rely on communication technologies and software in- frastructure for information exchange and control purposes. This article evaluates two distinct software tools, Simulink/Simscape and Ptolemy II, that nevertheless have the potential to serve as a framework for modelling, simulating and analysing such cyber- physical energy systems.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Widl2012,
      author = {Widl, Edmund and Palensky, Peter and Elsheikh, Atiyah},
      title = {Evaluation of two approaches for simulating cyber-physical energy systems},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of the 38th IEEE Conference on Industrial Electronics IECON 2012},
      year = {2012},
      pages = {3582 -3587},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/IECON.2012.6389323}
    }
    					
    2014 Widl, E.; Palensky, P.; Siano, P. & Rehtanz, C. Guest Editorial Modeling, Simulation, and Application of Cyber-Physical Energy Systems Industrial Informatics, IEEE Transactions on
    Vol. 10 (4) , pp. 2244-2246  
    article
    BibTeX:
    @article{Widl2014,
      author = {Widl, E. and Palensky, P. and Siano, P. and Rehtanz, C.},
      title = {Guest Editorial Modeling, Simulation, and Application of Cyber-Physical Energy Systems},
      journal = {Industrial Informatics, IEEE Transactions on},
      year = {2014},
      volume = {10},
      number = {4},
      pages = {2244-2246},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TII.2014.2359800}
    }
    					
    2010 Zaidi, A.A.; Kupzog, F.; Zia, T. & Palensky, P. Load Recognition for Automated Demand Response in Microgrids Proceedings of the 36th IEEE Conference on Industrial Electronics, IECON 2010, Phoenix AZ, USA   inproceedings
    Abstract: Microgrids are well-suited for electrification of remote off-grid areas. This paper sketches the concept of a plug-and-play microgrid with a minimum of configuration effor needed for setup. When the load of such an off-grid microgrid grows over the generation capacity and energy storage is not sufficient, demand has to be reduced to prevent a blackout. In order to decide which loads are inessential and can be shedded, automated load recognition on the basis of measured power consumption profiles is needed. Two promising approaches from the area of speech recognition, Dynamic Time Warping and Hidden Markov Models, are compared for this application. It is found that a key feature to achieve good recognition efficiency is a careful selection of the features extracted from the measured power data.
    BibTeX:
    @inproceedings{Zaidi2010,
      author = {Adeel Abbas Zaidi and Friederich Kupzog and Theseen Zia and Peter Palensky},
      title = {Load Recognition for Automated Demand Response in Microgrids},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of the 36th IEEE Conference on Industrial Electronics, IECON 2010, Phoenix AZ, USA},
      year = {2010},
      doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/IECON.2010.5675022}
    }
    					
    2012 Zucker, G.; Palensky, P.; Judex, F.; Hettfleisch, C.; Schmidt, R.-R. & Basciotti, D. Energy Aware Building Automation Enables Smart Grid-friendly Buildings e&i (Elektrotechnik & Informationstechnik)
    Vol. 129 (4) , pp. 271-277  
    article
    Abstract: Building automation is the key to exploiting flexibilities in building operation with regard
    to integration of renewable energy sources, load shifting and general optimization for
    energy efficiency. Based on thermal and electric models of building physics and the
    energy producers and consumers in the building it is possible to assess the current
    state of the building and its systems and make predictions about the expected future
    behavior, which can be exploited to be beneficial for the electric and thermal grid.
    BibTeX:
    @article{Zucker2012,
      author = {Gerhard Zucker and Peter Palensky and Florian Judex and Christian Hettfleisch and Ralf-Roman Schmidt and Daniele Basciotti},
      title = {Energy Aware Building Automation Enables Smart Grid-friendly Buildings},
      journal = {e&i (Elektrotechnik & Informationstechnik)},
      year = {2012},
      volume = {129},
      number = {4},
      pages = {271-277}
    }
    					
    2013 Palensky, P. (Hrsg.) IEEE 39th Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society IECON 2013   proceedings
    BibTeX:
    @proceedings{Palensky2013c,,
      title = {39th Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society IECON 2013},
      year = {2013}
    }
    					
    2009 Palensky, P. (Hrsg.) 9th IEEE AFRICON (9781424439188)   proceedings
    BibTeX:
    @proceedings{Palensky2009c,,
      title = {9th IEEE AFRICON},
      publisher = {IEEE},
      year = {2009},
      number = {9781424439188}
    }
    					
    2007 Palensky, P. (Hrsg.) 5th IEEE Conference on Industrial Informatics   proceedings
    BibTeX:
    @proceedings{Palensky2007c,,
      title = {5th IEEE Conference on Industrial Informatics},
      publisher = {IEEE},
      year = {2007}
    }
    					
    2006 Palensky, P. (Hrsg.) Intelligente Gebaeude und Wohnungen (3851330390)   proceedings
    BibTeX:
    @proceedings{Palensky2006b,,
      title = {Intelligente Gebaeude und Wohnungen},
      publisher = {OVE},
      year = {2006},
      number = {3851330390}
    }
    					
    2005 Palensky, P. & Dietrich, D. (Hrsg.) Intelligente Gebaeude und Wohnungen (3851330374)   proceedings
    BibTeX:
    @proceedings{Palensky2005b,,
      title = {Intelligente Gebaeude und Wohnungen},
      publisher = {OVE},
      year = {2005},
      number = {3851330374}
    }
    					
    2009 Ulieru, M.; Palensky, P. & Doursat, R. (Hrsg.) IT Revolutions (1867-8211)   book
    BibTeX:
    @book{Ulieru2009,,
      title = {IT Revolutions},
      publisher = {Springer},
      year = {2009},
      number = {1867-8211}
    }
    					

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